Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 13th February 2020


KOTA RANI


Focus: GS1.

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

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Context

 

Among several other reasons why the government believed Mehbooba Mufti, the former chief minister of J&K, should be detained under the Public Safety Act (PSA) was a reference to her being likened to Kota Rani for her “dangerous and insidious machination and usurping nature”.

 

About her

 

  • Kota Rani (died 1339), was the last ruler of the Hindu Lohara dynasty in Kashmir.

  • She was the daughter of Ramchandra, the commander-in-chief of Suhadev, who was the king of Kashmir belonging to the Lohara dynasty.

  • She was regent during the minority of her son, and ruled as monarch until 1339.

  • She was deposed by Shah Mir, who became the first Muslim ruler of Kashmir.

 

About Kutte Kol

 

  • Kutte Kol is a navigational canal running through the Srinagar.

  • It is believed to be commissioned by Kota Rani initially to regulate floods on the Jhelum.

  • This canal gets water from Jhelum River at the entry point of city and again merges with Jhelum river beyond the city limits. 


Source: Indian Express.


DETAINING CHILDREN


Focus: GS1.

Topic: Social empowerment.

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Context

 

The Supreme Court has made it clear that the police have no right to detain children in conflict with law in a lockup or a jail.

 

Highlights

 

  • A juvenile in conflict with law, if apprehended, has to be placed immediately under the care of the special juvenile police unit or a designated child welfare officer.

  • The child has to be produced before the Juvenile Justice Board (JJB). 

  • Once a child is produced before a JJB, bail is the rule.

  • If for some reason bail is not granted, a child cannot be put behind bars. 

  • He has to be lodged either in an observation home or in a place of safety.

  • The law is meant to protect children and not detain them in jail or keep them in police custody. 

  • The order came after the recent media reports about “children being detained in police custody and tortured in Delhi and Uttar Pradesh” in connection with the protests against the Citizenship (Amendments) Act.

 

Source: The Hindu.


DELHI ASSEMBLY ELECTIONS


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.

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Context

 

  • Aam Aadmi Party has swept Delhi Assembly elections bagging 62 seats in the 70-member Assembly. 

  • The party retained power in Delhi for the third time.

 

About the elections

 

  • The Legislative Assembly of Delhi, also known as Delhi Vidhan Sabha, is a unicameral law making body of the National Capital Territory of Delhi, one of the eight union territories in India.

  • The Delhi Legislative Assembly was first constituted in 1952 under the Government of Part C States Act, 1951.

  • With enactment of States Reorganisation Act, 1956 Delhi was no longer a Part-C State and was made a Union Territory.

  • Delhi Legislative Assembly was re-established through the Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991, followed by the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991 the Sixty-ninth Amendment to the Constitution of India.

  • It declared the Union Territory of Delhi to be formally known as National Capital Territory of Delhi and also supplements the constitutional provisions relating to the Legislative Assembly and the Council of Ministers and related matters.

  • The Legislative Assembly is selected for period of five years. 

 

Source: AIR.

 

QAnon

 

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.

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Context

 

QAnon, a conspiracy theory, has now surfaced in political campaigns, criminal cases, merchandising and at least one college class.


About the theory


  • QAnon is a far-right conspiracy theory detailing a supposed secret plot by an alleged "deep state" against U.S. President Donald Trump and his supporters.

  • The theory began with an October 2017 post on the anonymous imageboard 4chan by someone using the name Q, a presumably American individual that may have later grown to include multiple people.

  • "Q" is a reference to the top-secret Q clearance. QAnon believers commonly tag their social media posts with the hashtag #WWG1WGA, signifying the motto "where we go one, we go all." 


Source: Indian Express.


MEDICAL EQUIPMENT AS ‘DRUGS’


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

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Context

 

The Union Health Ministry has notified that medical equipment would qualify as “drugs” under Section 3 of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940, with effect from April 1, 2020.

 

Highlights

 

  • Medical equipments under this definition include implantable medical devices such as knee implants, CT scan, MRI equipment, defibrillators, dialysis machine, PET equipment, X-ray machine etc.

  • The manufacture, import and sale of all medical devices will now need to be certified by the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation.

  • This will ensure these equipments follow quality standards. 

  • The move comes in the wake of years of controversy about faulty hip implants of J&J. 

 

Source: LiveMint.


MANUAL SCAVENGING

 

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

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Context


The Ministry of Social Justice informed Lok Sabha about the incidents of manual scavenging, which is banned under the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013.


Highlights

 

  • According to National Commission for Safai Karamcharis, the number of people who died while cleaning sewers and septic tanks in the country increased by almost 62% from 68 in 2018 to 110 in 2019.

  • These cases were reported from 18 States and Union Territories, while 13 States and UTs submitted “nil reports”.

  • A total of 14,559 manual scavengers had been identified by Municipalities and Gram Panchayats in 13 States from 2013-2014 till January 31, 2020.

  • Apart from that, a national survey was conducted in 194 districts in 18 States where 48,345 manual scavengers were identified till January 31, taking the total to 62,904. 


Source: The Hindu.


YARAVIRUS


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

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Context

 

In a lake in Brazil, researchers have discovered a virus called Yaravirus that has a “puzzling origin and phylogeny.”

 

About the Virus

 

  • The Yaravirus infects amoeba and has genes that have not been described before, something that could challenge how DNA viruses are classified. 

  • Over 90% of the Yaravirus’s genome has not been observed before.

  • Because of the Yaravirus’s small size, it was unlike other viruses that infect amoeba and they named it as a tribute to Yara, the “mother of waters” in the mythological stories of the Tupi-Guarani indigenous tribes.

  • The virus does not infect human cells.

  • Although it is only now that the virus has been identified, the researchers believe that it has been present on Earth for ages. 


Source: Indian Express.


INTEGRATED AIR DEFENCE WEAPON SYSTEM


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

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Context

 

The U.S. Department of State has approved the potential sale of a $1.867 billion Integrated Air Defence Weapon System (IADWS) to India.

 

About the animal

 

  • The Integrated Air Defence Weapon System, also known as the National Advanced Surface to Air Missile System (NASAMS), provides integrated air missile defence and is currently deployed around Washington, DC.

  • The IADWS system includes radar, launchers, targeting, and guidance systems, advanced medium-range air-to-air missile (AMRAAM) and Stinger missiles, and related equipment and support.

  • The potential sale, which is being processed via the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) route, is now before the U.S. Congress for consideration, with a 30-day window for Congress to raise any objections to the sale.

 

Source: The Hindu.

 

NEW UMBRELLA ENTITY


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

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Context

 

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has released a ‘draft framework for authorisation of a pan-India New Umbrella Entity (NUE) for Retail Payment Systems’.

 

Highlights

 

  • RBI has proposed to set up a new pan-India new umbrella entity (NUE) or entities focussing on retail payment systems with a minimum paid-up capital of Rs 500 crore.

  • The proposed entity will set up, manage and operate new payment systems especially in the retail space comprising of ATMs, white label PoS, Aadhaar-based payments and remittance services, develop payment methods, standards and technologies, monitor related issues etc.

  • No single promoter or promoter group should have more than 40 per cent investment in the capital of the entity.

  • The promoters should upfront demonstrate capital contribution of not less than 10 per cent — Rs 50 crore — at the time of making an application for setting up of the entity.

  • The promoter or the promoter group shareholding should be diluted to a minimum of 25 per cent after 5 years of the commencement of business. A minimum networth of Rs 300 crore should be maintained.

  • The entity eligible to apply as promoter or the promoter group for the NUE should be ‘owned and controlled by residents’ with 3 years’ experience in the payments ecosystem as Payment System Operator (PSO) or Payment Service Provider (PSP) or Technology Service Provider (TSP). 

 

Source: Indian Express.

 


Map of the Day–Brazil

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Quote for the Day


“Don’t talk the talk if you can’t walk the walk” ― English Proverb


Mains Answer Writing


  1. What are some issues with elections in India? How can they be resolved? (250 Words).

  2. Judicial restraint is the key for separation of powers. Comment. (250 Words).

  3. Critically comment on the need for review power in judiciary? (250 Words).


Test your Knowledge



  1. With reference to the Arun Jaitley National Institute of Financial Management (AJNIFM), consider the following statements:

 

    1. The Government of India has recently decided to rename National Institute of Financial Management (NIFM), Faridabad as Arun Jaitley National Institute of Financial Management (AJNIFM).

    2. The Union HRD Minister is the President of the NIFM Society.

    3. It was set up in 1993 as a registered society under Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance, Government of India.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 only

      2. 2 and 3 only

      3. 1 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. With reference to the Safer Internet Day (SID) 2020, consider the following statements:


    1. This year, February 5 is being observed as Safer Internet Day (SID).

    2. The theme is “Together for a better internet”.

    3. In India, the New Delhi-based NGO DISC (Developing Internet Safe Community) Foundation is the SID Committee.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 only

      2. 2 and 3 only

      3. 1 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. With reference to the rainfall in India, consider the following statements:


    1. Rainfall is excess when it is 20-59% higher than normal for the period, and large excess when it is over 60% higher than normal.

    2. Mizoram recorded the highest departure, at 296% above normal between December 2019 and January 2020.

    3. The lowest departure was recorded by Meghalaya, whose actual rainfall (58.5 mm) was 24% more than the normal of 47.2 mm. 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 2 and 3 only

      3. 1 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

 

  1. Scientists have found that a dinosaur fossil ‘Thanatotheristes’, in:

 

  1. Mexico

  2. Algeria

  3. Egypt

  4. Canada

 

  1. Which one of the following is the highest-altitude site in the world where scientists have obtained a climate record from an ice core?

 

      1. Siachen Glacier

      2. Pine Island Glacier

      3. Dasuopu Glacier

      4. Canada Glacier

 

 

Answers

  1. C 2.B 3.A 4.D 5.C


 
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