Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 12th April 2019

PCI issues guidelines for objective reporting on polls

Focus: GS 2.

Topic: Indian Constitution - historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

Why in News?

The Press Council of India (PCI) on asked the media to give objective reports about the election and cautioned it against the phenomenon of paid news. 

Guidelines for media

  • The PCI said newspapers are not expected to indulge in unhealthy election campaigns, exaggerated reports about any candidate or party during the elections.
  • It will be the duty of the press to give objective reports about the election and the candidates.
  • While reporting on the actual campaign, a newspaper may not leave out any important point raised by a candidate and make an attack on his or her opponent.
  • It also cautioned the press to eschew reports which tend to promote feelings or enmity or hatred between people on the grounds of region, religion, race, caste, community or language.
  • The press should refrain from publishing false or critical statements in regard to the personal character and conduct of any candidate or in relation to the candidature or withdrawal of any candidate or candidature. 

Guidelines against unverified and paid news

  • The PCI also cautioned against publishing unverified allegations against any candidate or party.
  • The council said whenever the newspapers publish pre-poll surveys, they should take care to preface them conspicuously.
  • They should indicate the institutions which have carried on such surveys, the individuals and organisations which have commissioned them, the size and nature of sample selected and the method of selection of the sample for the findings.
  • The PCI asked the media to guard against paid news which it defined as “any news or analysis appearing in any media (print & electronic) for a price in cash or kind as consideration”.

Source: The Hindu. 

IMO’s new rule on electronic information exchange between ships and ports comes into force

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and agreements involving India.

Context

A new global rule mandated by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) for national governments to introduce electronic information exchange between ships and ports has come to effect.

New rules

  • The FAL Convention contains standards and recommended practices and rules for simplifying formalities, documentary requirements and procedures on ships’ arrival, stay and departure.
  • The requirement, mandatory under IMO’s Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL Convention) is part of a package of amendments adopted in 2016.
  • The new FAL Convention requirement for all public authorities to establish systems for the electronic exchange of information related to maritime transport.
  • It marks a significant move in the maritime industry and ports towards a digital maritime world, reducing the administrative burden and increasing the efficiency of maritime trade and transport.

Highlights

  • The Convention encourages use of a “single window” for data, to enable all the information required by public authorities in connection with the arrival, stay and departure of ships, persons and cargo, to be submitted via a single portal, without duplication.
  • The rules seeks to make cross-border trade simpler and the logistics chain more efficient, for the more than 10 billion tonnes of goods which are traded by sea annually across the globe.

Source: The Hindu.

IIT Bombay’s bacteria preferentially degrade aromatic compounds

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Achievements of Indians In S&T.

Context

Using a unique strain of bacterium isolated from soil contaminated with petroleum products, IIT Bombay researchers selectively removed from the environment toxic pollutants.

Background

  • The bacteria helped selectively remove pollutants such as aromatic pollutants such as benzoate (sodium benzoate is used as a food preservative), benzyl alcohol and naphthalene.
  • The strain can degrade aromatics and organic acids simultaneously.

Features

  • The unique feature of the bacterial strain is its preference for aromatic compounds and organic acid as a food source even when glucose is available.
  • Since breaking down aromatic compounds is difficult, bacteria generally prefer simple carbon sources such as glucose for obtaining energy.
  • Even the bacteria that are known to degrade aromatic compounds tend to first prefer glucose and other simple carbon sources for energy and feed on aromatic compounds only when glucose gets exhausted.
  • Even when both benzoate and glucose were available, the bacteria first utilized benzoate, and only when it was exhausted did it start feeding on glucose.
  • This gives an advantage to remove the pollutants with priority even in the presence of simple carbon source from the contaminated site.

Significance

  • The bacterial strain is a very good candidate for bioremediation or waste-water treatment.
  • We can increase the metabolic diversity and capacity by genetically engineering the strain.
  • The team hopes to engineer the strain so it can be directly applied to the soil to preferentially degrade aromatic pesticides.

Source: The Hindu.

Bamboo Rice shows up in Odisha

Focus: GS 3.

Topic: Major Crops & Cropping Patterns.

Why in News?

Odisha is among the states known for a wide variety of rice, the staple food of eastern and north-eastern India and beyond. 

Abut Bamboo rice

  • Bamboo rice is special rice that is grown out of a dying bamboo shoot.
  • When the bamboo shoot breathes its last, it flowers into a rare variety of rice seeds, which are known as bamboo rice.
  • It is said that the bamboo rice harvesting is a major source of income for the tribal communities living in the interiors of Wayanad Sanctuary in Kerala.
  • The gates of Chandaka-Dampara Wildlife Sanctuary in Cuttack district Odisha have been recently opened for forest dwellers to come and collect the rice. 

Highlights

  • The bamboo rice, which grows only twice or thrice in a century. And it is being harvested now.
  • The last collected bamboo rice in Odisha was in 1979.
  • Whenever bamboo blossoms, the rat population increases. To prevent rats from running the rice, local villagers and forest dwellers collect bamboo rice.
  • Also, the rice then becomes a major source of income and food for villagers living near the forest.
  • The variety looks like paddy rice and tastes more like wheat.
  • It is believed to have low glycaemic index compared to other varieties and it is good for diabetics.
  • It’s rich in proteins and does not contain any fat.

Source: The Hindu.

Map of the Day

SAARC Nations

Data check

Tiger Population Statistics

Quote for the Day

“There is only one god. None equals him. He has no end. He is present in all living beings” – Raja Ram Mohan Roy.

Mains Answer Writing

1.Discuss the structure of Press Council of India and elaborate on it’s functions.
2.A new global rule mandated by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) for national governments to introduce electronic information exchange between ships and ports has come to effect. Examine the impact of the move.
3.Explain the significance and health impacts of Bamboo rice.

 

Test your Knowledge

1. Consider the following statements 

1) The National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) was set up in 2005.

2) It is a statutory body under the Commission for Protection of Child Rights Act,2005.

3) It works under the administrative control of the Ministry of Women & Child Development.  

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 

2. Consider the following statements 

1) The Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) is a joint program of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.

2) It was launched in 1999 in the wake of the Asian financial crisis. 

3) The program brings together the World Bank and IMF expertise to help countries reduce the likelihood and severity of financial sector crises.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 

3. Consider the following statements:

1) The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations.

2) It codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth.

3) Its headquarters is located in Paris. 

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 

4.‘The Global Findex Report’ is released by

a) IIMB

b) AIDB

c) UNCTAD

d) World Bank 

5.The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an initiative of

a) SAARC

b) BRICS

c) European Union

d) G7 

Answers

  1. B 2.D 3.A 4.D 5.D