Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 31st August 2019


Status of policing in India Report 2019

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Image result for Status of Policing in India Report 2019

Context

  • Common Cause and Centre for the Study Developing Societies has released Status of Policing in India Report 2019. 
  • The report highlights the dismal work conditions in which the police operate in India. 

Background

  • According to the report, the police force work with just 3/4th of its required capacity. 
  • An average police officer works for 14 hours a day, six hours more than what the Model Police Act recommends.
  • The study also found a decline in the total strength of women in the police from 11.4% in 2007 to 10.2% in 2016. 
  • Tamil Nadu had highest representation of women at 12.9% in 2016. 

Report Findings

  • The report stated that 28% police personnel believe that pressure from politicians is the biggest hindrance in a crime investigation. 
  • The other obstacles cited were related to society, legal systems and internal working systems in police
  • According to the report, 50% of Indian policemen believes that Muslims are “very much” or “somewhat” prone to committing crimes. 
  • One-third of policemen also believe that people from Schedule Caste are prone to committing crimes.
  • The survey also found that while the police personnel were sufficiently trained on physical parameters, weaponry and in crowd control, many lacked training on modules of new technology, cybercrime or forensic technology.

Source: The Hindu.


Two new eel species discovered

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Image result for Two new eel species discovered

Context

  • Two new species of marine eel have been discovered and documented by Estuarine Biology Regional Centre (EBRC) of the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) at Gopalpur-on-sea in Odisha.

Background

  • One of them is a short brown un-patterned moray eel. 
  • It has been named ‘Gymnothorax andamanensesis’.
  • Another species discovered was a white-spotted moray eel which has been named ‘Gymnothorax smithi’.

About Marine eels

  • Marine eels are mostly found in shallow waters but some of them live offshore in sandy or clayey bottoms ranging up to 500 metres.
  • The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) is the premier Indian organization, under Environment Ministry for zoological research and studies to promote the survey, exploration and research of the fauna in India. 
  • It was established in 1960. 
  • It is headquartered in Kolkata, West Bengal.

Source: The Hindu.


Tamil Nadu’s Dindigul Lock and Kandangi saree gets GI Tag

Focus: GS1.

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

Image result for T.N.’s Dindigul lock and Kandangi saree get GI tag

Context

  • Dindigul lock and Kandangi saree from Tamil Nadu have been given the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.
  • Dindigul locks are made in an area of 5 km in and around Dindigul in Tamil Nadu. 

Background

  • The lock is world famous for their superior quality and durability, and the Dindigul city is often referred to as the “Lock City”.
  • The Kandangi sarees are manufactured in the entire Karaikudi taluk in Sivaganga district of Tamil Nadu. 
  • They are characterised by large contrast borders.

About GI Tag

  • GI is an Intellectual Property Right. 
  • It is a status accorded to a good which is unique to a particular region or area, and is originated from there.
  • The GI tag in India is governed by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection Act), 1999 and is administered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks, under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

Highlights

  • Good in the categories of a) Agricultural products (e.g. Nagpur Orange), b) foodstuffs (e.g. Joynagar Moa), c) handicrafts (e.g. Agates of Cambay), d) textile (e.g. Kullu Shawl), e) natural products (e.g. Makrana Marble) and f) manufactured products (e.g. Kannauj Perfume) come under the ambit of GI Tags.
  • Darjeeling Tea is the first good to receive a GI Tag in India.

Source: The Hindu.


Campaign Angikaar

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Image result for Campaign Angikaar

Context

  • Ministry of Housing and urban Affairs has launched Angikaar Campaign. 
  • The campaign will officially be rolled out in all cities with PMAY (U) on October 2, 2019. 

Objective

  • It has been launched for social behaviour change, focusing on issues such as water & energy conservation, waste management, health, tree plantation, sanitation and hygiene
  • The campaign will cover beneficiaries of completed houses under PMAY (U). 
  • It will be implemented through community mobilisation and Information Education Communication (IEC) activities.
  • For this purpose, the campaign will converge with schemes and Missions of other Ministries dealing with these subjects. 
  • The convergence would especially focus on Ujjwala for gas connection and Ayushman Bharat for health insurance to the beneficiaries of PMAY (U). 

About PMAY-U

  • The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana Urban (PMAY-U) aims to construct 1.2 crore houses and ensure “Housing for All by 2022” by providing financial assistance to the beneficiaries. 
  • It has four components: a) In-situ Slum Redevelopment (ISSR), b) Affordable Housing in Partnership (AHP), c) Beneficiary-led Individual house construction or Enhancement (BLC), and d) Credit-Linked Subsidy Scheme (CLSS).

Source: The Hindu. 


SKOCH Governance Gold Award

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; 

Why in News?

  • Deendayan Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) has been conferred the prestigious SKOCH Governance Gold Award. 
  • DAY-NULM has been awarded for its Portal for Affordable Credit and Interest Subvention Access (PAiSA).

About PAiSA

  • PAiSA was launched in 2018. 
  • It is a centralized IT platform which simplifies and streamlines release of interest subvention under the Mission. 
  • It offers end to end online solution for processing, payment, monitoring and tracking of interest subvention claims from banks on a monthly basis.

Highlights

  • DAY-NULM is a mission under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. 
  • It aims to reduce poverty and vulnerability of the urban poor households by enabling them to access gainful self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities.
  • SKOCH Award, instituted in 2003, is the highest civilian honour in the country conferred by an independent organisation. 
  • It recognises the best of efforts in the area of digital, financial and social inclusion.

Source: The Hindu.


Centre releases Rs 47,436 crore to 27 states for afforestation

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Context

  • The Union Environment Ministry has transferred ₹47,436 crore to 27 States for afforestation. 
  • These funds are part of the Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF). 

Background

  • The CAF comprises of the money paid by developers who have cut down forest for construction and other activities. 
  • The fund is used for afforestation and regeneration activities as a way of compensating for forest land diverted to non-forest purposes. 

Highlights

  • The amount to be paid depends on the economic value of the goods and services that the razed forest would have provided. 
  • These include timber, bamboo, firewood, carbon sequestration, soil conservation, water recharge, and seed dispersal.
  • This is in accordance to the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980, which says that whenever a forest land is to be diverted for non-forestry purposes, the equivalent non forest land has to be identified for compensatory afforestation and funds for raising compensatory afforestation are to be imposed.

About CAF Act

  • The CAF Act 2016 established an independent authority called the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority to execute the fund. 
  • Earlier, ad hoc National Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority was set up to manage the fund.
  • In 2018, Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF) Rules were put forward. 
  • The rule had been criticised on the grounds that it undermined several aspects of the Forest Rights Act (FRA) and the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act (PESA).

Source: The Hindu.


Map of the Day–Malaysia


Image result for malaysia map


Quote for the Day


"The journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step” – Lao Tzu


Mains Answer Writing


1.Critically analyse the findings of status of policing in India Report 2019.
2.Explain the salient features of Angikaar Campaign.
3.Discuss the significance of Deendayan Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM).

 

Test your Knowledge


1. Consider the following statements 

1.Marine eels are mostly found in deep waters.
2.The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) is under Environment Ministry.
3.It is headquartered in Chennai.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


2. Consider the following statements:

1.Dindigul city is often referred to as the “Lock City”.
2.The Kandangi sarees are characterised by small contrast borders.
3.Darjeeling Tea is the first good to receive a GI Tag in India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


3. Consider the following statements:

1.Angikaar Campaign was launched by Ministry of Rural Development.
2.It has been launched for social behaviour change.
3.The campaign will cover beneficiaries of completed houses under PMAY (U).

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


4.Consider the following statements:

1.PAiSA was launched in 2018. 
2.SKOCH Award, instituted in 2003, is the highest civilian honour in the country conferred by an independent organisation. 
3.It recognises the best of efforts in the area of digital, financial and social inclusion.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


5.Which of the following countries do not border Malaysia?

a.Thailand
b.Indonesia
c.Brunei
d.Laos


Answers

  1. C 2.C 3.B 4.D 5.D



 
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