Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 24th March 2020

 

INDIA-FRANCE DEFENCE RELATIONS 


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests.

Image result for INDIA-FRANCE DEFENCE RELATIONS


Context

India and France have conducted joint patrols from the Reunion Island for the first time. 

 

About the patrols

  • The Indian Navy conducted a joint patrol with with the French Navy from the Reunion Island in February. 

  • The patrol was conducted by a P-8I aircraft with French Navy personnel onboard. 

  • This shows India’s intent to engage with friendly foreign partners in expanding its footprint on the Indian Ocean.

  • France is also the first country to deploy a liaison officer at the Indian Navy’s Information Fusion Centre (IFC-IOR) as part of efforts to improve maritime domain awareness (MDA). 

 

About the partnership

  • France has steadily emerged as a major strategic partner for India with big-ticket defence deals and increased military-to-military engagement.

  • The Indian Navy is currently inducting French Scorpene conventional submarines, being built in India under technology transfer, and the Indian Air Force will soon get the first batch of its 36 Rafale fighter jets.

 

About the Réunion island

 

  • Réunion is an overseas department and region of the France and an island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar and southwest of Mauritius.

  • It is above a hotspot in the Earth's crust. 

  • The Piton de la Fournaise, a shield volcano on the eastern end of Réunion Island, rises more than 2,631 m above sea level.

 

Source: The Hindu.


V K PAUL COMMITTEE

 

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Image result for V K PAUL COMMITTEE

Context

The government has constituted a high level technical committee of Public Health Experts for COVID-19 to guide the prevention and control activities in the country.

 

About the committee

  • The 21 member committee will be headed by NITI Aayog member Dr V K Paul.

  • Union Health Secretary Preeti Sudan and Director General Indian Council of Medical Research are the Co-Chair. 


Source: AIR.


POINT-OF-CARE TESTING


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 

Context

The US Food and Drug Administration has approved a corona virus diagnostic test that can be conducted entirely at the point-of-care and can deliver results in 45 minutes.

 

About the Test

 

  • The test will be able to provide  results within hours, rather than days like the existing tests.

  • Developed by California-based company Cephid, the test would help fast identification of infected people and quickly start treating them and their quarantine.

  • Point-of-care testing means results are delivered to patients in the patient care settings, like hospitals, urgent care centres and emergency rooms, instead of samples being sent to a laboratory. 


Source: AIR.


IUSSTF


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests.

 


Context

  • A total of 14 students from India will undertake a research internship at Viterbi School of Engineering, University of Southern California, LA, USA. 

  • The internship would commence from mid-May for a period of 8 weeks.

 

About the program

 

  • The Viterbi Program of IUSSTF was developed between IUSSTF and the Viterbi School of Engineering, University of Southern California (USC).

  • The Indo-U.S. Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF) was established under an agreement between the Governments of India and the United States of America in 2000.

  • It is an autonomous bilateral organization jointly funded by both the Governments that promote Science, Technology, Engineering, and Innovation through substantive interaction among government, academia, and industry.

  • The Department of Science & Technology (DST), Governments of India, and the U.S. Department of State are respective nodal departments. 

 

Source: PIB.

 

CHLOROQUINE AND HYDROXYCHLOROQUIN

 

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

 

Context

National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) has clarified that there is no shortage of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine.


Highlights

 

  • Hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine are oral prescription drugs that have been used for treatment of malaria and certain inflammatory conditions.

  • Chloroquine has been used for malaria treatment and chemoprophylaxis.

  • Hydroxychloroquine is used for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and porphyria cutanea tarda.

  • Both drugs have in-vitro activity against SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2, and other coronaviruses, with hydroxychloroquine having relatively higher potency against SARS-CoV-2.

  • Based upon limited in-vitro and anecdotal data, chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine are currently recommended for treatment of hospitalized COVID-19 patients in several countries. 


Source: AIR.

 

SOLIDARITY TRIAL


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.


Context

With outbreaks gaining steam in many countries, the global COVID-19 total passed 200,000 reported cases today, and the World Health Organization (WHO) announced a large international clinical trial to test five treatment regimens.

 

Highlights

 

  • Multiple small trials using different methods may not yield strong evidence needed to reveal which ones can save lives. 

  • So, WHO has organized a large international study—called the SOLIDARITY trial—to get more robust data.

  • The streamlined randomized trial can be adjusted based on countries' availability of the drugs and can be adjusted to include other arms. 

 

Source: UN.

 

FISH FOSSIL SHOW HOW FINS EVOLVED INTO HUMAN HANDS

 

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Image result for FISH FOSSIL SHOW HOW FINS EVOLVED INTO HUMAN HANDS

Context

Researchers have revealed new insights into how the human hand evolved from fish fins based on their analysis of an ancient fossil found in Miguasha, Canada.

About the fossil

 

  • Palaeontologists said the fish specimen has yielded the missing evolutionary link in the transition from fish to four legged animals.

  • They said this happened during the Late Devonian period, millions of years ago, as fish began to foray in habitats such as shallow water and land.

  • The study, published in the journal Nature, noted that the 1.57 m long fossil shows the complete arm — pectoral fin — skeleton for the first time in any elpistostegalian fish.

  • This is the first time researchers have unequivocally discovered fingers locked in a fin with fin-rays in any known fish.

  • The finding pushes back the origin of fingers in vertebrates to the fish level. 

  • The evolution of fishes into four-legged vertebrates was one of the most significant events in the history of life. 


Source: The Hindu.


MAULIS


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.


Context

In an attempt to ensure that the honey collected from the Sunderbans does not involve tiger attacks, Directorate of Forest 24 Parganas (South), along with WWF India, has come up with a novel mechanism of community apiculture for collecting the forest produce.

 

Highlights

 

  • From time immemorial, people from the villages of Sunderbans have been venturing into the dense mangrove forest inhabited by the royal Bengal tiger to collect honey.

  • Maulis (honey collectors), as they are called in Bengali, often risk their lives in the peak season to collect honey. 

  • Going by the official estimates, at least five to six of these honey hunters (official figures) are killed by tigers every year.

  • Human tiger conflict is a major issue in the Sunderbans. 

  • In the State of Art Report on the Biodiversity of Sunderbans, released by WWF India in 2017, between 1985 to 2009, tigers attacked 789 persons, of which 666 succumbed to their injuries. Nearly 14% of the victims were honey hunters. 


Source: The Hindu.

 

CARISSA KOPILII

 

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

 

Context

The study on the Carissa kopilii, a wild berry, was published in the latest issue of the Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity.


Highlights

 

  • The Carissa kopilii is threatened by the very river it is named after — Kopili in central Assam.

  • A hydroelectric project on the river and water turned acidic because of coal mining in Meghalaya upstream.

  • The “sun-loving” plant is distributed sparsely, rooted in rocky crevices along the Kopili riverbed at altitudes ranging from 85-600 metres above sea level.

  • Carissa kopilii, yielding white flowers from August-October and fruits from November-January, should have all the medicinal and utilitarian properties. 


Source: The Hindu.


OLIVE RIDLEYS


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

 

 

Context

In a rare sight after a gap of seven years, mass nesting of olive ridley turtles was witnessed during the daytime along the Rushikulya rookery coast in Odisha’s Ganjam district.

 

Highlights

 

  • They inhabit warm waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans. 

  • These turtles spend their entire lives in the ocean, and migrate thousands of kilometres between feeding and mating grounds in the course of a year.

  • These turtles, along with their cousin the Kemps ridley turtle, are best known for their unique mass nesting called Arribada. i.e. thousands of females come together on the same beach to lay eggs.

  • The coast of Odisha in India is the largest mass nesting site for the Olive-ridley, followed by the coasts of Mexico and Costa Rica.

  • Usually, olive ridleys prefer to nest in darkness. 

  • Sometimes due to pressure of delivery time, they may be opting to nest at daytime.


Source: The Hindu.

 

Map of the Day–Madagascar


Image result for Madagascar MAP


Quote for the Day


“Many of life’s failures are people who did not realize how close they were to success when they gave up.”– Thomas A. Edison 

Mains Answer Writing


  1. National Human Rights Commission is a toothless tiger. Comment. (250 Words).

  2. What is Junta curfew? What are other effective strategies of virus control and challenges around them? (250 Words).

  3. Janta curfew is difficult but necessary. Comment. (250 Words).


Test your Knowledge



  1. Article 75 of the Constitution of India says that the council of ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha. What does this implies?

    1. The ministry stays in office so long as it enjoys confidence of the majority of the members of the Lok Sabha. 

    2. The Lok Sabha can remove the ministry from office by passing a no-confidence motion.

    3. The motion needs the support of 100 members to be admitted.  

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 1 and 3 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Consider the following statements about the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

    1. The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. 

    2. The 20 Goals are all interconnected, and in order to leave no one behind, it is important that we achieve them all by 2030. 

    3. One of the SDGs highlights the need to develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 1 and 3 only

      3. 1, 3 and 4 only

      4. AOTA

 

  1. Consider the following statements about the pardoning power enjoyed by the President of India:

    1. The pardoning power of the President is independent of the Judiciary as it is an executive power. 

    2. The President while exercising this power sits as a court of appeal. 

    3. The object of conferring this power on the President is to keep the door open for correcting any judicial errors in the operation of law and to afford relief from a sentence, which the President regards as unduly harsh.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 2 only

      3. 1 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. World Happiness Report is released by

      1. UNESCO

      2. Sustainable Development Solutions Network

      3. World Bank

      4. Cornell University INSEAD

 

  1. The terms LEMOA,COMCASA,BECA were seen in the news recently, are related to

      1. Defence pacts between India and Israel

      2. Defence pacts between India and U.S

      3. Trade deal between India and U.S

      4. Trade deal between India and Iran


Answers

  1. A2.B 3.C4.B 5.B