Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 18th September 2019


Goods and services tax (GST) Network

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Image result for Goods And Services Tax (GST) Network

Context

  • Goods and Services Tax Network (GSTN) has decided to make Aadhaar authentication mandatory for new dealers from January 2020 to check malpractices in GST.
  • The GST Network (GSTN) is a non-profit organization.
  • It has been established to manage the entire IT system of the GST portal. 

About GST Network

  • This portal is used by the government to track every financial transaction and it also provides taxpayers with all services from registration to filing taxes and maintaining all tax details.
  • The GSTN was initially held by the Central Government with 24.5% of shares while the state government held 24.5%.
  • The remaining 51% were held by non-Government financial institutions.
  • However, later it was made a wholly owned government company having equal shares of state and central government. 

About Aadhar

  • The Aadhaar number is a verifiable twelve-digit unique identity number issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) to the residents of India.
  • It is linked with the resident’s demographic and biometric information.
  • The Aadhaar project was conceptualised in the year 2006 and launched in the year 2009 with the creation of Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI).
  • The Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016 provides legislative backing to the project.

Source: The Hindu.


Army to get indigenous tank ammunition

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Context

  • The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) has approved the indigenous development of ammunition for the Army’s T-90 tanks.
  • The T-90S ‘Bhishma’ is a main battle tank of the Indian Army.

About T-90

  • India had procured T-90 from Russia in 2001 and deliveries started in 2004.
  • The tank is equipped with a new turret weapon station with an upgraded 125mm gun. 
  • The tanks also sport an advanced and highly automated digital fire control system (FCS) to annihilate enemy tanks, self-propelled guns and other armoured targets. 
  • The tank also has a guided missile system which can destroy armoured targets including those equipped with explosive reactive armour (ERA) and has a range up to 5 kilometres. 
  • The tank has a protection system to insulate and help its crew operate in a Nuclear-Biological-Chemical attack environment.

About DAC

  • Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) is the highest decision making body for military procurement.
  • It was formed in 2001.
  • It is headed by Defence minister.
  • The objective of the DAC is to ensure expeditious procurement of the approved requirements of the Armed Forces, in terms of capabilities sought and time frame prescribed by optimally utilizing the allocated budgetary resources.
  • DAC also gives policy guidelines to acquisitions based on long-term procurement plans.
  • It also clears all acquisitions including imported equipment and those produced indigenously or under a foreign licence.

Source: The Hindu.


Survey of India to deploy 300 drones for mapping country

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

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Context

  • The Survey of India (SoI), will for the first time, use about 300 drones to map the country.
  • The map being prepared through the drones will be of 1:500 resolution, meaning 1 cm on the map will represent 500 cm on the ground.
  • At present, the best SoI maps have a resolution of 1:2500 meaning a 1 cm on the map represents 2500 cm on the ground.

Background

  • The drone mapping will help SoI in getting unprecedented detail of India’s landscape.
  • It will also help creating high resolution maps of land in villages facilitating the digitisation of land titles in villages. 

About Survey of India

  • Survey of India is the national survey and mapping organization of India.
  • It functions under the Department of Science & Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology.
  • It was set up in 1767 and is the oldest scientific department of India.
  • It provides user focused, cost effective, and reliable and quality geospatial data, information and intelligence to meet the needs of national security, sustainable national development and information markets.

Source: The Hindu. 


JALDOOT

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Why in News?

  • Union Minister for Environment, Forest & Climate Change has launched the ‘Jaldoot’ initiative.
  • Jaldoot is a unique initiative that is designed to take the message of water conservation to the masses. 

About Jaldoot

  • This initiative was launched by the Regional Outreach Bureau (ROB) in association with MSRTC (Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation).
  • Under this initiative, a bus has been designed to create the Jaldoot: A Travelling Exhibition on Jalshakti Abhiyan.
  • The exhibition shall consists of various information display panels and audio-visual components among others to create awareness on water conservation efforts. 

About Jal Shakti Abhiyan

  • Jal Shakti Abhiyan is a time-bound, mission mode, water conservation and irrigation efficiency campaign for water security in India. 
  • It aims at making water conservation and promotion of irrigation efficiency a ‘jan andolan’ (public campaign) through asset creation and communication campaigns in rural India.
  • The campaign focuses on five key aspects which includes : a) Water conservation and rainwater harvesting, b) Renovation of water bodies, c) Renovation of bore well recharge structures, d) Watershed development and e) intensive afforestation.

Source: The Hindu.


India’s Cooling Action Plan (ICAP)

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Context

  • India’s Cooling Action Plan (ICAP) has been appreciated internationally by the United Nations (UN) on World Ozone Day.
  • India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP) was launched in 2019 the Union Minister for Ministry for Environment, Forest & Climate Change.
  • The goal of ICAP is to provide sustainable cooling and thermal comfort for all while securing environmental & socio-economic benefits for the society.

Aims and Objectives

  • Provide an integrated approach towards cooling and related areas including reduction in the cooling demand, in order to reduce emissions. 
  • Assessment of cooling requirements across the sectors in the next 20 years and the associated refrigerant demand and energy use. 
  • Map the technologies available to cater the cooling requirement including passive interventions, refrigerant-based technologies and alternative technologies such as not-in-kind technologies. 
  • Providing skill training to RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning) service technicians. 
  • Develop an R&D innovation ecosystem for indigenous development of alternative technologies. 

Background

  • When most research is being done by using taxpayers’ money, the scientific establishment has an ethical obligation of “giving back” to the society.
  • SSR is not only about scientific impact upon society but also about the social impact upon science.
  • SSR would therefore strengthen the knowledge ecosystem and bring efficiencies in harnessing science for the benefit of society,” says the draft policy.
  • This draft policy builds upon traditions of earlier policies (Scientific Policy Resolution 1958, Technology Policy Statement 1983, S&T Policy 2003 and Sci-Tech and Innovation Policy 2013).
  • The new policy is proposing more pragmatic provisions to make institutions and individual scientists socially responsible. 

Targets

  • Reducing cooling demand across sectors by 20-25% by 2037-38
  • Reduce refrigerant demand by 25-30%by 2037-38
  • Reduce cooling energy requirements by 25-40% by 2037-38
  • Recognize “cooling & related areas” as a thrust areas of research under national S&T program
  • Training & certification of 100,000 servicing sector technicians by 2022-23, synergizing with Skill India Mission. 

Highlights

  • Thermal comfort for all – provision for cooling for EWS and LIG housing.
  • Sustainable cooling – low greenhouse gas(GHG) emissions related to cooling.
  • Doubling Farmers Income – better cold chain infrastructure – better value of products to farmers, less wastage of produce.
  • Skilled workforce for better livelihoods and environmental protection.
  • Make in India – domestic manufacturing of air-conditioning and related cooling equipment.
  • Robust R&D on alternative cooling technologies – to provide the push to innovation in a cooling sector.

Source: The Hindu. 


UN appoints Indian Army veteran Abhijit Guha as head of Hodeidah mission

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Image result for UN appoints Indian Army veteran Abhijit Guha as head of Hodeidah mission

Context

  • United Nations (UN) has appointed India’s Lieutenant General (Retired) Abhijit Guha as the head of UN mission in Hodeidah, Yemen.
  • In January 2019, United Nations (UN) had decided to establish a United Nations Mission to support the Hodeidah Agreement (UNMHA). 

About UNMHA

  • It is a special mission to oversee governorate-wide ceasefire, mine action operations and redeployment of forces in Yemen.
  • Lieutenant General (Retired) Abhijit Guha will lead the UN Mission in support of Hodeidah Agreement (UNMHA).
  • Besides, he will also assume the chair of Redeployment Coordination Committee (RCC).
  • RCC is responsible for redeploying forces of Yemeni warring parties in accordance with their agreement. 

About Hodeidah Agreement

  • In December 2018, the Houthis and the government forces had agreed to withdraw from Hudaydah port to allow in vital humanitarian aid.
  • Hudaydah port is the principal lifeline for two-thirds of Yemen’s population.
  • Its closure had a devastating impact on the Yemen.
  • The Yemeni Civil War is an ongoing conflict that began in 2015.It is the tussle between two factions claiming to constitute the Yemeni government.
  • One is Yemen’s Shia Houthi rebels, loyal to the former President.
  • They are in clashes with forces loyal to the current government.
  • Further, Saudi Arabia had launched military operations to restore the Yemeni government which was overthrown by Houthi.
  • The Saudi-led coalition is backed by the U.S.

Source: The Hindu.


Map of the Day–North Pole


Image result for arctic map


Quote for the Day


“God is not present in idols. Your feelings are your god. The soul is your temple.” – Chanakya


Mains Answer Writing


1.Comment on the working of GST Network.
2.Critically analyse the salient features of the recently launched ‘ Jaldoot’ initiative.
3.Explain the India’s Cooling Action Plan.

 

Test your Knowledge


1. Consider the following statements 

1.The GST Network (GSTN) is a non-profit organization.
2.The GSTN was initially held by the Central Government with 51% of shares.
3.Non-Government financial institutions have a share of 24.5%

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


2. Consider the following statements:

1.The Aadhaar number is a verifiable twelve-digit unique identity number.
2.It is issued by MHA.
3.It is linked with the resident’s demographic and biometric information.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


3. Consider the following statements:

1.Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) is the highest decision making body for military procurement.
2.It was formed in 2001.
3.It is headed by Home minister.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


4.Consider the following statements:

1.Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves Limited (ISPRL) is a Special Purpose Vehicle.
2.It is a wholly owned subsidiary of Oil Industry Development Board (OIDB).
3.It is under the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


5.Houthi rebels belong to?

a.Yemen
b.Pakistan
c.Afghanistan
d.Israel

 

Answers

  1. B 2.C 3.A 4.D 5.A