Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.


DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 8th October 2019

What are ‘A,B’ forms and why they are crucial?

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.

Context

  • Candidates aspiring to contest upcoming assembly elections on the ticket of a political party are required to submit various documents and forms.
  • The most important documents are Form A and Form B.

Background

  • Form A and Form B denotes that a certain candidate has been approved by a political party and should be allotted the election symbol of that party.
  • These two forms referred collectively as ‘AB Form’ prove that a political party has appointed a person in charge of distributing tickets and the candidate has obtained a ticket for a certain constituency from that person. 

About Form A

  • This is a communication from a ‘recognised national or state political party’ or a ‘registered but unrecognised political party’ to the returning officer of the constituency or the chief election officer of the state.
  • It conveys names of office-bearers of the party, who have been authorised to intimate names of the candidates chosen by the party to contest the polls. 

About Form B

  • This is a communication from the authorised office-bearer of a political party (whose name is mentioned in Form A issued by the president or secretary of the party) to the returning officer of the constituency.
  • This letter informs the returning officer about the name of the authorised candidate for the party who should be allotted the party symbol.
  • The letter also contains a substitute name for allotment of the symbol and candidature.

Source: The Hindu.


National Nutrition Mission

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Image result for National Nutrition Mission

Context

  • The second phase of the National Nutrition Mission (NNM) has benefited 7,712 children in 20 districts of Rajasthan by bringing them out of malnutrition. 
  • The children’s health is being monitored through anganwadi centres while the community participation has been encouraged in the malnutrition management programme.

About Repo rate

  • Repo rate, or repurchase rate, is the rate at which RBI lends to banks for short periods.
  • This is done by RBI buying government bonds from banks with an agreement to sell them back at a fixed rate.

About the Mission

  • POSHAN Abhiyaan (National Nutrition Mission) is a flagship programme of the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD), Government of India, which ensures convergence with various programmes i.e., Anganwadi Services, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), Scheme for Adolescent Girls (SAG) of  MWCD Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), National Health Mission (NHM), Swachh- Bharat Mission, Public Distribution System (PDS), Department Food & Public Distribution, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) and Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation.
  • The goals of NNM are to achieve improvement in nutritional status of Children from 0-6 years, Adolescent Girls, Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers in a time bound manner during the next three years beginning 2017-18.
  • NNM targets to reduce stunting, under- nutrition, anaemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively. Although the target to reduce Stunting is atleast 2% p.a.
  • Mission would strive to achieve reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022 (Mission 25 by 2022). 

Highlights

  • The NNM is a comprehensive approach towards raising nutrition level in the country on a war footing. 
  • It will comprise mapping of various Schemes contributing towards addressing malnutrition, including a very robust convergence mechanism, ICT based Real Time Monitoring system, incentivizing States/UTs for meeting the targets, incentivizing Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) for using IT based tools, eliminating registers used by AWWs, introducing measurement of height of children at the Anganwadi Centres (AWCs), Social Audits, setting-up Nutrition Resource Centres, involving masses through Jan Andolan for their participation on nutrition through various activities, among others. 
  • More than 10 crore people will be benefitted by this programme. All the States and districts will be covered in a phased manner i.e. 315 districts in 2017-18, 235 districts in 2018-19 and remaining districts in 2019-20 . 

Source: The Hindu.


Green Crackers

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact Assessment.

Image result for Green Crackers

Context

  • In a bid to resolve the crisis of air pollution, especially during the festive season, the Government launched green firecrackers. 
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) labs have been successful in developing various environment-friendly fireworks such as sound emitting crackers, flowerpots, pencils, chakkar and sparklers. 

About Green crackers

  • Crackers with lower emissions than conventional ones are called Green crackers.
  • CSIR had taken up the project to develop eco-friendly crackers in the wake of directions of the Supreme Court restricting the use of fireworks to address the growing problem of pollution in different parts of the country.
  • The researchers at CSIR- NEERI developed greener version of what are called `bijli’ crackers. 
  • Three prototypes had been developed and named SWAS (safe water releaser), SAFAL (safe minimum aluminum) and STAR (safe thermite cracker). 
  • The particulate matter was reduced by 30-35 per cent in SWAS and 35 to 40 per cent in SAFAL and STAR.  

Highlights

  • The project adopted a two-pronged approach. 
  • While one stream of activity was focussed on improving the traditional crackers through reduction in the level of Barium Nitrate, which is the main villain, the second pathway aimed at replacing Barium Nitrate with a more benign Potassium Nitrate.
  • As part of the exercise, the scientists also set up a new facility that could be used by manufacturers to characterise the raw material and analyse the compositions of the chemicals used in fireworks.
  • The new set of crackers would have a prominent green logo to differentiate them from the conventional ones. 
  • Further, it would carry QR code for monitoring.
  • Scanning of the code would provide all information about the product, including the chemicals and the process used.

Source: The Hindu. 


IFC-IOR

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas.

Image result for IFC-IOR

Why in News?

  • Information Fusion Centre – Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR) has started functioning as an information sharing hub of maritime data and targeting incident responses to maritime security situations through a collaborative approach.
  • The major centres with which regular exchange of maritime security information is being undertaken include Virtual Regional Maritime Traffic Centre (VRMTC), Maritime Security Centre – Horn of Africa (MSCHOA), Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery (ReCAAP), IFC-Singapore and International Maritime Bureau-Piracy Reporting Centre (IMB PRC). 

Highlights

  • It is a single point centre that links all coastal radar chain networks along the 7516.6km Indian coastline and some neighbouring countries.
  • The IFC tracks and monitors 75,000 – 1.5 lakh shipping vessels in real time round the clock.
  • It is situated at Information management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) in Gurugram.

Source: The Hindu.

Mamallapuram's ancient ties with China to give fillip to Modi-Xi summit

Focus: GS1.

Topic: Arts & Culture.

Context

  • While expectation is in the air in view of the Indo-China meet next week, Mamallapuram's ties with the dragon land are ancient and it is set to give a historic fillip to the summit.
  • The mighty Pallavas, whose flourishing sea port was Mamallapuram for a long time, had a relationship with China and had even sent envoys there during their rule. 

Background

  • As preparations are on the upswing for the meet between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping, a peep into archaeological evidences shows links had existed about 2000 years ago between Mamallapuram, the venue of the summit, and China. 

Highlights

  • Celadon ware (pottery) of the first, second century (Common Era, about 2000 years ago) recovered on the eastern coast of Tamil Nadu gives us a clue to Chinese maritime activities.
  • Such finds and other archaeological evidence can be used to infer that regions, including coastal areas of present day Mamallapuram and Kancheepuram district had links with China.
  • Chinese coins dating to the same period were also found in Tamil Nadu, he said, adding they showed the ancient trade links to the dragon country.
  • The ancient Tamil work "Pattinapalai," a post-Sangam period work, cites the anchorage of a Chinese ship on the eastern coast of ancient Tamil Nadu.
  • Authored by Urutthiran Kannanar, the work refers to a ship "tungu naavay," in Tamil, which is nothing but a big Chinese vessel "Zunk," the archaeologist, who was formerly with the Archaeological Survey of India, said.
  • Emperor Wei (circa 185-149 BCE) encouraged traders and the Chinese text Ch'ien Han Shu of the first century refers to Kancheepuram as "Huang-Che" and Chinese kings had sent presents to the then ruler of Kancheepuram.
  • Chinese monk Hiuen Tsang visited Kancheepuram in the 7th century AD and he, no doubt, reached the ancient port town of Mamallapuram and then continued his journey to the temple town.
  • Keen on understanding more about Buddhism and to get original texts of his religion,Hiuen Tsang visited Kancheepuram, which was then a flourishing Buddhist centre, as well as a hub of learning.
  • Ancient Indian sources indicate that Kancheepuram was referred to as a "kadiga," which meant a "university," and Tsang was attracted to Kancheepuram.
  • The 2004 Saluvankuppam excavations in Kancheepuram district also make it clear that Mamallapuram was a port town even during the Sangam era about 2000 years ago.

Source: The Hindu.

 

Map of the Day–China


Image result for china map


Quote for the Day

 "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing."—Socrates.


Mains Answer Writing


1.Explain why Form A and B are crucial for elections.

2.Critically analyse the salient features of National Nutrition Mission.

3.Discuss the cultural significance between the bilateral relations of India and China.

 

Test your Knowledge


1.Consider the following statements 

1.Form A is a communication from the authorised office-bearer of a political party to the returning officer of the constituency.
2.Form B is a communication from a ‘recognised national or state political party’ or a ‘registered but unrecognised political party’ to the returning officer of the constituency or the chief election officer of the state.
3.This letter informs the returning officer about the name of the authorised candidate for the party who should be allotted the party symbol.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


2. Consider the following statements:

1.POSHAN Abhiyaan (National Nutrition Mission) is a flagship programme of the Ministry of Social Justice.

2.The goals of NNM are to achieve improvement in nutritional status of Children from 0-6 years, Adolescent Girls, Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers in a time bound manner during the next three years beginning 2017-18.

3.Mission would strive to achieve reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022 (Mission 25 by 2022).

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


3. Consider the following statements:

1.Crackers with lower emissions than conventional ones are called Green crackers.

2.The researchers at CSIR- NEERI developed greener version of what are called `bijli’ crackers. 

3.ISRO had taken up the project to develop eco-friendly crackers in the wake of directions of the Supreme Court .

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


4.Consider the following statements

1.Mamallapuram was a port of Pandyas.

2.The ancient Tamil work "Pattinapalai," a post-Sangam period work, cites the anchorage of a Chinese ship on the eastern coast of ancient Tamil Nadu.

3.Chinese monk Hiuen Tsang visited Kancheepuram in the 7th century AD and he, no doubt, reached the ancient port town of Mamallapuram and then continued his journey to the temple town.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


5.Celadon ware pottery belongs to?

a.Qatar

b.Greece

c.China

d.Europe 

Answers

  1. A 2.B 3.A 4.B 5.c