Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 9th September 2019


Mobile Science Exhibition (SCIENCE EXPLORER)

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Image result for Mobile Science Exhibition (SCIENCE EXPLORER)

Context

  • Union Minister of State for Culture and Tourism has flagged off the first ever Mobile Science Exhibition (SCIENCE EXPLORER) for the Ladakh Region in Leh.
  • Mobile Science Exhibitions (MSE) are basically science exhibitions on buses based on various themes of science and technology.  

Background

  • Mobile Science Exhibitions (MSE) are basically science exhibitions on buses based on various themes of science and technology. 
  • The exhibitions are organized by the National Council of Science Museums (NCSM).
  • The aim is to communicate science in rural areas.
  • These buses target the population which is unable to visit any of the science centre of NCSM. 

About the scheme

  • The mission of the exhibition is ‘If the people cannot visit the museum, let the museum visit the people at their doorsteps.’
  • The topics chosen for these exhibitions are (a)Measurement (b) Machines in everyday life (c)Food & Health (d)Chemistry & Life with a focus on Water (e)Energy (f)Hygiene & Sanitation and (g)Space Science for Human Welfare.
  • The First MSE was launched by Birla Industrial and Technological Museum (BITM), Kolkata in the year 1965.

About NCSM

  • The National Council of Science Museums (NCSM) was established in 1978 as a central coordinating agency for national science museums.
  • It is an autonomous Science & Technology institution under the Ministry of Culture jointly with the Department of Science & Technology (DST).
  • NCSM is the world’s largest network of science centres and museums that functions under a single administrative umbrella.

Source: The Hindu.


The sea route from Chennai to Vladivostok

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests.

Image result for The sea route from Chennai to Vladivostok

Context

  • India and Russia have signed a Memorandum of Intent to open a full fledged maritime route between Chennai to Vladivostok.
  • It is located on the Golden Horn Bay north of North Korea and a short distance from Russia’s border with China.

Background

  • Vladivostok is the largest port on Russia’s Pacific coast and home to the Pacific Fleet of the Russian Navy.
  • At Vladivostok’s massive port, shipping and commercial fishing are the main commercial activities. 

About the sea route

  • The sea route from Vladivostok to Chennai covers a distance of approximately 5,600 nautical miles, or about 10,300 km. 
  • The sea route would pass through the southward on the Sea of Japan past the Korean peninsula.
  • It then passes through Taiwan and the Philippines in the South China Sea.
  • The route then reaches Singapore and through the Strait of Malacca, it emerges into the Bay of Bengal and then cut across through the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago to Chennai. 

Significance

  • It will ensure connectivity between the two major ports which will give impetus to the cooperation between India and the Russian Far East.
  • India is building nuclear power plants with Russia’s collaboration in Kudankulam on the sea coast in Tamil Nadu’s Tirunelveli district.
  • The opening of a sea route will help in the project.
  • It will also increase India’s presence in the Indo-Pacific and especially the South China Sea, which is a deeply contested part of the ocean that China claims it completely.
  • The sea route will also enable transfer of cargo between Chennai and Vladivostok in 24 days in comparison to over 40 days currently taken to transport goods from East Russia to Europe.

Source: The Hindu.


India International Seafood Show

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Image result for India International Seafood Show

Context

  • The 22nd edition of India international seafood show (IISS) will be held in Kochi, Kerala from 7 to 9 February 2020. 
  • India International Seafood Show (IISS) is a biennial show which means it happens once every two years.

Background

  • The show is organized by the Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) in association with the Seafood Exporters Association of India (SEAI).
  • The show will provide a platform for interaction between Indian exporters and overseas importers of Indian marine products.

About MPEDA

  • MPEDA was constituted in 1972 under the Marine Products Export Development Authority Act,1 972.
  • It functions under the Department of Commerce, Government of India.
  • It is headquartered in Kochi, Kerala.
  • It acts as a coordinating agency with different Central and State Government establishments engaged in fishery production and allied activities.

Highlights

  • India is the second largest fish producer in the world with a production of 13.70 million tonnes during 2018-19.
  • India earns 10% of its total exports from fisheries.
  • India is also the fourth largest exporter of fish in revenue terms.
  • The contribution of fisheries to the Gross Domestic Product is about 1% and about 5.37% to the Agricultural GDP.

Source: The Hindu.


Swachh Mahotsav 2019

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.

Context

  • Swachh Mahotsav 2019 was held at Vigyan Bhavan in New Delhi.
  • Swachh Mahotsav was organised by the Union Ministry of Jal Shakti. 
  • On this occasion, President of India presented the Swachh Bharat Awards in various categories.

Background

  • Best Swachh Iconic Place was awarded to Vaishno Devi Shrine Board in Jammu and Kashmir and Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CST), Mumbai.
  • Swachh Award in Swachhta Action Plan category was awarded to the Ministry of Railways.
  • Award for Open Defecation Free (ODF) and Behavior Change were given to Gujarat and Sikkim. 

About Swachh Iconic Places (SIP)

  • The Swachh Iconic Places is an initiative under the Swachh Bharat Mission.
  • It is a special clean-up initiative focused on select iconic heritage, spiritual and cultural places in the country.
  • The initiative is being coordinated by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation in association with the Ministry of Urban Development, Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Tourism and the concerned State governments.
  • The Swachh Iconic Place award is given on the basis of (a) action plan accomplishment (b) participation of stakeholders (c)funds leveraged and utilised (d)evidence of difference and (e)cleanliness in the surrounding areas. 

Highlights

  • SAP was launched in 2017 with the active participation of 72 Ministries and Departments. 
  • It is one of the flagship initiatives of the Prime Minister towards making Swachh Bharat everyone’s business.
  • It aims at engaging all wings of the Government in the Swachh Bharat Mission programme.
  • Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a cleanliness campaign initiated by Govt. of India in 2014.
  • It seeks to achieve a Clean India by 2019 as a tribute to the 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • It has two sub-missions-Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) and Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban).

Source: The Hindu. 


National Animal Disease Control Programme

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

Why in News?

  • Prime Minister will launch National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis on 11 September 2019 in Mathura.
  • National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis is a 100% centrally funded programme.
  • It aims to control Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis by 2025 with vaccination and eventual eradication by 2030.

Background

  • Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a severe, highly contagious viral disease of livestock that has a significant economic impact.
  • The disease affects cattle, swine, sheep, goats and other cloven-hoofed ruminants.
  • FMD virus belongs to risk group 4 as per World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) Aphthovirus genus of the picornaviridae family.
  • FMD can spread when infected animals bring the virus into physical contact with susceptible animals. 
  • If a cow/buffalo gets infected with FMD, the milk loss is upto 100% which could last for four to six months. 

Highlights

  • Brucellosis is a zoonotic infection caused by the bacterial genus Brucella.
  • The bacteria are transmitted from animals to humans by ingestion through infected food products, direct contact with an infected animal or inhalation of aerosols.
  • The disease is also known as undulant fever, Malta fever, and Mediterranean fever.
  • In case of Brucellosis the milk output reduces by 30% during the entire life cycle of animal.
  • Brucellosis also causes infertility amongst the animals.

Source: The Hindu.


India-China Strategic Economic Dialogue

Focus: GS2.

Topic: India and its neighbourhood- relations.

Context

  • The 6th India-China Strategic Economic Dialogue (SED) will be held in New Delhi from 7-9 September 2019.
  • India-China Strategic Economic Dialogue is a bilateral dialogue platform between the Niti Aayog and the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) of China.
  • The idea of having such a dialogue was first floated by the then Chinese Premier on his visit to India in 2010.
  • As a result, the first India-China SED was held in 2011 in Beijing, China.

Background

  • The objective of the dialogue is to discuss challenges and explore possibilities of cooperation between sectors that are strategically important for the economic growth of the two countries.
  • The 6th strategic dialogue will focus on collaboration between the two countries on areas of infrastructure, energy, high-tech, resource conservation, pharmaceuticals and policy coordination.  

About NITI Aayog

  • The NITI Aayog was formed via a resolution of the Union Cabinet on January 1, 2015.
  • It is the premier policy ‘Think Tank’ of the Government of India providing both directional and policy inputs.
  • It had replaced planning commission as the premier think tank.
  • The NITI Aayog has been mandated with fostering cooperative federalism through structured support initiatives and mechanisms with the States on a continuous basis recognizing that strong States make a strong nation.
  • It also seeks to design and assist the implementation of strategic, long term policy frameworks and programme initiatives and also monitor their progress and efficacy.

Source: The Hindu.

Map of the Day–France


Image result for france map


Quote for the Day


"What the superior man seeks is in himself ; what the small man seeks is in others."  – Confucius


Mains Answer Writing


1.Discuss the salient features of Mobile Science Exhibition (SCIENCE EXPLORER).

2.Explain the significance of maritime route between Chennai to Vladivostok.

3.Critically analyse the National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis.

 

Test your Knowledge


1. Consider the following statements 

1.Mobile Science Exhibition (SCIENCE EXPLORER) was flagged in Chennai.
2.The exhibitions are organized by the National Council of Science Museums (NCSM). 
3.The First MSE was launched by Birla Industrial and Technological Museum (BITM), Kolkata in the year 1965.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


2. Consider the following statements:

1.Vladivostok is located on the Golden Horn Bay north of North Korea.
2.Vladivostok is the largest port on Russia’s Pacific coast.
3.It is also a home to the Pacific Fleet of the NATO forces.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


3. Consider the following statements:

1.Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) was constituted in 1972 under the Marine Products Export Development Authority Act, 1972. 
2.It functions under the Department of Commerce, Government of India.
3.It is headquartered in New Delhi.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


4.Consider the following statements:

1.Swachh Mahotsav was organised by the Union Ministry of Jal Shakti.  
2.The Swachh Iconic Places is an initiative under the Swachh Bharat Mission.
3.Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a cleanliness campaign initiated by Govt. of India in 2015.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


5.SATARK mobile app was an initiative of?

a.Karnataka

b.Odisha

c.Telangana

d.Kerala


Answers

  1. B 2.A 3.A 4.A 5.B