Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 20th September 2019


Rustom-2

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Context

  • Rustom-2 has crashed during a trial at Karnataka’s Chitradurga district.
  • Rustom 2 is part of the Rustom line of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) that includes Rustom-I, Rustom-H and Rustom-C. 

About Rustom-2

  • The drone was developed for use by all three services of the Indian armed forces primarily for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) operations.
  • The drone can fly at over 22,000 ft and is a medium-altitude long endurance (MALE) UAV that has an approximate flight time of 20 hours.
  • Rustom 2 can fly missions on manual as well as autonomous modes.
  • The onboard way-point navigation system allows the drone to conduct missions autonomously.
  • The drone can carry a variety of payloads like Medium and long Range Electro Optic, Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), Electronic Intelligence (ELINT) and Situational Awareness Payloads (SAP) that helps in performing missions even during the night. 

About UAVs

  • Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or unmanned aircraft systems (UASes) are also known as drones.
  • The drones may be remotely controlled or fly autonomously through software-controlled flight plans in their embedded systems working in conjunction with onboard sensors and GPS.

Source: The Hindu.


ISRO, DRDO join hands for Gaganyaan project

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

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Context

  • Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) has signed MoUs to jointly develop systems that will aid and enhance the Gaganyaan project.
  • Gaganyaan is India’s first Human Space Flight Programme to be launched by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) by 2022.

About Gaganyaan

  • The programme will make India the fourth nation in the world to launch a Human Spaceflight Mission.
  • So far, only the USA, Russia and China have launched human spaceflight missions.
  • The spacecraft will consists of a service module and a crew module, collectively known as the Orbital Module.
  • The Orbital Module will have three Indian astronauts.
  • It will circle Earth at a low-earth-orbit at an altitude of 300-400 km from earth for 5-7 days.
  • GSLV Mk III also called the LVM-3 (Launch Vehicle Mark-3) will be used to launch Gaganyaan as it has the necessary payload capability.
  • Further, ISRO will receive assistance from the French space agency CNES in terms of expertise in various fields including space medicine, astronaut health monitoring, radiation protection and life support.

Source: The Hindu.


Dr Kalam Smriti International Excellence Award

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests.

Image result for Dr Kalam Smriti International Excellence Award

Context

  • Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has been conferred the Dr Kalam Smriti International Excellence Award 2019.
  • She has been awarded for her vision of a peaceful and prosperous South Asia and her contribution to fostering cooperation between India and Bangladesh. 

About the award

  • The award has been instituted in the memory of former Indian President Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.
  • The award is given every year to honour statesmen or leaders who have shown excellence in their fields to achieve the best for their countries.
  • Earlier, the Presidents of the Maldives, Ghana and Mauritius had received the award since its introduction in 2015.
  • The award is presented by Dale View, a non-governmental organisation registered under the Charitable Societies Act.
  • It was created in 1978 in Kerala to bring about socio-economic development to rural areas through education.

Source: The Hindu. 


Paraquat herbicide

Focus: GS3.

Topic:agricultural produce and issues

Why in News?

  • Doctors in Odisha’s has urged the Odisha government to ban the paraquat herbicide that has killed around 170 people in the last two years. 
  • Paraquat is a toxic chemical that is widely used as an herbicide (plant killer), primarily for weed and grass control.

About Paraquat

  • The herbicide has been banned in 32 countries including Switzerland, where herbicide producing company Syngenta is based.
  • Paraquat also figures on the list of 99 pesticides and herbicides that the Supreme Court is hearing to ban in an ongoing case.
  • So far in India, only Kerala has banned the herbicide.
  • However, Paraquat is yet to be listed in the prior informed consent (PIC) of the Rotterdam Convention.
  • There is no alternative treatment for people who have consumed this herbicide.
  • The consumers who has consumed it has complained of kidney, liver and lung problems.

About Rotterdam convention

  • The Rotterdam Convention was adopted on 10 September,1998 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
  • The Convention entered into force in 2004.
  • The convention is also known as the Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade.
  • India is a party to the convention with 161 other parties.
  • The convention aims to promote shared responsibilities in relation to importation of hazardous chemicals.
  • The convention provides open exchange of information and calls on exporters of hazardous chemicals to use proper labeling, include directions on safe handling and inform purchasers of any known restrictions or bans.
  • Further, the signatory nations can decide whether to allow or ban the importation of chemicals listed in the treaty and exporting countries are obliged to make sure that producers within their jurisdiction comply.

Source: The Hindu.


Committee to review Companies, LLP Acts

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. 

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Context

  • Government of India has constituted the company law committee for examining and making recommendations on various provisions and issues related to implementation of the Companies Act.
  • The committee will consist of 11-members which will be chaired by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) secretary Injeti Srinivas.

About the committee

  • The committee will submit its recommendations on offences both compoundable and non-compoundable which could be recategorised as civil offences under the Companies Act, 2013.
  • The panel will propose measures to improve the functioning of the National Company Law Tribunal.
  • The committee will also examine the feasibility of introducing settlement mechanism, deferred prosecution agreement within the fold of the Companies Act, 2013.
  • Further, it will also study the existing framework under the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008 and suggest measures to plug the gaps, if any, to enhance the ease of doing business. 

Highlights

  • Compoundable offences are those that are punishable with a fine or with a fine or imprisonment or both.
  • Non-compoundable offences are those offences which are punishable with imprisonment only or punishable with imprisonment and fine.
  • The Companies Act 2013 is an Act of the Parliament of India on Indian company law.
  • Company means a company incorporated under this Act or under any previous Company Law.
  • The law regulates incorporation of a company, responsibilities of a company, directors and dissolution of a company.  

About LLP, 2008

  • The Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008 was enacted by the Parliament of India to introduce and legally sanction the concept of LLP in India.
  • A limited liability partnership (LLP) is a partnership in which some or all partners (depending on the jurisdiction) have limited liabilities.
  • In an LLP, each partner is not responsible or liable for another partner’s misconduct or negligence.
  • This is an important difference from the traditional unlimited partnership in which each partner has joint and several liability.

Source: The Hindu. 


National Recruitment Agency (NRA)

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Context

  • A new National Recruitment Agency (NRA) will be set up to streamline recruitment process on subordinate-rank posts in the government.
  • The proposal new agency is meant to streamline the recruitment process on subordinate-rank posts in the government. 

About NRA

  • It will also reduce the burden of the Staff Selection Commission (SSC) and the Institute of Banking Personnel Selection(IBPS) from holding preliminary recruitment exams which is an extensive exercise. 
  • Once set up, NRA will work as a preliminary single-window agency to shortlist qualifying candidates from the bulk of applicants and forward the list to SSC, IBPS to hold the mains.
  • However, the proposed agency will not be in charge of recruitment of Probationary Officers (PO) in banks. 

About SSC and IBPS

  • The Staff Selection Commission is an attached office of the Department of Personnel and Training.
  • It was constituted as the Subordinate Services Commission in 1975 which was subsequently re-designated as Staff Selection Commission in 1977.
  • SSC makes recruitment to various Group “B” and Group “C” posts in the various Ministries/Departments of the Government of India and in Subordinate Offices.
  • IBPS is an autonomous body that is mainly engaged in conducting competitive exams for recruitment to clerical and officers’ posts in the banking sector.

Source: The Hindu.


Map of the Day–China


Image result for china map


Quote for the Day


"Success depends upon previous preparation, and without such preparation, there is sure to be failure."  - Confucius


Mains Answer Writing


1.Explain the significance and highlights of Gaganyaan Project.
2.Discuss the side effects of paraquat herbicide.
3.Critically analyse the salient features of Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008.

 

Test your Knowledge


1. Consider the following statements 

1.The Staff Selection Commission is an attached office of the Department of Personnel and Training.
2.SSC makes recruitment to various Group “A” posts in the various Ministries/Departments of the Government of India and in Subordinate Offices.
3.It was constituted as the Subordinate Services Commission in 1975 which was subsequently re-designated as Staff Selection Commission in 1977.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


2. Consider the following statements:

1.Compoundable offences offences are those offences which are punishable with imprisonment only or punishable with imprisonment and fine.
2.Non-compoundable are those that are punishable with a fine or with a fine or imprisonment or both.
3.Company means a company incorporated under this Act or under any previous Company Law.

Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


3. Consider the following statements:

1.India is not a party to the Rotterdam Convention.
2.The Convention entered into force in 2004.
3.The convention is also known as the Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


4.Consider the following statements:

1.Rustom 2 is part of the Rustom line of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) that includes Rustom-I, Rustom-H and Rustom-C.
2.Rustom 2 can fly missions only on manual modes.
3.Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or unmanned aircraft systems (UASes) are also known as drones.

Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


5.Which of the following country is landlocked?

a.Mongolia
b.China
c.Vietnam
d.South Korea

 

Answers

  1. C 2.A 3.B 4.C 5.A