Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 12th February 2020


EXCESS RAINFALL IN WINTER


Focus: GS1.

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Image result for EXCESS RAINFALL IN WINTER

Context

 

Ministry of Agriculture tabled data in Parliament on excess Winter rainfall in several states.

 

About the data

 

  • Rainfall is excess when it is 20-59% higher than normal for the period, and large excess when it is over 60% higher than normal.

  • In December 2019, 13 states and Union Territories recorded excess/large excess rainfall. In January 2020, this rose to 22 states and Union Territories.

  • Mizoram recorded the highest departure, at 296% above normal between December 2019 and January 2020. 

  • Normal rainfall in Mizoram during this period is 10.8 mm, whereas the actual rainfall received was 42.8 mm.

  • The lowest departure was recorded by Arunachal Pradesh, whose actual rainfall (58.5 mm) was 24% more than the normal of 47.2 mm. 

 

Source: Indian Express.

 

THANATOTHERISTES


Focus: GS1.

Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

Image result for THANATOTHERISTES

 

Context

 

Scientists have found that a dinosaur fossil, found in Alberta in Canada in 2010, belongs to a new species of tyrannosaur.

 

About the animal

 

  • They have named it Thanatotheristes, which means “reaper of death”.

  • Tyrannosaurs were one of the largest meat-eating dinosaurs to have ever lived, with very large and high skulls, and the best known among them is the Tyrannosaurus rex, celebrated in the Jurassic Park series.

  • The 79-million-year-old fossil that the researchers have found is the oldest tyrannosaur known from northern North America.

  • The fossil specimen is important to understand the Late Cretaceous period, which is the period when tyrannosaurs roamed the Earth. 

 

Source: Indian Express.

 

WORLD UNANI DAY 

 

Focus: GS1.

Topic: Diversity of India.

Image result for unani medicine


Context

 

World Unani Day was celebrated on February 11, 2020 to spread awareness about health care delivery through Unani system of medicine through its preventive and curative philosophy.


About Hakim Ajmal Khan


  • World Unani Day is celebrated every year to mark the birth anniversary of Hakim Ajmal Khan.

  • He was an eminent Indian Unani physician who was a versatile genius, a great scholar, a social reformer, a noted freedom fighter, a Unani medical educationist and founder of scientific research in Unani System of Medicine.

  • He was one of the founders of the Jamia Millia Islamia in New Delhi.


About Unani


  • The Unani system postulates the presence of four humours in the body: dam (blood), balgham (phlegm), safra (yellow bile) and sauda (black bile), a parallel to kapha, vata and pitta, the three doshas in ayurveda. 

  • The quality and quantity of four humors affect the state of health and disease in the body.

  • Unani system originated in Greece. 

  • The theoretical framework of Unani medicine is based on the work of Hippocrates (460-377 BC).

  • The system owes its present form to the Arabs who not only saved much of the Greek literature by rendering it into Arabic but also enriched it with their own contributions.

  • In India, it was introduced by Arabs and Persians sometime around the eleventh century.

  • It saw the beginning of its revival during the freedom struggle due to the efforts of Hakim Ajmal Khan. 

  • He established Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia College and Hindustani Dawakhana a pharmaceutical company for manufacturing of Ayurvedic and Unani medicine in Delhi in 1916. 


Source: AIR.

 

DASUOPU GLACIER


Focus: GS1.

Topic: Salient features of world's physical geography.

Image result for DASUOPU GLACIER

Context

 

Human activity may have contaminated one of the highest peaks in the central Himalayas hundreds of years before a person ever set foot there.

 

About the study highlights

 

  • A study published in the journal PNAS, indicates that the byproducts of burning coal in Europe in the late 18th century made their way to the Dasuopu glacier, about 10,300 kilometres from London, the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution.

  • Industrial Revolution was a revolution in the use of energy adding that the use of coal combustion also started to cause emissions that we think were transported by winds up to the Himalayas.

  • Dasuopu Glacier, at 7,200 metres above sea level, is the highest-altitude site in the world where scientists have obtained a climate record from an ice core. 

  • It is located on Shishapangma, one of the world's 14 tallest mountains, which are all located in the Himalayas. 

 

Source: AIR.

 

ARUN JAITLEY NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

Image result for ARUN JAITLEY NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

 

Context


The Government of India has decided to rename National Institute of Financial Management (NIFM), Faridabad as Arun Jaitley National Institute of Financial Management (AJNIFM).


About the Institute

 

  • NIFM, Faridabad, was set up in 1993 as a registered society under Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance, Government of India.

  • Its mandate is to train officers of various Finance and Accounts Services recruited by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) through the Civil Services Examination as also officers of Indian Cost Accounts Service (ICoAS).

  • The Union Finance Minister is the President of the NIFM Society. 

  • Late Arun Jaitley – a Padma Vibhushan awardee – during his tenure as Union Finance Minister oversaw a number of path-breaking initiatives, including introduction of Goods and Services Tax, merger of Railway Budget with General Budget, introduction of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code etc.


Source: The Hindu.

 

SAFER INTERNET DAY


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Image result for SAFER INTERNET DAY


Context

 

This year, February 11 is being observed as Safer Internet Day (SID). Last year, the Day was marked on February 5.

 

Background

 

  • SID is an international event taking place in February every year, which aims to increase awareness about emerging online issues, such as cyberbullying, and chooses a topic reflecting current concerns. 

  • This year, the theme is “Together for a better internet”.

 

About the day

 

  • It is organised by the Insafe/INHOPE network of awareness centres, that is spread across 30 countries and is funded by the Connecting Europe Facility program (CEF) of the EU.

  • SID was first initiated in 2004, and is as part of the EU’s ‘Better Internet for Kids’ policy. 

  • The SID initiative is now recognised in around 150 countries worldwide.

  • To expand the initiative’s reach, Safer Internet Day Committees were introduced in 2009. In India, the New Delhi-based NGO DISC (Developing Internet Safe Community) Foundation is the SID Committee.


Source: Indian Express.


EXEMPTION FROM CRR MAINTENANCE


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Image result for EXEMPTION FROM CRR MAINTENANCE


Context

 

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has said that the special lending window with Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) exemption will be open from 14th of February and incremental loans disbursed under this facility will have CRR exemption for the next five years.

 

Highlights

 

  • This means that banks will not be needed to make additional cash reserve ratio against any incremental loans disbursed to the targeted segments.

  • The window will open for six months ending 31st of July this year, but the Net Demand and Time Liabilities (NDTL) will be calculated as of 31st of January.

  • It asked banks to report the CRR exemption availed at the end of a fortnight under exemptions/others in the Section 42 return, under the provisions of the master circular on CRR and SLR issued on 1st of July, 2015. 

 

Source: AIR.

 

GENDER GAP IN SCIENCE


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

Image result for GENDER GAP IN SCIENCE india

Context

 

February 11 was the International Day of Women and Girls in Science, established by the United Nations to promote equal access to and participation in science for women and girls.

 

About the facts

 

  • According to a 2018 fact sheet prepared by UNESCO on women in science, just 28.8% of researchers are women. It defines researchers as “professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge”. In India, this drops to 13.9%.

  • Between 1901 and 2019, 334 Nobel Prizes have been awarded to 616 Laureates in Physics, Chemistry and Medicine, of which just 20 have been won by 19 women. The double Laureate is Marie Curie.

  • In 2019, the American mathematician Karen Uhlenbeck became the first woman to win the Abel Prize, following 16 male mathematicians.

  • The Fields Medal so far has also been awarded to only one woman mathematician, the late Maryam Mirzakhani of Iran, as opposed to 59 men since 1936.

  • UNESCO data from 2014-16 show that only around 30% of female students select STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics)-related fields in higher education.

  • In India, a 2016-17 NITI Aayog report compared female enrolment in various disciplines over five years, until 2015-16. 

  • In 2015-16, 9.3% of female students in undergraduate courses were enrolled in engineering, compared to 15.6% across genders. 

 

Source: Indian Express.



SuperCam


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Image result for supercam mars 2020

Context

 

  • In its mission to Mars this summer, NASA is sending a new laser-toting robot as one of seven instruments aboard the Mars 2020 rover.

 

About the SuperCam

 

  • Called SuperCam, the robot is used for studying mineralogy and chemistry from up to about 7 metres away. 

  • It might help scientists find signs of fossilised microbial life on Mars.

  • From more than 7 m away, SuperCam can fire a laser to study rock targets smaller than a pencil point. 

  • That lets the rover study spots it can’t reach with its arm.

  • SuperCam looks at rock textures and chemicals to find those that formed or changed in water on Mars long ago.

  • SuperCam includes a microphone so scientists can listen each time the laser hits a target. 

  • The popping sound created by the laser subtly changes depending on a rock’s material properties.

  • The Mars 2020 rover marks the third time this particular microphone design will go to the Red Planet. 


Source: PIB.



Map of the Day–Dasuopu Glacier

Image result for dasuopu glacier map



Quote for the Day


“Resentment is like drinking poison and then hoping it will kill your enemies.”
― Nelson Mandela

Mains Answer Writing


  1. Examine the various writs available in India against violation of fundamental rights. (250 Words).

  2. Municipal reforms are required for the complete elimination of manual scavenging. Comment. (250 Words).

  3. What is bio-fortification? How is it necessary in the light of SDG-2 and SDG-3? (250 Words).



Test your Knowledge



  1. Consider the following about Solar Orbiter Probe recently in news:

 

    1. The Solar Orbiter is a collaborative mission between the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and NASA. 

    2. The Solar Orbiter also known as SolO will use the gravity of Venus and Earth to swing itself out of the ecliptic plane and will be able to get a bird’s eye view of the sun’s poles for the first time.

    3. It also carries six remote-sensing imagers - which see the sun from afar.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 only

      2. 2 and 3 only

      3. 1 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Consider the following statements about Commercial Surrogacy in India:


    1. Commercial surrogacy was legalized in 2012 to promote medical tourism.

    2. The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019 proposes to allow altruistic ethical surrogacy to intending infertile Indian married couples in the age groups 23-50 years (women) and 26-55 years (men).

    3. Surrogacy is an arrangement, often supported by a legal agreement, whereby a woman (the surrogate mother) agrees to bear a child for another person or persons, who will become the child's parent(s) after birth.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 only

      2. 2 and 3 only

      3. 1 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Consider the following statements with reference to Prevention of Atrocities Act,1989:


    1. It has been enacted to prevent crimes against scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other backward classes.

    2. All the provisions of the act are non-cognizable and non bailable.

    3. It provides for the constitution of special courts for hearing cases on atrocities.

Select the incorrect answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 2 and 3 only

      3. 1 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

 

  1. Which of the following union ministry has recently has launched a web portal for star rating of coal mines?

 

  1. Ministry of Commerce and Industry

  2. Ministry of Finance

  3. Ministry of Power

  4. Ministry of Coal

 

  1. Public Enterprises Survey 2018-19 was released by?

 

      1. Ministry of Commerce and Industry 

      2. NITI Aayog

      3. Ministry of Finance

      4. C-DAC

 

 

Answers

  1. B 2.B 3.A 4.D 5.B