Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 16th April 2019

PM to get Russia’s highest civilian award

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and agreements involving India.

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Why in News?

Russia has announced  that it will confer its highest civilian award, the “Order of the Holy Apostle Andrew the First,” on PM Narendra Modi for his work on bilateral ties.

Background

  • The order was presented to the PM for his distinguished contribution to the development of a privileged strategic partnership between Russia and India and friendly ties between the Russian and Indian peoples.
  • The Russian honour comes after a week of the Indian premier being awarded the UAE’s highest civilian award, the Zayed Medal, for his crucial role in boosting the strategic relationship between the two countries.
  • The Russian honour is the seventh international award conferred on Modi since he came to power in 2014. 

About the award

  • The award was established in 1698 but it was abolished during the communist era, before being reinstated in 1998.
  • Since then, it has been awarded to 18 people, mostly Russians, such as AK-47 designer Mikhail Kalashnikov, former president Mikhail Gorbachev and author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn.

Source: The Hindu.

India to be treated as NATO ally

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and agreements involving India.

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Context

American lawmakers have reintroduced a key legislation in their House of Representatives which seeks to advance the US-India strategic relationship.

About HR 2123 Bill

  • It seeks to send a powerful signal that defence sales to India should be prioritized according to US-India Strategic Partnership Forum, which had worked on this important legislation.
  • The proposed legislation follows the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) of 2017 including special language that designated India as a “Major Defence Partner” of the US.
  • Although powerful in its own right, the NDAA FY 2017 has no legal bearing on the State Department’s body of legislation, nor does it compel the State Department to view defence with India more favorably.
  • To fulfil the spirit and intent of the NDAA 2017, the US-India Enhanced Cooperation Act would amend the Arms Export Control Act to put India on par with NATO allies and Israel, South Korea, New Zealand, Australia and Japan.
  • The two taken together illustrates the major changes that have taken place in the India- US relationship over the past two decades.

Impacts

  • If enacted, the legislation would ensure that the US State Department treats India as a “NATO ally” for the purposes of the Arms Export Control Act.
  • India is the world’s largest democracy, a pillar of stability in the region, and has shown strong commitments to export control policies.
  • This adjustment to US law will further allow the US-India partnership to flourish in line with our security commitment to the Indo-Pacific region.

Source: The Hindu.

Phase 4 of Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV)

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Awareness In The Fields Of It, Space, Computers, Robotics, Nano-Technology, Bio-Technology.

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Context

  • The Union Cabinet has approved ongoing GSLV continuation programme Phase-4 consisting of five GSLV flights during the period 2021-2024.
  • This will enable the launch of 2 tonne class of satellites for Geo-imaging, Navigation, Data Relay Communication and Space Sciences.
  • It will meet the demand for the launch of satellites at a frequency up to two launches per year, with maximal participation by the Indian industry.

About GSLV

  • GSLV Continuation Programme was initially sanctioned in 2003, and two phases have GSLV Continuation Programme was initially sanctioned in 2003, and two phases have been completed and the third phase is in progress and expected to be completed by Q4 of 2020-21.
  • GSLV has enabled independent access to space for 2 tonne class of satellites to Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO).
  • One of the significant outcomes of the GSLV Continuation Programme is the mastering of the highly complex cryogenic propulsion technology, which is an essential technological capability to launch communication satellites to GTO.
  • This has also paved the way for the development of a high thrust Cryogenic engine & stage for the next generation launch vehicle i.e. GSLV Mk-lll.
  • With the recent successful launch of GSLV-F11 on 19th December 2018, GSLV has successfully orbited 10 national satellites.
  • GSLV with the indigenous Cryogenic Upper Stage has established itself as a reliable launch vehicle for communication, navigation and meteorological satellites and also to undertake future interplanetary missions.

Impacts

  • The operationalization of GSLV has made the country self-reliant in the launching capability of 2 tonne class of satellites for communication & meteorological satellites.
  • It will sustain & strengthen the capability and self-reliance in the launching of similar satellites for national requirements including next generation navigation satellites, data relay communication satellites and interplanetary missions.
  • It will meet the launch requirement of satellites for providing critical Satellite Navigation Services, Data Relay Communication for supporting the Indian Human spaceflight programme and the next interplanetary mission to Mars.
  • This will also ensure the continuity of production in Indian industry.

Source: The Hindu.

India to launch coffee consumption drive

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Food Processing & Related Industries In India.

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Why in News?

To bring world coffee producers, including Indian growers, out of this appalling situation, The World Coffee Producers Forum has decided to reach out to the coffee consuming countries around the world. 

Background

  • The context is that coffee growers around the globe are going paupers and turning poverty stricken.
  • As per International Coffee Organization (ICO), 25 million farmers, including more than 3,00,000 in India, produce coffee in 60 counties.
  • Over 90% of these growers are smallholders and are forced to sell their coffees at a price much below the cost of production.
  • This scenario has led to socio-economic issues. 
  • These growers and their families have gone deeper into debts.
  • Many even have abandoned their farms and migrated to cities. 

Highlights

  • There is a huge demand-supply imbalance that currently exists in the global coffee markets.
  • That’s the root cause for price fall.
  •  Increasing the consumption is the only way to counter this and therefore demand for the commodity in the global markets will increase.
  • The plan is to import excess coffees from Brazil, Colombia and Vietnam, provided the government of India waives off the import duty on coffee which is 105%. 

About Coffee consumption drive

  • India, which has a domestic consumption of more than 5 million bags (of 60 kg each) will plan and roll out a coffee consumption campaign on behalf of global coffee growers who suffered huge financial losses on account of falling coffee prices and soaring labour cost.
  • As a precursor India will kick off a five-year coffee consumption campaign in collaboration with top global roasters including Nestle and Starbucks, cafe chains, other stakeholders and the GoI.
  • A special entity would be formed to execute this country-wide coffee campaign.
  • The plan is to get most of the funding from international roasters while ICO will play a catalyst’s role.
  • The campaign will address a population of 450 million, mostly school and college students, in India. 

Source: The Hindu.


Map of the Day

United Kingdom

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Data check

India’s Manufacturing statistics

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Quote for the Day

“It is better to live your own destiny imperfectly then to live an imitation of somebody else’s life with perfection” – Bhagavad Gita

Mains Answer Writing

1.Critically analyse the bi-lateral relations between India and Russia during cold war and today.
2.Can India be a NATO ally? Discuss
3.Write a note on GSLV and its missions

 

Test your Knowledge

1. Consider the following statements 

1) The Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO) is the national regulatory body for Indian pharmaceuticals and medical device.

2) It functions under the National Health Act,1940.

3) CDSCO comes under Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above

2. Consider the following statements 

1) The Tea Board of India is a state agency of the Government of India established to promote the cultivation, processing, and domestic trade as well as export of tea from India

2) It was established by the enactment of the Tea Act in 1953

3) It has its headquarters in Imphal

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above

3. Consider the following statements:

1) India has set up an Indo-Pacific division in the foreign office.

2) The Indo Pacific policy was articulated by the prime minister at the Shangri-La Dialogue in 2018.

3) The division will integrate the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), Asean region and the Quad to the Indo-Pacific table.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above

4.Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) is headed by

a) Cabinet Secretary

b) National Security Advisor

c) Prime Minister

d) Defence Minister

5.‘Fateh’ submarine belongs to

a.Israel
b.China
c.Pakistan
d.Iran

 

Answers

  1. C 2.A 3.D 4.D 5.D