Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 19th October 2019


India Innovation Index 2019 launched by Niti Aayog

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

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Context

  • NITI Aayog with Institute for Competitiveness as the knowledge partner released the India Innovation Index (III) 2019.
  • Karnataka is the most innovative major state in India. 
  • Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Telangana, Haryana, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh form the remaining top ten major states respectively.  

About the findings

  • Sikkim and Delhi take the top spots among the northeastern & hill states, and union territories/city-states/small states respectively.
  • Delhi, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, and Uttar Pradesh are the most efficient states in translating inputs into output.
  • The aim is to create a holistic tool which can be used by policymakers across the country to identify the challenges to be addressed and strengths to build on when designing the economic growth policies for their regions. 

About the Index

  • The study is an outcome of extensive research and analysis, which looks holistically at the innovation landscape of India by examining the innovation capabilities and performance of Indian states and union territories. 
  • India Innovation Index 2019 is based on the World Economic Forum’s GII (Global Innovation Index).
  • The index has been jointly developed by NITI Aayog, DIPP and CII in consultation with World Economic Forum (WEF), World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), Cornell University, UNIDO, ILO, OECD, UNESCO, ITU etc.
  • The index attempts to create an extensive framework for the continual evaluation of the innovation environment of 29 states and seven union territories in India and intends to perform the following three functions- 
    1. ranking of states and UTs based on their index scores, 
    2. recognizing opportunities and challenges, and
    3. assisting in tailoring governmental policies to foster innovation. 

Highlights

  • The India Innovation Index 2019 is calculated as the average of the scores of its two dimensions – Enablers and Performance. The Enablers are the factors that underpin innovative capacities, grouped into five pillars: 
    1. Human Capital,
    2. Investment, 
    3. Knowledge Workers, 
    4. Business Environment, and 
    5. Safety and Legal Environment. 
  • The Performance dimension captures benefits that a nation derives from the inputs, divided into two pillars: 

1) Knowledge Output and 

2) Knowledge Diffusion.

  • The states have been bifurcated into three categories: major states, north-east and hill states, and union territories/city-states/small states. 

Source: The Hindu.


Ex Eastern Bridge – V Bilateral Joint Exercise

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

Context

  • Indian Air Force is participating in a Bilateral Joint exercise with Royal Air Force Oman (RAFO), named EX EASTERN BRIDGE-V, scheduled from 17-26 Oct 19, at Air Force Base Masirah.
  • IAF contingent comprises of MiG-29 and C-17 aircraft.

About the exercise

  • MiG-29 will be exercising with Royal Air Force Oman’s Eurofighter Typhoon, F-16 and Hawk. 
  • For the first time, MiG-29 fighter aircraft will be participating in an International Exercise outside India.
  • The last exercise, EX EASTERN BRIDGE-IV was held in 2017 at Jamnagar.
  • The exercise will enhance interoperability during mutual operations between the two Air Forces and will provide an opportunity to learn from each other’s best practices.
  • The participation of Indian Air Force in the exercise will also promote professional interaction, exchange of experience and operational knowledge.
  • Besides strengthening bilateral relations, it will also provide a good opportunity for the air-warriors to operate in an international environment.

Highlights

  • Al Nagah III is the series of the bilateral joint exercise between India and Oman conducted between March 12 to March 25, 2019, at Oman. 
  • Al Nagah III Al Nagah III will be held at  Jabel Al Akhdar Mountains in Oman. 
  • The 14-day exercise will see both the armies exchanging expertise and experience in tactics, weapon handling and firing. 
  • The exercise is aimed to enhance interoperability in counterterrorist operations in semi-urban mountainous terrain. 
  • The Indian Army contingent is going to be represented by 10th Battalion of the Garhwal Rifles. Similar strength is also to be fielded by Jabel Regiment of Royal Army of Oman. 
  • Al Nagah I was held at Muscat, Oman in January 2015 and Al Nagah II at Himachal Pradesh, India in March 2017.  
  • The India-Oman bilateral security ties have continued to evolve and the joint military exercise will go a long way in the enchaining understanding of capabilities and strengthening the camaraderie between both the Armies.

Source: PIB.


What are India’s Diplomatic Option Against Malaysia?

Focus: GS2.

Topic:Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests.

Image result for What Are India’s Diplomatic Option Against Malaysia?

Context

  • India is weighing a range of diplomatic option against Malaysia, including on the trade front.
  • The above movie is to convey India’s retaliation to send a stern message to Kuala Lumpur over Kasmir’s remarks.
  • Over President Mahathir bin Mohamad’s tirade against India’s Kashmir policy at the UN General Assembly last month.
  • India is also concerned about the Zakir Naik extradition issue on which India feels   Malaysia has not done enough. 

Background

  • As the world’s largest palmolein importer, India can shift its Palmolein import from Malaysia to Indonesia.
  • India’s retaliatory measures will include levying higher import taxes on Malaysian Imports.
  • India’s move would hurt Malaysian farmers who have changed their regular cropping patterns to cater to the Indian market.
  • Indian traders have already reduced the imports of Malaysian palmolein. 

About Economic Ties

  • India’s FTA with ASEAN and the Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement has worked in Malaysia’s favor.
  • Indian imports from Malaysia in 2018-19 were $10.81 billion, which is
    $4billion more than Indian exports.
  • India has gone the extra mile to deepen its ties with Malaysia.
  • Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh signed a strategic partnership with Malaysia in 2010.
  • PM Narendra Modi converted into an ‘Enhanced Strategic Partnership’ in 2015.
  • To ensure the continuity, Modi also took a detour to drop by in Malaysia on May 31.

Source: The Hindu. 


KHON Ramlila

Focus: GS1.

Topic: Indian Culture.

Image result for KHON Ramlila

Context

  • The Culture Department of Uttar Pradesh government is going to organise the country’s first training and performance programme of world famous KHON Ramlila in collaboration with Thailand government.
  • Khon Ramlila is a masked form of Ramlila art of Thailand that depicts the scenes of Ramlila.
  • It has no dialogues.
  • Only the background voices narrates the whole story of Ramayana. 

About Khon Ramlila

  • It is also known worldwide for its beautiful attire and golden masks.
  • Further, the Ramakien which means Glory of Rama is national epic of Thailand has been derived from the Hindu epic Ramayana.
  • It is also included in the list of Intangible cultural heritage list of UNESCO. 

About Intangible cultural heritage list of UNESCO

  • UNESCO’s Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage is a list of important intangible cultural heritages worldwide.It aims at better protection of these intangible cultural heritages and raise awareness about their significance. 
  • Intangible Cultural Heritage means the practices, representations, expressions, as well as the instruments,artefacts and cultural spaces that communities,groups or individuals recognize as part of their cultural heritage.
  • The list was established in 2008 when the 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage came into effect.
  • A total of 13 Intangible cultural heritage elements from India have been inscribed till date on the UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Source: The Hindu.


Army Inducts Excalibur Artillery Ammunition and Dhanush Howitzers

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Context

  • Indian army has inducted US made precision-guided Excalibur artillery ammunition and indigenous Dhanush howitzer in its inventory.
  • The Excalibur ammunition can hit targets within 50 km range with less than 2 metres error margin. 

About the Ammunition

  • The ammunition also has the capability to destroy reinforced structures or bunkers.
  • The ammunition will be advantageous for the Indian army stationed at the borders as it has GPS and inertial navigation which guides the warhead to its precise location to help avoid collateral damage. 

About Dhanush

  • Dhanush is an upgraded version of the Swedish Bofors gun procured by India in the mid-1980s.
  • It is a 155-mm, 45-calibre gun with a maximum range of 40 km in salvo mode.
  • The gun has been developed by Ordnance Factory Board (OFB), Kolkata and manufactured by the Gun Carriage Factory(GCF) and 81 % of its components are indigenously sourced.
  • The gun is a versatile weapon that can operate in all the climatic conditions. 
  • It is equipped with (a) inertial navigation-based sighting system (b) auto-laying facility (c)on-board ballistic computation and (d)advanced day-night direct firing system.

Source: The Hindu.

 

Map of the Day–Malaysia 

Image result for malaysia map

Quote for the Day


“Every morning we are born again. What we do today is what matters most” – Buddha

Mains Answer Writing


1.Discuss the role of ICT intervention in local governance. (250 words).
2.Suggest necessary reforms needed to ensure the independence of Election commission of India by giving suitable reasons. (250 words).
3.We need tools that strengthen the legislature’s capacity to hold the executive responsible in fiscal matters. In light of this statement examine the need for a non-partisan budget research and analysis body like PBO (Parliamentary Budget Office) for India. (250 words).

 

Test your Knowledge


1.Consider the following statements 
1.India Innovation Index is released by Ministry of Heavy Industries.
2.Karnataka is the most innovative major state in India. 
3.India Innovation Index 2019 is based on the World Economic Forum’s GII (Global Innovation Index).

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


2. Consider the following statements:

1.EX EASTERN BRIDGE-V is between India and Qatar.
2.For the first time, MiG-29 fighter aircraft will be participating in an International Exercise outside India.
3.Al Nagah III is the series of the bilateral joint exercise between India and Oman.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


3. Consider the following statements:

1.India is world’s largest importer of palmolein.
2.India has Enhanced Strategic Partnership’  with Malaysia.
3.Indian imports from Malaysia in 2018-19 were $10.81 billion, which is $4billion less than Indian exports.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


4.Consider the following statements:

1.Khon Ramlila is a masked form of Ramlila art of Thailand that depicts the scenes of Ramlila.
2.It is enacted with dialogues.
3.It is also included in the list of Intangible cultural heritage list of UNESCO.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


5.Which of the following is not a dimension for India Innovation Index?

a.Human Capital

b.Knowledge workers

c.Business Environment

d.Sustainable Development

 

Answers

  1. B 2.B 3.A 4.C 5.D