Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 15th June 2019

CO2 emissions rose by 2% in 2018:study

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Why in News?

  • According to the recently released BP Statistical Review of World Energy, Global carbon emissions grew by 2%, the highest since 2010-2011. 

Background

  • The report has termed the trend unsustainable.
  • The BP report has found that while the use of renewable forms of energy grew by 14.5% in 2018, it still accounted for just a third of the total rise in power generation in 2018. 

Highlights

  • The United States recorded the largest-ever annual production increases by any country for both oil and natural gas with the vast majority of increase coming from onshore shale.
  • The report has highlighted that there is a growing mismatch between societal demands for action on climate change and the actual pace of progress. 
  • This can be understood from energy demand and carbon emissions growing at fastest rates for years.
  • BP plc. is a British multinational oil and gas company headquartered in London, United Kingdom. 
  • The BP Statistical Review of World Energy is viewed as an energy industry standard.

Source: The Hindu. 

BJP MP Virendra Kumar to be pro-term speaker of Lok Sabha

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

Context

  • BJP MP from Madhya Pradesh Virendra Kumar has been appointed as the Pro-tem Speaker of the Lok Sabha. 

Role of Pro-term Speaker

  • Pro-tem Speaker’s appointment, functions and powers are not clearly mentioned in the Constitution.
  • After, the new government is formed, the Legislative Section of Parliament prepares a list of the senior most Lok Sabha members. 
  • The list is then submitted to the Minister of Parliamentary Affairs for the appointment of pro tem Speaker. 
  • The appointment has to be then approved by the President.
  • The Protem Speaker performs the duties of the office of the Speaker from the commencement of the sitting of the Lok Sabha till the election of the Speaker. 
  • The main responsibility is to administer the oath of new Members of Parliament.

Source: The Hindu.

Gujarat on alert as cyclonic storm Vayu inches towards coast

Focus: GS1.

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena.

Context

  • Gujarat has been put on high alert after Cyclonic storm Vayu intensified into a severe cyclonic storm. 
  • The cyclonic storm has been named Vayu by India.

Background

  • The severe cyclonic storm Vayu developed in the Arabian Sea and is expected to make a landfall on the Saurashtra coast between Porbandar and Mahuva Kutch.

Highlights

  • The IMD ranks cyclones on a 5-point scale- 

a) Cyclonic storm, 

b) Severe cyclonic storm, 

c) Very severe cyclonic storm, 

d) Extremely Severe cyclonic storm and 

e) Super cyclonic storm

  • If a Deep Depression develops gale force wind speeds of between 62–88 km/h, it is called a Cyclonic storm. 
  • Severe Cyclonic Storms have storm force wind speeds of between 89–117 km/h.
  • Very Severe Cyclonic Storms have hurricane-force winds of 118–166 km/h. 
  • Super Cyclonic Storms have hurricane-force winds of above 222 km/h.

Source: The Hindu.

Govt eyes reforms, to curb 44 labour laws into 4 codes

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States.

Context

  • The Central government is planning to introduce a new Labour Bill in the upcoming session of the Parliament with an aim to help investors and accelerate growth.
  • The new labour legislation would merge the existing 44 labour laws under four specific categories which are 

(a) wages 

(b) social security 

(c) industrial safety and welfare and 

(d) industrial relations.

Background

  • Labour is a subject in the concurrent list of the Constitution of India. 
  • Thus, both the centre and states can enact laws on labour matters.
  • There are 44 central laws and more than 150 state laws on labour.
  • Labour reforms are needed as India’s growth rates in the 2000s are often derided as jobless growth since the service sector-led model has been capital rather than labour intensive. 

Highlights

  • Further, Nine out of ten Indians are employed in the informal sector where labour laws are rarely implemented.
  • Government needs to make the labour laws modern so that it encourages employers to keep more workers in formal roles with social security benefits.
  • Recently, NSSO report showed that unemployment rate across the country stood at 6.1%, the highest since 1972-73.
  • It also showed that joblessness was higher in urban India (7.8%) than in rural India (5.3%).
  • However, there is a stiff opposition from labour unions who alleges that Industries are already flouting labour regulations and any dilution of the existing laws will compromise employees welfare.
  • The labour Union believes that the government is insisting on changing labour laws without realizing that it is not a shortcut for job creation.

Source: The Hindu.

ICAT Releases India’s 1st BS-VI Certificate in Two Wheeler Segment

Focus: GS3.

Topic: indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Image result for ICAT Releases India’s 1st BS – VI Certificate in Two Wheeler Segment

Context

  • International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT) has released India’s first Type Approval Certificate (TAC) for Bharat Stage VI(BS VI) norms for the two wheeler segment in New Delhi.
  • The certificate was released and handed over by Director of ICAT to top officials of the OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturers). 

Background

  • This is India’s first certification in the two wheeler segment for the BS – VI norms.
  • The Bharat Stage (BS) norms are standards instituted by the Indian government to regulate the output of air pollutants from internal combustion engine equipment, including motor vehicles. 

Highlights

  • The norms were introduced in 2000.
  • The Indian government has decided to skip BS-V and directly move to BS-VI from April 2020.
  • From 1st April 2020, only those vehicles will be sold and registered in India which complies with these norms.
  • The International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT) is a leading world class automotive testing, certification and R&D service provider under the aegis of NATRiP (National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project), Government of India.

Source: The Hindu.

Govt to ask RBI to remove priority lending limit for renewable energy sector

Focus: GS3.

Topic: indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Context

  • The Ministry of new and renewable energy (MNRE) has decided to ask the Reserve Bank of India(RBI) for removal of the priority sector lending limit for the renewable energy(RE) sector.
  • This will encourage the PSBs (public sector banks) to lend more for renewable energy projects and help RE developers access easy finance.

Background

  • India is running the world’s largest renewable energy programme and plans to achieve 175 gigawatts (GW) of renewable energy capacity by 2022 as part of its climate commitments. 

Highlights

  • Priority Sector Lending is an important role given by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to the banks for providing a specified portion of the bank lending to few specific sectors.
  • Priority Sector includes the following categories:(a) Agriculture (b)Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (c) Export Credit (d) Education (e) Housing (f) Social Infrastructure (g)Renewable Energy and (h)Others.

Source: The Hindu.

Map of the Day – Gujarat

Image result for gujarat map

Data check

Disasters statistics India

Image result for disasters statistics india

Quote for the Day

“Life is like a game of cards. The hand you are dealt is determinism; the way you play it is free will.” – Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

Mains Answer Writing

1.According to the recently released BP Statistical Review of World Energy, Global carbon emissions grew by 2%, the highest since 2010-2011. Critically analyse.
2.Explain the appointment, roles and responsibilities of Pro-tem Speaker of the Lok Sabha.
3.Discuss how cyclones are ranked.

 

Test your Knowledge

1. Consider the following statements 

1.China recorded the largest-ever annual production increases by any country for both oil and natural gas with the vast majority of increase coming from onshore shale.
2.BP plc. is a British multinational oil and gas company headquartered in London, United Kingdom. 
3.The BP Statistical Review of World Energy is viewed as an energy industry standard.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above

2. Consider the following statements:

1.Pro-tem Speaker’s appointment, functions and powers are clearly mentioned in the Constitution.
2.After, the new government is formed, the Legislative Section of Parliament prepares a list of the senior most Lok Sabha members. 
3.The appointment has to be then approved by the President. 

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 

3. Consider the following statements:

1.The severe cyclonic storm Vayu developed in the Bay of Bengal.
2.It is expected to make a landfall on the Saurashtra coast.
3.Saurashtra coast is between Porbandar and Mahuva Kutch. 

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 

4.Labour is a subject in the

a.State list
b.Union list
c.Concurrent list
d.NOTA 

5.The Bharat Stage (BS) norms were introduced in India in

a.2010
b.2015
c.2000
d.1995


Answers

  1. B 2.B 3.B 4.C 5.C