PIB Weekely Analysis

Compilation of PIB News Articles

GS PAPER 3

GI Certification for five varieties of Indian coffee

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

What is GI?

geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on certain products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g. a town, region, or country). India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 has come into force with effect from 15 September 2003. GIs have been defined under Article 22(1) of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights(TRIPS) Agreement as: "Indications which identify a good as originating in the territory of a member, or a region or a locality in that territory, where a given quality, reputation or characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its geographic origin.”

In news:

The Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India has recently awarded Geographical Indication (GI) to five varieties of Indian coffee. 

They are:

  • Coorg Arabica  coffee is grown specifically in the region of  Kodagu district in Karnataka.
  • Wayanaad   Robusta coffee is grown specifically in the  region of Wayanad district which is situated on the eastern portion of      Kerala.
  • Chikmagalur   Arabica coffee is grown specifically in the region of Chikmagalur district and it is situated in the Deccan plateau, belongs to the Malnad region of Karnataka.
  • Araku Valley  Arabica coffee can be described as coffee from   the hilly tracks of Visakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha  region at an elevation of 900-1100 Mt MSL. The coffee produce of Araku, by   the tribals, follows an organic approach in which they emphasise management practices involving substantial use of organic manures, green manuring and organic pest management practices.
  • Bababudangiris  Arabica coffee is grown specifically in the   birthplace of coffee in India and the region is situated in the central portion of Chikmagalur district. Selectively hand-picked and processed by natural fermentation, the cup exhibits full body, acidity, mild flavour  and striking aroma with a note of chocolate. This coffee is also called   high grown coffee which slowly ripens in the mild climate and thereby the  bean acquires a special taste and aroma.

The Monsooned Malabar Robusta Coffee, a unique specialty coffee from India, was given GI certification earlier.

In India, coffee is cultivated in about 4.54 lakh hectares by 3.66 lakh coffee farmers of which 98% are small farmers. 

Coffee cultivation is mainly done in the Southern States of India:

  • Karnataka – 54%
  • Kerala – 19%
  • Tamil Nadu – 8%

Coffee is also grown in non-traditional areas like Andhra Pradesh and Odisha (17.2%) and North East States (1.8%).

India is the only country in the world where the entire coffee cultivation is grown under shade, hand-picked and sun dried. India produces some of the best coffee in the world, grown by tribal farmers in the Western and Eastern Ghats, which are the two major bio-diversity hotspots in the world. Indian coffee is highly valued in the world market and sold as premium coffee in Europe.

MAINS QUESTION

What is the importance of GI Tag? How far it is helping the people develop their markets and government intervention for improving them? (10 marks)

Points to be noted down for prelims

AFINDEX-19

  • It is Indian African field training exercise. 
  • AFINDEX-19 which commenced on 18 March 2019 at Pune, a number of activities in planning and conducts of Humanitarian Mine Assistance has been undertaken by all 18 participating nations.
  • The exercise is focusing on exchange of best practices amongst the participating nations, team building and tactical level operations in conduct of Humanitarian Mine Assistance and Peace Keeping operations based on the guidelines issued by the United Nations.  

World Tuberculosis Day

  • It is observed every year on March 24
  • The theme of World Tuberculosis Day this year is “It’s Time”. 
  • Consistent with the spirit of this theme, India has renewed its commitments and intentions to end TB by 2025, five years ahead of the global targets.

Young Scientist Programme (Yuvika)

  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has launched a special programme for School Children called “Young Scientist Programme” “YUva VIgyani KAryakram” (युिवका) 2019.
  • The Program is primarily aimed at imparting basic knowledge on Space Technology, Space Science and Space Applications to the younger ones with the intent of arousing their interest in the emerging areas of Space activities. 
  • ISRO has chalked out this programme to “Catch them young”. 
  • The residential training programme will be of around two weeks duration during summer holidays and it is proposed to select 3 students each from each State/ Union Territory to participate in this programme covering state, CBSE, and ICSE syllabus.
  • Those who have just finished 9th standard (in the academic year 2018-19) and waiting to join 10th standard (or those who have started 10th Std just now) will be eligible for the programme. 
  • The selection will be based on the 8th Std marks. 

Exercise Al Nagah – III 2019 

  • The third edition of joint military training exercise between Indian Army and Royal Oman Army, Exercise AL NAGAH 2019 concluded at Jabel AI Akhdar training camp, Oman.
  • Exercise AL NAGAH will go a long way in further cementing relationship between the nations and will act as a catalyst in bringing synergy and cooperation while undertaking such operations under the United Nations mandate.

Exercise MITRA SHAKTI VI

  • Exercise MITRA SHAKTI VI, a 14 days joint training exercise of the Indian Army and the Sri Lankan Army has been held on 27 March at Diyatalawa Parade Ground in Diyatalawa, Badulla District, Sri Lanka.
  • The Indian Army contingent comprises of a company group from BIHAR Regiment and a similar strength from the First Gemunu Watch Battalion of Sri Lankan Army.
  • The primary focus of the exercise is to train and equip the contingents to undertake joint counter insurgency and counter terrorist operations in urban/ rural environment under the United Nations flag. 
  • The exercise provides an ideal platform for both contingents to share their operational experience and expertise while being instrumental in broadening interoperability and cooperation between the armies of India and Sri Lanka.