Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 15th April 2019

World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) awards 

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Health & Education.

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Why in News?

  • Two schemes of the West Bengal government for skill development and distribution of bi-cycles to students have won the prestigious World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) awards of the United Nations.
  • The schemes are “Utkarsh Bangla” and “Sabooj Sathi”.

Background

The WB government had received another UN award in 2017 for its ‘Kanyashree’ project, a targeted conditional cash transfer scheme aimed at promoting education among girls. 

About ‘Sabooj Sathi’

  • Sabooj Sathi is a scheme for distribution of bi-cycles to estimated 40 lakh students of class IX to XII studying in Govt. run and Govt. aided Schools and Madrashas.
  • The scheme was launched in September 2015.

About ‘Utkarsh Bangla’?

  • The “Utkarsh Bangla” project aims at creating a pool of skilled candidates who are industry ready.
  • It is meant especially for school dropouts.
  • Out of 1062 nominations in 18 categories, Utkarsh Bangla got the topmost award and emerged a winner in Capacity Building category. 

About WSIS

  • WSIS Prizes is an international contest to create an effective mechanism to evaluate and recognise individuals, governments and private bodies for outstanding success in implementing development oriented strategies that leverage the power of ICTs as an enabler of the development.
  • The contest, organised by the WSIS in Geneva, was first held in 2012.

Source: The Hindu. 

Knowing your medicine

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Health & Education.

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Context

  • The Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) has now asked  commonly- used antibiotics manufacturers to ensure its details be made available to the general public.
  • This decision was taken considering directives from the National Co-ordination Centre of the Pharmacovigilance Programme of India (PvPI).

About Pharmacovigilance Programme in India (PvPI)

  • Pharmacovigilance is defined as the science relating to the detection, assessment, understanding and prevention of adverse effects, principally long term and short term adverse effects of medicines.
  • The  CDSCO has a nation-wide Pharmacovigilance Programme for protecting the health of the patients by promising drug safety.
  • The Programme shall be coordinated by the Indian Pharmacopeia commission, Ghaziabad as a National Coordinating Centre (NCC).
  • The  PvPI was started by the Government of India on 14th July 2010 with the  AIIMS New Delhi as the National Coordination Centre for monitoring Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) in the country for safe-guarding Public Health.

Guidelines

  • CDSCO has written to drug manufacturers, to mention in leaflets inserted into drug packets or on promotional literature, information about the adverse reactions of these medicines.
  • All of the seven formulations  have been instructed to warn patients of the “new” side effects.
  • The Union Health Ministry was alerted about the adverse reactions of Antibiotic Cefixime last year in August.
  • Antibiotic Cefixime is used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections and is known to have adverse reactions, including pain, diarrhoea, nausea and headaches.

Source: The Hindu.

RailWire Wi-Fi Zones

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways Etc. 

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Context

RailWire Wi-Fi by RailTel is now live at 1,600 railway stations across the country, with Santa Cruz railway station in Mumbai becoming the 1,600th station to become a RailWire Wi-Fi zone.

About RailWire

  • RailWire is a retail broadband initiative of RailTel, which envisages extending broadband and application services to the public.
  • RailTel is working to establish bringing fast and free Wi-Fi at all stations (except the halt stations) within a year.
  • The Wi-Fi at 415 A, A1 and C category stations has been provided in association with Google as the technology partner.
  • Wi-Fi connections at 200 stations were provided with support from the Universal Service Obligatory Fund of the Govt. of India.

About RailTel

  • RailTel Corporation is a Mini Ratna(Category-I) PSU of Ministry of Railways.
  • It is the largest neutral telecom services providers in the country owning a Pan-India optic fiber network covering all important towns & cities of the country and several rural areas covering 70% of India’s population.

Source: The Hindu.

Lateral Induction into Government services

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Civil Service.

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Why in News?

  • The government has selected nine professionals, largely from the private sector, as joint secretaries in various departments, signalling a major shift in the entry of professionals in shaping policies.
  • This is perhaps the first time that a large of group of experts with domain knowledge will enter the government through the lateral-entry process. 

Highlights

  • So far, the joint secretary-level officers are largely drawn from the pool of people who clear the civil services examination conducted by the UPSC.
  • To ensure the same standards, the entire process of the selection of these experts was conducted by the UPSC.
  • They will join their respective departments on a “contract basis”.
  • Earlier, some experts had joined the government through the lateral-entry route in ministries such as finance, power and sanitation.
  • The list of professionals included those like Manmohan Singh, Montek Singh Ahluwalia, Bimal Jalan, Vijay Kelkar (former petroleum and finance secretary), R V Shahi (former power secretary), apart from Parameswaran Iyer, who is currently sanitation secretary, and Rajesh Kotecha, who heads the Ayush ministry.

Source: The Hindu.

Map of the Day

Russia

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Data check

India’s pace of urbanisation

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Quote for the Day

“Our nation is like  a tree of which the original trunk is swarajya and the branches are swadeshi and boycott” – Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Mains Answer Writing

1.Write a note on WSIS awards and performance of India in this platform.
2.Discuss the effects of self medication of drugs on health in general and regulatory provisions in India.
3.Critically analyse the programmes of Railways in upgrading infrastructure and connectivity all over India. 

Test your Knowledge

1. Consider the following statements 

1) Electoral Bonds are issued by Scheduled Commercial banks upon authorization from the Central Government.

2) It can be purchased by paying cash.

3) The Bonds shall be issued in the denomination of Rs. 1,000, Rs. 10,000, Rs. 1 lac, Rs. 10 lacs and Rs. 1 crore.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 

2. Consider the following statements 

1) The National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) has been established by Government of India.

2) The objective is to coordinate with all matters relating to Medicinal Plants and Support Policies and Programs for growth of trade, export, conservation and cultivation. 

3) The board is working under Ministry of Health and Family welfare.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 

3. Consider the following statements:

1) Employee Provident Fund Account is given for employees working with private companies.

2) Public Provident Fund Account is a savings cum tax savings account offered in India.

3) Non-Resident Indians and Hindu Undivided Family individuals are not eligible for a PPF account.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 

4.Democracy Index 2019 is released by?

a) IMF

b) UNCTAD

c) OECD

d) Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) 

5.Department of Pension and Pensioners Welfare is under

a) Ministry of Social Justice.

b) Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.

c) Ministry of Human Resource Development.

d) Ministry of Skill Development. 

Answers

  1. C 2.A 3.B 4.D 5.B