Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 11th September 2019


India to raise target for restoring degraded land: PM Modi

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Image result for India to raise target for restoring degraded land: PM Modi

Context

  • Indian Prime Minister has addressed the 14th Conference of Parties (COP14) of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).
  • Prime Minister announced that between 2019 and 2030, India will raise target of restoring land with degraded status from 21 million hectares to 26 million by 2030.  

Background

  • PM has also announced India’s proposal to set up a global technical support institute for the member countries of the UNCCD for their capacity building and support regarding the Land Degradation Neutrality Target Setting Program.
  • He also acknowledged the importance of the role of water.
  • He called upon UNCCD to conceive a “Global Water Action Agenda” which is central to the Land Degradation Neutrality strategy.
  • Further, the PM also said that in order to develop a scientific approach and facilitate induction of technology to land degradation issues, India has decided to set up a centre for excellence in India at the Indian Council for Forest Research and Education (ICFRE). 

About Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN)

  • It is defined as a state where the amount and quality of land resources necessary to support ecosystem functions and services and enhance food security, remains stable or increases within specified temporal and spatial scales and ecosystems
  • Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 15.3 envisions to combat desertification,  restore degraded land and soil, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world by 2030.
  • There are three global indicators for LDN: 1) Land cover (land cover change); 2) Land productivity (net primary productivity); 3) Carbon stocks (soil organic carbon,)
  • India’s target for LDN is 30 million hectares by 2030.

Source: The Hindu.


Government may bring in ordinance to ban manufacture and sale of e-cigarettes

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Image result for Govt may bring in ordinance to ban manufacture and sale of e-cigarettes

Context

  • The Union cabinet is likely to approve an ordinance prohibiting the manufacture and sale of e-cigarettes.
  • E-cigarettes are also known as Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS). 

About E-Cigarettes

  • They are battery powered devices that work by heating a liquid into an aerosol that the user inhales and exhales.
  • The e-cigarette liquid typically contains nicotine, propylene glycol, glycerin, flavorings, and other chemicals. 

Concerns and Regulations

  • E-cigarettes contain nicotine which may lead to new tobacco addiction.
  • E-cigarettes causes respiratory, cardiovascular and neurological disorders and adverse impact on foetal development and pregnancy.
  • According to WHO report, nicotine itself is not a carcinogen.
  • But it may function as a tumour promoter and seems to be involved in the biology of malignant disease as well as of neuro-degeneration.
  • As e-cigarettes contain nicotine and not tobacco, they do not fall within the ambit of the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act, 2003 (COTPA).
  • The COTPA act mandates stringent health warnings on the packaging and advertisements of tobacco products.

Source: The Hindu.


Centre asks States to identify accident-prone spots

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important aspects of governance

Context

  • The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has issued guidelines to States for identifying accident ‘black spots’ on national highways and rectifying them.
  • A black spot is defined as a stretch not more than 500m in length where five accidents have taken place or where ten fatalities have happened in the last three years.

Black spots

  • Black spots account for 90% of road accidents in the country.
  • Hence, the measure chalked out by the government to curb accidents in such spots assumes significance.

Statistics

  • According to the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways data,road accidents in India has killed around 1.5 lakh people every year between 2015 and 2017.
  • This works out to a daily average of 400 or more deaths in each of the three years.
  • Further, World Health Organisation (WHO)’s Global Status report on Road Safety has also stated that road accidents are the leading cause of death among people in the 5-29 age-group worldwide.
  • According to the report, India might be losing 2,99,000 people each year due to road accidents.

Source: The Hindu.


Motihari-Amalekhgunj petroleum pipeline

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Context

  • Indian Prime Minister and Nepal Prime Minister will inaugurate the Motihari Amlekhgunj petroleum pipeline. 
  • The Motihari-Amlekhgunj oil pipeline project was first proposed in 1996. 
  • However, the project finally started during Indian Prime Minister’s visit to Nepal in 2014.  

About the pipeline

  • The project is a 69-kilometre long petroleum pipeline which connects Motihari (Bihar) to Amelkhgunj (Nepal). 
  • The project has been constructed by India.
  • This is the first transnational petroleum pipeline from India and and first South Asian oil pipeline corridor.
  • The pipeline will drastically reduce the cost of transporting fuel to landlocked Nepal from India.
  • The Amlekhgunj fuel depot will have the capacity to store up to 16,000 kilolitres of petroleum products.
  • The project will also ensure smooth,cost-effective and environmentally friendly supply of petroleum products to Nepal and will also help in tackling the oil storage problem in Nepal.

Source: The Hindu. 


Integrated Battle Groups on Pakistan, China borders soon

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

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Why in News?

  • Indian Army is planning to raise Integrated Battle Groups (IBGs) along the borders with Pakistan and China that will help it carry out swift strikes in case of war. 
  • IBGs are brigade-sized, agile, self-sufficient combat formations which can swiftly launch strikes against adversary in case of hostilities.  

About IBG

  • Each IBG would be tailor-made based on Threat, Terrain and Task and resources will be allotted based on the three Ts.
  • They need to be light so they will be low on logistics and they will be able to mobilise within 12-48 hrs based on the location.
  • The IBGs will also be defensive and offensive.
  • While the offensive IBGs would quickly mobilise and make thrust into enemy territory for strikes, 
  • On the other hand, the defensive IBGs would hold ground at vulnerable points or where enemy action is expected.
  • The composition of the IBGs would also depend on this. 

Highlights

  • IBGS ensure better integration and self-sufficiency as compared to the existing formations, allowing it to strike harder and quicker across the border.
  • A brigade during hostilities has to wait to be augmented by different types of units which increases the time to mobilise.

Source: The Hindu.


Asian Development Bank (ADB)

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate. 

Context

  • India and Asian Development Bank (ADB) has signed $200 million loan agreement for upgrading rural roads in 34 districts of Maharashtra to improve road safety. 
  • The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established on 19 December 1966.  

About ADB

  • ADB is headquartered in Manila, Philippines.
  • It aims to promote social and economic development in Asia.
  • It assists its members and partners by providing loans, technical assistance, grants and equity investments to promote social and economic development.
  • ADB has 67 members, of which 48 are from within Asia and the Pacific and 19 outside. 
  • Japan and US holds the largest proportion of shares in ADB followed by China, India and Australia. ADB is also an official United Nations Observer.

Source: The Hindu.


Map of the Day–Philippines


Image result for philippines map


Quote for the Day


"Everything flows, and nothing abides, everything gives way, and nothing stays fixed."--Heraclitus


Mains Answer Writing


1.India will raise target of restoring land with degraded status from 21 million hectares to 26 million by 2030. Critically analyse.
2.Discuss the concerns and regulations of E-cigarettes.
3.Explain how Motihari Amlekhgunj petroleum pipeline will boost bilateral ties.

 

Test your Knowledge


1. Consider the following statements 

1.The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established on 19 December 1966. 
2.China and India holds the largest proportion of shares in ADB
3.ADB is also not an official United Nations Observer.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


2. Consider the following statements:

1.A black spot is defined as a stretch not more than 5000m in length where five accidents have taken place or where ten fatalities have happened in the last three years. 
2.Black spots account for 90% of road accidents in the country. 
3.The guidelines was issued by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways .

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


3. Consider the following statements:

1.The Motihari-Amlekhgunj oil pipeline project was first proposed in 2006.  
2.The project is a 69-kilometre long petroleum pipeline which connects Motihari (Uttarakhand) to Amelkhgunj (Nepal).  
3.This is the first transnational petroleum pipeline from India and and first South Asian oil pipeline corridor. 

Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


4.Consider the following statements:

1.North Eastern Council (NEC) was constituted as a statutory advisory body under the NEC Act, 1971. 
2.The council functions under the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India.
3.Minister of State (Independent Charge), Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) is the ex-officio Chairman of the Council.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


5.Which is the first state in the country that has created the Happiness Department in 2016?

a.Kerala
b.Sikkim
c.Assam
d.Madhya Pradesh

 

Answers

  1. B 2.B 3.A 4.A 5.D