Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 19th September 2019


Leadership for Academicians Program (LEAP)

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Image result for leadership for academicians program (leap)

Context

  • Union Human Resource Development Minister has launched the Leadership for Academicians Programme (LEAP), 2019.
  • LEAP is a three weeks leadership development training programme (2 weeks domestic and one week foreign training) for second level academic functionaries in public funded higher education institutions.  

About LEAP

  • The main objective is to prepare second tier academic heads that are potentially likely to assume leadership roles in the future.
  • The programme would provide senior faculty with high academic credentials, the required leadership and managerial skills including skills of problem-solving, handling stress, team building work among others.
  • The implementation of programme will be through 15 NIRF top ranked Indian Institutions namely.
  • The foreign Universities identified for the training are also within the top 100 in the world global rankings. 

About NIRF

  • The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) was launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) in 2015.
  • It provides ranking to institutions and universities across India.
  • The different parameters taken into account for ranking are: a) Teaching Learning and Resources, b) Research Professional Practice & Collaborative Performance, c) Graduation outcome, d) Outreach and Inclusivity and e) perception by the institution by its stakeholders.
  • The different categories for which rankings are given include Engineering, Management, Pharmacy, Medical, Architecture, Law, Universities and Colleges.
  • The rankings are being published annually since 2016.
  • The Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IIT-Madras) has topped overall in the NIRF rankings, 2019.

Source: The Hindu.


Annual Refresher Programme in Teaching (ARPIT)

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Context

  • Union Human Resource Development Minister has launched the Annual Refresher Programme in Teaching (ARPIT), 2019.
  • ARPIT is a major initiative of online professional development of 15 lakh higher education faculty using the Massive Open Online Courses platform SWAYAM. 

About ARPIT

  • The courses are meant for all in-service teachers and faculties in order to enhance their career prospects.
  • The courses cover a diverse range of topics such as Indian culture & Heritage Studies, Pedagogical Innovations & Research Methodology among others.
  • For implementing, 75 discipline-specific institutions have been identified and notified as National Resource Centres (NRCs) in the first phase.
  • These institutions are tasked to prepare online training material with focus on latest developments in the discipline, new & emerging trends, pedagogical improvements and methodologies.

About SWAYAM

  • SWAYAM (Study Webs of Active–Learning for Young Aspiring Minds) is a programme initiated by the Government of India.
  • It is designed to achieve the three cardinal principles of Education Policy namely access, equity and quality. 
  • The objective of this effort is to take the best teaching learning resources to all including the most disadvantaged.
  • It seeks to bridge the digital divide for students who have remained untouched by the digital revolution and have not been able to join the mainstream of the knowledge economy. 
  • This is done through an indigenous developed IT platform that facilitates hosting of all the courses taught in classrooms to be accessed by anyone, anywhere at any time.

Source: The Hindu.


NIRVIK Scheme

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

Image result for Nirvik Scheme

Context

  • Ministry of Commerce & Industry through Export Credit Guarantee Corporation (ECGC) has introduced a new Export Credit Insurance Scheme (ECIS) called NIRVIK.
  • The scheme aims to ease the lending process and enhance loan availability for exporters. 

About the scheme

  • Under the scheme, the insurance cover guaranteed will cover up to 90% of the principal and interest.
  • The insurance cover will include both pre and post-shipment credit.
  • Currently, the Export Credit Guarantee Corporation of India (ECGC) provides credit guarantee of up to 60 percent loss. 

Benefits

  • This scheme will help make Indian exports competitive and make ECGC procedures exporter friendly, benefiting MSME exporters.
  • The insurance cover is also expected to bring down the cost of credit due to capital relief, less provision requirement and liquidity due to quick settlement of claims. 

About ECGC

  • ECGC is a premier export credit agency of the Government of India to provide Export Credit Insurance Services to facilitate exports from the country.
  • It was founded in 1957.It is headquartered at Mumbai.
  • The ECGC offers credit insurance schemes to exporters to protect them against losses due to non-payment of export dues by overseas buyers due to political or commercial risks.

Source: The Hindu. 


SITMEX-19

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Why in News?

  • A maiden trilateral exercise involving the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN), Royal Thailand Navy (RTN) and Indian Navy (IN) has commenced at Port Blair.
  • The maritime exercise is a five-day-long exercise. 

About the exercise

  • The exercise is aimed at bolstering the maritime inter-relationships amongst India, Singapore and Thailand and contribute significantly to enhancing the overall maritime security in the region.
  • The exercise would also strengthen the mutual confidence amongst three navies in terms of interoperability and development of a common understanding of procedures.
  • The ships that are participating from the Indian side are (a) Ranvir- a Guided Missile Destroyer (b)Kora- a missile corvette (c) Sukanya- an Offshore Patrol Vessel and (d)P8I- Long Range Maritime Reconnaissance aircraft. 

Highlights

  • Exercise SIMBEX– It is a bilateral naval exercise between Indian Navy and the Republic of Singapore Navy.
  • Exercise Maitree- It is a bilateral military exercise between India and Thailand. The Exercise MAITREE-2019 is being held at Foreign Training Node, Meghalaya from 16-29 Sep 2019.

Source: The Hindu.


Astra Missile

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Context

  • Indian Air Force has successfully flight-tested Astra missile off the coast of Odisha. 
  • Astra is the indigenously developed Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile (BVRAAM). 

About the missile

  • The BVRAAM technology enables fighter-pilots to shoot precisely at the enemy targets which are beyond their visual range.
  • The missile has been developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • The missile has a range of over 70 km.
  • It can fly towards the target at a speed of over 5,555 km per hour.
  • The missile has a 15-kilogramme high-explosive pre-fragmented warhead and the missile is also capable of engaging targets of different ranges and altitudes.
  • Further, Astra missile also has some highly advanced features like Electronic Counter-Countermeasures or ECCM.
  • This feature enables Astra missile to overcome defensive measures put forth for the target by the enemy.

Source: The Hindu. 


Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) scheme

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Context

  • Government has planned to link MGNREGA scheme wages to an updated inflation index.
  • This is aimed at increasing wages and reviving rural demand. 

About MGNREGA

  • The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) is an employment guarantee act
  • It was introduced in 2005 through the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005.
  • The Act aims to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. 
  • Ministry of Rural Development (MRD), Government of India in association with state governments monitors the implementation of the scheme. 

Features

  • Demand driven scheme: Worker to be hired when he demands and not when the Government wants it.
  • Gram Panchayat is mandated to provide employment within 15 days of work application failing which worker is entitled to unemployment allowance
  • Payment of wages within 15 days of competition of work failing which worker is entitled to delay compensation of 0.05%/ day of wages earned. 

Concerns

  • Insufficient budget allocation
  • Poor wages rate
  • Delay in wage payments
  • Fabrication of job cards: Payments to fictitious workers
  • Ineffective grievance redressal
  • Large number of incomplete work
  • Poor quality of assets created. 

Measures

  • Proper and timely allocation of funds
  • Ensuring minimum wages for workers
  • Effective monitoring of projects
  • Ensuring employment to rural households as per demand for work.
  • Proper job card verification
  • Ensuring efficient grievance redressal mechanism.

Source: The Hindu.


Map of the Day–Singapore


http://www.drishtiias.com/images/uploads/1568706362_image1.jpg


Quote for the Day


“Learning is not Child’s play; we cannot learn without pain” – Aristotle


Mains Answer Writing


1.Discuss the impacts of Leadership for Academicians Programme (LEAP).
2.Explain the features and benefits of NIRVIK Scheme.
3.Critically analyse the working of MGNREGA Act.

 

Test your Knowledge


1. Consider the following statements 

1.Leadership for Academicians Programme (LEAP) has been launched by Ministry of Social Justice.
2.National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) provides ranking to institutions and universities across India.
3.The Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai has topped overall in the NIRF rankings, 2019.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


2. Consider the following statements:

1.NIRVIK scheme is launched by Ministry of Commerce & Industry.
2.The scheme aims to ease the lending process and enhance loan availability for exporters.
3.Under the scheme, the insurance cover guaranteed will cover up to 100% of the principal and interest.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


3. Consider the following statements:

1.ECGC is a premier export credit agency of the Government of India to provide Export Credit Insurance Services to facilitate exports from the country.
2.It was founded in 1957.
3.It is headquartered at Chennai.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


4.Consider the following statements:

1.Exercise SIMBEX is a bilateral military exercise between India and Thailand.
2.Exercise Maitree is a bilateral naval exercise between Indian Navy and the Republic of Singapore Navy.
3.The Exercise MAITREE-2019 is being held at Foreign Training Node, Meghalaya.

Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


5.Astra missile is developed by?

a.ISRO
b.DRDO
c.Ordinance Factory
d.BHEL

 

Answers

  1. C 2.A 3.A 4.A 5.B