Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 13th April 2019

Article 370

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Indian Constitution - historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

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Why in News?

  • BJP’s national president has said that BJP would introduce a National Register for Citizens across India if the party is voted to power again.
  • He further added that the party would scrap Article 370 of the Indian Constitution.

About Article 370

  • Article 370 is a temporary provision granting special autonomous status to Jammu and Kashmir.
  •  It specifies that except for Defence, Foreign Affairs, Finance and Communications the Indian Parliament needs the State Government’s concurrence for applying all other laws.
  • The residuary powers belong to the Legislature of the State and
  • No preventive detention law made in India extends to Jammu & Kashmir. 

About NRC

  • The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a register which contains the name of all citizens of India residing in Assam. 
  • It was prepared in 1951.
  • Currently, the NRC update is being updated in Assam to address the issue of illegal migrants.
  • The update is being carried out under the Citizenship Act, 1955, and according to rules framed in the Assam Accord, 1985.

Source: The Hindu. 

SC nod for firecrackers at Kerala fest

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Judiciary.

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Context

  • The Supreme Court has allowed two temples in Kerala- Thiruvambady Devaswom and Paramekkavu Devaswom -to display fireworks during the Thrissur Pooram festival.
  • The judgement comes in the backdrop of a plea submitted by the temples before the SC to exempt the traditional fireworks of Thrissur Pooram from its verdict delivered in October 2018.

Background

  • In October 2018, the Supreme Court had banned the manufacture, sale and use of firecrackers that are loud and toxic to man, animal and the environment. 
  • The court allowed for sale of green and improved crackers through licensed traders.

Highlights

  • Thiruvambady Devaswom and Paramekkavu Devaswom manufacture firecrackers for the festival through their own licensees. 
  • The SC has ordered that the temples would continue to do that subject to a written approval from the Petroleum and Explosive Safety Organisation (PESO).
  • PESO is a body under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry entrusted to look after safety requirements in manufacture, storage, transport and use of explosives and petroleum.
  • The Thrissur Pooram is an annual 7day Hindu festival celebrated in the Malayalam month of Medam (April- May).
  • The festival is held at the Thekkinkadu Maidanam in Thrissur, Kerala.
  • The festival is organised with the participation of 10 temples situated around Vadakkunnathan Temple.
  • The temples with their deities gather to the city of Thrissur to pay obeisance to Lord Vadakkunnathan, the presiding deity of the Vadakkunnathan Temple.

Source: The Hindu.

Namami Gange gets global recognition at World Summit

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

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Context

The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has been awarded the distinction of Public Water Agency of the Year at the Global Water Awards in London, UK.

Highlights

  • The Global Water Awards are presented at the Global Water Summit.
  • It is the major business conference for the water industry worldwide.
  • The awards recognise excellence across the international water industry and reward those initiatives in the water, waste water and desalination sectors which bring remarkable improvements in the lives of people.
  • NMCG is the implementation wing of the National Ganga Council.
  • It was registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860.
  • The government through the River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) Authorities Order, 2016,declared NMCG as an Authority.
  • It has been given powers to issue directions and also to exercise the powers under the Environment (Protection) Act,1986.
  • The NMCG implements the Namami Gange programme.
  • The Namami Gange is an Integrated Conservation Mission which seeks effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of River Ganga.

Source: The Hindu.

India stares at pile of solar e-waste

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

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Why in News?

  • A recent study by energy consultancy firm, Bridge to India, has estimated that India’s photovoltaic (PV) waste volume would grow to 1.8 million tonne by 2050. 
  • The study has advocated urgent framing of a policy for solar module waste management and standards for use of environmentally sustainable material for manufacturing. 

Highlights

  • Solar cell modules are composed of glass, aluminium and potentially hazardous materials such as lead compounds, polymers and cadmium compounds.
  • These when disposed of in an inappropriate way can have negative environmental and health impacts.
  • Despite the environmental concerns, India which is among the leading markets for solar cells in the world, do not have a requisite policy guideline to ensure recycling of module waste. 
  • The E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016 do not cover solar e-waste.
  • The report has noted that technology for solar e-waste recycling remains in a nascent stage globally and the high cost of recycling makes it further financially unviable.
  • The report has also cited best practices. 
  • For example: The European Union (EU) has Eco-Design Directive 2009 in place.
  • It is a policy instrument to reduce environmental impact of energy-related products throughout their life cycle.

Source: The Hindu.

Map of the Day

India – Natural Vegetation

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Data check

Scheduled Tribes population distribution

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Quote for the Day

“If you don’t fight for what you want, Don’t cry for what you lost” – Bhagavad Gita

Mains Answer Writing

1.Write a note on Article 370 and discuss it’s applications and related controversy.
2.Critically analyse the working of the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG).
3.What do we understand by solar e-waste and explain it’s impacts on environment. 

Test your Knowledge

1. Consider the following statements 

1) The Namami Gange is an Integrated Conservation Mission which seeks effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of River Ganga.

2) NMCG is the implementation wing of the National Ganga Council.

3) It was not registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 

2. Consider the following statements 

1) According to the State of World Population 2019 report, India’s population grew at an average of 21% annually between 2010 and 2019.

2) It is more than double the annual population growth rate of China.

3) The report was published by the United Nations Population Fund’s (UNFP)

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 

3. Consider the following statements:

1) ICC is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal.

2) It is headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands. 

3) India is a signatory to the Rome Statute.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 

4.Sabuj Sathi is a scheme related to

a) short-term skill trainings

b) distribution of bi-cycles to students

c) sanitation

d) maternity benefits 

5.KALIA is scheme of

a) Andhra Pradesh

b) Odisha

c) Telangana

d) Kerala

 

Answers

  1. A 2.B 3.A 4.B 5.B