Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 11th February 2020


SC/ST AMENDMENT ACT, 2018


Focus: GS1.

Topic: Social empowerment.

Image result for SC/ST AMENDMENT ACT, 2018


Context

 

The Supreme Court today upheld the constitutional validity of the SC/ST Amendment Act, 2018 which rules out anticipatory bail in case of atrocities against SC/STs.

 

Background

 

  • The Apex Court said, anticipatory bail can only be granted in cases where prima facie case is not made out.

  • It said, a preliminary inquiry is not essential before lodging an FIR under the act nor is the approval of senior police officials. 

 

About the act

 

  • The SC/ST Amendment Act 2018 was brought to nullify the effect of a Supreme Court ruling which had diluted the provisions of the stringent Act.

  • Earlier, on the 20th of March, 2018, taking note of rampant misuse of the stringent SC/ST Act, the top court ruled out the immediate arrest on any complaint filed under the law.

  • Violent protests had taken place across the country after the apex court's verdict in which several persons lost their lives and many were injured. 


Source: AIR.


NATIONAL DEWORMING DAY


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Image result for NATIONAL DEWORMING DAY

Context

 

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) conducted the tenth round of National Deworming Day (NDD). This will be followed by the mop-up day on February 17, 2020.

 

About the campaign

 

  • As part of this campaign, children and adolescents aged 1-19 years are being administered Albendazole (400 mg) across government, government-aided schools, anganwadis, private schools and other educational institutions.

  • The NDD is implemented with an objective to reduce the prevalence of Soil Transmitted Helminths (STH), commonly called the parasitic intestinal worms, among all children and adolescents.

  • Infections with the main STH – roundworm, whipworm and hookworms – contribute to 50.1 lakh disability adjusted life-years (DALYs) worldwide (WHO, 2010).

  • Launched in 2015, the NDD is the largest public health program implemented on a single day reaching crores of children and adolescents through two NDD rounds every year.

  • Implemented in collaboration with the Ministry of Women and Child Development and Ministry of Human Resource Development, NDD is a key intervention of Anemia Mukt Bharat. 

 

Source: PIB.


WEB PORTAL FOR STAR RATING OF MINES


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Image result for WEB PORTAL FOR STAR RATING OF MINES


Context

 

In order to promote green, safe and sustainable mining practices using technology as a tool, Ministry of Coal (MoC) has launched a web portal for star rating of coal mines.

 

About the portal

 

  • Based on the star ratings obtained through a well-defined mechanism on this web portal, the highest scoring mines in the country will be awarded in a public ceremony.

  • Besides, all the mines will be given an official certificate by the CCO mentioning their star rating and the particular reporting year.

  • The mines that score from 91 to 100% will get 5 star, 81 to 90% 4 star, 71 to 80% 3 star, 61 to 70% 2 star, 41 to 60% 1 star and mines that score from 0 to 40% will get No star on the portal as per laid down procedures of the Star Rating Policy for Coal Mines in India.  

 

Source: PIB.


‘e-Credentials / e-Certificates'

 

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Image result for ‘e-Credentials / e-Certificates'

Context

 

The Minister for Skill Development informed Lok Sabha that Directorate General of Training (DGT), Ministry of Skill Development proposes to issue digital ‘e-Credentials / e-Certificates.'


Highlights


  • e-Credentials are an electronic scheme-based standard for describing credentials data in a machine-readable format (JSON-LD representation of RDFa- Resource Description Framework, a web standard) along with its printable human-friendly version to make credential exchange between digital agents open and reliable.

  • Certificates issued according to this specification can be aligned to one or more educational standards. 

  • They are secured using digital signatures.

  • These will also be pushed in DigiLocker.

  • This standard is an open standard, free to use, and does not cost anything extra to the Government or the student.

  • This would enable candidates to verifiably state their skill levels with a high degree of trust in authenticity to aggregators, matchers, and employers. 


Source: PIB.


92nd ACADEMY AWARDS


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Image result for 92nd academy awards

Context

 

The 92nd Academy Awards was held at Dolby Theatre in Los Angeles.

 

About the Awards

 

  • Parasite won four awards at the Oscars – Best Picture, Best International Film, Best Director and Best Original Screenplay.

  • Parasite is the first non-English language film to win best picture in the 92-year history of the Academy Awards.

  • Director Bong Joon Ho created history by becoming the first Asian and South Korean filmmaker to bag the best director Oscar.

  • Joaquin Phoenix took home the Best Actor award for his performance in Joker. 

  • Renée Zellweger won the Oscar for her performance in Judy. 

  • The Academy Awards, more popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry. 

  • These are given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).

  • The 92nd Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the AMPAS, honored the best films of 2019.

 

Source: AIR.


SCHOLARSHIP SCHEMES FOR INDIAN STUDENTS FOR PURSUING HIGHER STUDIES ABROAD

 

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Image result for SCHOLARSHIP SCHEMES FOR INDIAN STUDENTS FOR PURSUING HIGHER STUDIES ABROAD

Context


Union Minister for Human Resource Development informed Lok Sabha that Government of India is implementing schemes for scholarship/grant for Indian students travelling abroad for higher studies.


About the schemes

 

  • National Overseas Scholarship for Scheduled Caste Students: The scheme is implemented by the Department of Social Justice and Empowerment under which financial assistance is provided to the meritorious Scheduled Caste students for pursuing Master level courses and Ph.D. in foreign universities/institution accredited by the concerned country.

  • National Overseas Scholarship for Scheduled Tribe Students: The scheme is implemented by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs where in financial assistance is provided to the meritorious Scheduled Tribe students for pursing Master level courses, Ph.D. and Post Doctoral programme in foreign Universities in the field of engineering, technology and science.

  • Overseas Doctoral Fellowship Programme: The Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), a Statutory body of the Department of Science and Technology launched an Overseas Doctoral Fellowship Program with specific Universities to build national capacity where the talent supply of researchers in areas of interest to the country is sub-critical.

  • All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) in collaboration with ‘Mathematics of Information Technology and Computer Systems (MITACS)’ provides a platform from 2018 to the students of AICTE approved institutions to undergo Internship in Canadian Universities through its scheme ‘Sending Students Abroad for Research Internships’. 


Source: PIB.


PUBLIC ENTERPRISES SURVEY -2018-19


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Image result for PUBLIC ENTERPRISES SURVEY -2018-19


Context

 

The Public Enterprises Survey -2018-19 was tabled in both the Houses of Parliament.

 

Highlights

 

  • The Department of Public Enterprises (DPE), Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises, Government of India brings out the Public Sector Enterprises Survey on the performance of Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) every year.

  • As per the Survey 2018-19, there were total 348 CPSEs as on 31st March, 2019 out of which 249 were operational. 

  • Remaining 86 CPSEs were under construction and 13 CPSEs were under closure or liquidation.

  • Total paid up capital in all CPSEs as on 31.3.2019 stood at Rs. 2,75,697crore as compared to Rs. 2,53,977 crore as on 31.3.2018, showing a growth of 8.55%.

  • Overall net profit of operating CPSEs during 2018-19 stood at Rs. 1,42,951 crore as compared to Rs. 1,23,751 crore during 2017-18 showing a growth in overall profit of 15.52%.

  • ONGC, Indian Oil Corporation and NTPC were the top three profitable PSUs in 2018-19, whereas BSNL, Air India and MTNL incurred highest losses for a third consecutive year. 

 

Source: LiveMint.

 

STEEL IMPORTS


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Image result for STEEL IMPORTS india

Context

 

Union Minister for Steel informed Lok Sabha about the Steps taken for reduction in Steel Imports.

 

About the measures

 

  • Domestically Manufactured Iron and Steel Products Policy (DMI&SP) has been notified with an objective to encourage consumption of domestically produced steel by Government organisations.

  • To meet the domestic demand for high performance steel, the Government, is facilitating R&D in the sector through the establishment of Steel Research and Technology Mission of India (SRTMI).

  • The Ministry is addressing the issue of quality of steel products that are produced as well as block import of sub-standard steel. 

  • It has notified Steel and Steel Products Quality Control (QC) Orders.

  • To prevent import due to unfair trade, the government has imposed Anti-Dumping Duty on a number of steel products imports.

  • To reduce dependence on imported steel scrap, the government has notified the Steel Scrap Recycling Policy.

  • The Government has recently introduced Steel Imports Monitoring System (SIMS) to monitor steel imports. 

 

Source: PIB.



GODAVARI AND KAVERI RIVER LINKING PROJECT


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Image result for GODAVARI AND KAVERI RIVER LINKING PROJECT

Context

 

  • Union Minister for Jal Shakti informed Rajya Sabha about the Godavari and Kaveri River Linking Project.

 

About the project

 

  • The draft Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Godavari – Cauvery link project consisting of 3 links viz., Godavari (Inchampalli/Janampet) - Krishna (Nagarjunasagar), Krishna (Nagarjunasagar) - Pennar (Somasila) and Pennar (Somasila) – Cauvery (Grand Anicut) link projects has been completed by National Water Development Agency (NWDA).

  • As per the draft DPR, about 247 TMC can be diverted from Godavari river to Nagarjunsagar dam(through lifting) and further south for meeting the demands of Krishna, Pennar and Cauvery basins.

  • The stage of implementation of a project would be reached after DPR is prepared with the consensus of concerned States and the requisite statutory clearances are obtained. 


Source: PIB.



Map of the Day–Proposed Inter Basin Water Transfer Links

Image result for GODAVARI AND KAVERI RIVER LINKING PROJECT



Quote for the Day


“Do the difficult things while they are easy and do the great things while they are small. A journey of a thousand miles must begin with a single step.” – Laozi

Mains Answer Writing


  1. Banning imports and exports may be good in the short term, but the long term impacts are devastating. Do you agree? Suggest a strategy to resolve these issues. (250 Words).

  2. Tourism is important for the local, as well as the national economy. Do you agree? Suggest the strategy to increase tourism in the country. (250 Words).

  3. What is genome mapping? Why is it required in Indian context? (250 Words).



Test your Knowledge



  1. Consider the following statements about “Har Medh Par Ped” initiative:

 

    1. It is a main-mission on Agroforestry under the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture.

    2. Under this multipurpose tree species with short, medium and long term returns be planted, so that farmers may get additional income at regular intervals. 

    3. The scheme is being implemented in the States which exempted selected tree species from transit permit.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 only

      2. 2 and 3 only

      3. 1 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Consider the following statements about the United Nations Institute for Water Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH):


    1. It is a traditional university in the sense of having a faculty, campus, or students.

    2. It carries out its work in cooperation with other research institutions, international organizations, individual scholars, and scientists throughout the world.

    3. According to recent study by the UNU-INWEH the world generates about 380 trillion litres (tl) wastewater every year, which stores vast amounts of energy, nutrients for fertilisers and water.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 only

      2. 2 and 3 only

      3. 1 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Consider the following statements with reference to LIC India:


    1. It is Partly-owned by the central government and governed by the Life Insurance Corporation Act.

    2. LIC is the biggest institutional investor in the Indian equity markets.

    3. LIC policyholders enjoy a sovereign guarantee on the sum assured and the bonus declared.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 2 and 3 only

      3. 1 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

 

  1. Northern Coalfields Limited (NCL) has set up SARAS platform for the purpose of?

 

  1. Increasing the transparency in the coal mines allocation

  2. Transferring the adequate share of benefits to the locals in the mines region

  3. Promoting Innovation, Research & Development and skill development

  4. Promoting nature conservation

 

  1. What is Fermentophone, recently seen in news?

 

      1. It is an analog sound storage medium in the form of a flat disc.

      2. It is a supercomputer made by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC).

      3. Edible musical instrument made of fermented fruits to showcase how fermentation can make music.

      4. It is a medicine for corona virus

 

 

Answers

  1. B 2.B 3.B 4.C 5.C


 
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