Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 17th April 2019

The IMD Yardstick for determining rainfall

Focus: GS1.

Topic: Geographical Features & Their Location.

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Why in News?

While releasing its monsoon forecast, the IMD expressed the projected rainfall in terms of Long Period Average (LPA), saying that it was expected to be 96% of LPA.

LPA of the Monsoon

  • The LPA for the season is calculated on the basis of the mean rainfall during the four- month monsoon season over the 50-year period from 1951-2010.
  • It works out to an average of 89 cm for the country as a whole.
  • This is the average rainfall recorded during the months from June to September, calculated during the 50-year period.
  • It is kept as a benchmark while forecasting the quantitative rainfall for the monsoon season every year.
  • When IMD forecasts the category of rainfall, be it for country, region or month, the forecast is based on these standardised figures calculated for a period of 50 years.
  • As per the outputs obtained from the weather models, the rainfall is categorised as normal, below normal, or above normal. 

About the division

  • Normal or Near Normal: When per cent departure of actual rainfall is +/-10% of LPA, that is, between 96-104% of LPA.
  • Below normal: When departure of actual rainfall is less than 10% of LPA, that is 90- 96% of LPA.
  • Above normal: When actual rainfall is 104-110% of LPA.
  • Deficient: When departure of actual rainfall is less than 90% of LPA.
  • Excess: When departure of actual rainfall is more than 110% of LPA.

Region-wise LPA

  • 83 cm for East and Northeast India,
  • 55 cm for Central India,
  • 61 cm for South Peninsular India, and
  • 50 for Northwest India, which put together, bring the all-India figure to 88.75 cm.

Source: The Hindu.

India short of 6 lakh doctors, 2 million nurses : U.S. study

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Health & Education.

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Context

India has a shortage of an estimated 600,000 doctors and 2 million nurses, say a US study.

Out-of-pocket costs of health 

  • In India, 65% of health expenditure is out-of-pocket, and such expenditures push some 57 million people into poverty each year.
  • Even when antibiotics are available, patients are often unable to afford them.
  • High out-of-pocket medical costs to the patient are compounded by limited government spending for health services.
  • The study found that lack of staff that are properly trained in administering antibiotics is preventing patients from accessing live-saving drugs.

The Mortality burden

  • Researchers at CDDEP in the U.S. conducted stakeholder interviews in Uganda, India, and Germany, and literature reviews to identify key access barriers to antibiotics in low-, middle-, and high-income countries.
  • The majority of the world’s annual 5.7 million antibiotic-treatable deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
  • Here, the mortality burden from treatable bacterial infections far exceeds the estimated annual 700,000 deaths from antibiotic-resistant infections.
  • Health facilities in many of these countries are substandard.

Issues with India

  • In India, there is one government doctor for every 10,189 people (the WHO recommends a ratio of 1:1,000), or there is a deficit of 600,000 doctors.
  • The nurse: patient ratio is 1:483, implying a shortage of two million nurses.
  • Lack of access to antibiotics kills more people currently than does antibiotic resistance, Lack of access to antibiotics kills more people currently than does antibiotic resistance, but we have not had a good handle on why these barriers are created.
  • The findings of the report show that even after the discovery of new antibiotic, regulatory hurdles and substandard health facilities delay or altogether prevent widespread market entry and drug availability.

Source: The Hindu.

Resilient Cities Asia-Pacific (RCAP) Congress

Focus: GS1.

Topic: Climatic Change.

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Why in News?

The 4th Resilient Cities Asia-Pacific (RCAP) Congress 2019 was organized by the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI). 

About the Congress

  • RCAP is the annual global platform for urban resilience and climate change adaptation.
  • It is convened by ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability and co-hosted by the World Mayors Council on Climate Change and the City of Bonn.
  • It was launched in 2010 with the goal of forging partnerships and dialogues that matter.
  • The success of the series ‘Resilient Cities – The Annual Global Forum on Urban Resilience and Adaptation’ that attracts hundreds of participants to Bonn, Germany, every year since 2010 is a clear indication of how pressing the issue of adaptation and resilience is perceived among local governments worldwide. 

Highlights

  • The RCAP is a response to heightened demand from the Asia Pacific Region, which encouraged ICLEI to expand the congress series to include Resilient Cities Asia-Pacific, bringing the event and the focus to the Asia-Pacific region, catering to the situation, challenges and opportunities of local governments specifically in this region.
  • It aims to provide an Asian platform for urban resilience and climate change adaptation where partnerships are forged and concrete dialogues are happening, with the ultimate goal of identifying solutions and creating lasting impacts for cities in the region.

Source: The Hindu.

Sub-sonic missile Nirbhay

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Achievements Of Indians In S&T.

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Context

  • In a major boost for defence, India successfully test-fired its first Sub-sonic cruise missile, Nirbhay.
  • The missile, which can be deployed from multiple platforms, was launched by the DRDO from complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur, Odisha.

About Nirbhay Missile

  • Nirbhay is a long range, all-weather, subsonic cruise missile designed and developed in India by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • The missile can be launched from multiple platforms and is capable of carrying conventional and nuclear warheads.
  • It is a two-stage missile powered by Solid rocket motor booster.
  • It is capable of carrying warheads of up to 300kg at a speed of 0.6 to 0.7 Mach (sub- sonic)
  • It has an operational range of 1000 km (long range).

Source: The Hindu.

Notre-Dame Fire

Focus: GS1.

Topic: Art & Culture.

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Why in News?

Paris was struck in its very heart as flames devastated the roof of Notre-Dame, the medieval cathedral made famous by Victor Hugo. 

Importance of Notre-Dame

  • The iconic cathedral has been deeply enmeshed in Paris’s history since construction began at the end of the 12th century; historians generally ascribe the date 1163 and lasted more than two centuries to 1345.
  • For French Catholics it has particular resonance, as the resting place of the crown of thorns believed to have been placed on Jesus’ head before his crucifixion.
  • For centuries France’s kings and queens were married and buried there.
  • Its massive tenor bell announced the liberation of the city from Nazi control on August 24, 1944, ending the dark years under German rule in World War II.
  • Napoleon was crowned emperor in Notre-Dame in 1804, and the joyous thanksgiving ceremony after the Liberation of Paris in 1944 took place there, led by Charles de Gaulle.

Source: The Hindu.


Map of the Day

France

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Data check

Doctor to Patient Ratio in India

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Quote for the Day

“Even if there were a sword in the hands of everyone, it is willpower that establishes a government” – Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.

Mains Answer Writing

1.Discuss the new categories of Monsoons by IMD in India.
2.Critically analyse the lack of doctors and nurses in the health sector of India.
3.Explain how India can play a game changer role in Asia-Pacific region wrt climate change.

 

Test your Knowledge

1. Consider the following statements 

1) The Umbrella Movement was a political movement that emerged during the Hong Kong democracy protests of 2014.

2) In 1997, when China assumed control of Hong Kong from Britain, the city residents were promised universal suffrage by 2017.

3) Accordingly, China had granted Universal suffrage in 2015.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above

2. Consider the following statements 

1) State of the World Population report 2019 is released by OECD.

2) India’s life expectancy at birth is lower than the world’s (69 years to 72).

3) India scores higher than the global average in terms of access to healthcare during childbirth.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above

3. Consider the following statements:

1) Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps was set up in 1979.

2) This was set up after Ayatollah Khomeini’s Islamic Revolution as an ideologically-driven branch of the armed forces of Iran, to protect the newly established Islamic system from hostile foreign powers and internal dissensions.

3) It’s movements are supported by the US.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above

4.Which of the following is the oldest paramilitary force in India?

a) BSF

b) Indo-Tibetan Police Force

c) Assam Rifles

d) Coast Guards

5.Nirbhay is developed by

a.ISRO
b.DRDO
c.India – Israel Collaboration
d.Private arm of ISRO

 

Answers

  1. A 2.B 3.A 4.C 5.B