Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 26thMarch 2020

 

UGADI


Focus: GS1.

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

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Context

The Vice President of India has wished the people on the eve of Ugadi, Gudi Padava, Chaitra Sukladi, Sajibu Cheiraoba, Navreh and Cheti Chandwhich mark the beginning of a new year in different parts of India.

 

About the festival

 

  • Yugadi (also known as Samvatsaradi or ugadi): It is the New Year's Day for the people of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states in India. It is observed in these regions on the first day of month of Chaitra (the first month of lunar calendar). 

  • Gudi Padwa: Maharashtrians term celebrate the festival as Gudi Padwa

  • Cheti Chand: Sindhis celebrate the same day as Cheti Chand.

  • Sajibu Nongma Panba (also called Meetei Cheiraoba or Sajibu Cheiraoba): Manipuris also celebrate the same day as Sajibu Nongma Panba.

  • Traditionally, these festivals mark the onset of New Year and the warmer months and they reflect values of prosperity and well being.

 

Source: PIB.

 

INVEST INDIA BUSINESS IMMUNITY PLATFORM


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

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Context

Invest India, India’s national Investment Promotion & Facilitation Agency, under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry has launched The Invest India Business Immunity Platform.

 

About the platform

 

  • The platform, hosted on the Invest India website, is designed as a comprehensive resource to help businesses and investors get real-time updates on India’s active response to Coronavirus.

  • The Business Immunity Platform (BIP) is the active platform for business issue redressal, operating 24/7, with a team of dedicated sector experts and responding to queries at the earliest. 

 

Source: PIB.

 

NATIONAL CENTRE FOR DISEASE CONTROL

 

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

 

Context

Union Minister of Health & Family Welfare visited National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) Control Room and the Testing Laboratories.


About the Institute

 

  • The Institute is under administrative control of the Director General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India.

  • The Director, an officer of the Public Health sub-cadre of Central Health Service, is the administrative and technical head of the Institute.

  • The National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), formerly National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) had its origin as Central Malaria Bureau, established at Kasauli (Himachal Pradesh) in 1909.

  • It functions as the nodal agency in the country for disease surveillance facilitating prevention and control of communicable diseases.

  • Headquarters is in New Delhi. 


Source: PIB.

 

CESS FUND TO SUPPORT CONSTRUCTION WORKERS


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

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Context

Ministry of Labour has issued advisory to all the States to use cess fund for Welfare of Construction Workers in the wake of COVID-19.

 

Highlights

 

  • In the advisory, Labour Minister has asked the States to transfer funds in the account of construction workers through DBT mode from the Cess fund collected by the Labour Welfare Boards under the Building and Other Construction Workers Act, 1996.

  • About 52000 crore rupees are available as cess fund and about 3.5 crore construction workers are registered with these Construction welfare Boards. 

 

Source: AIR.

 

MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT LOCAL AREA DEVELOPMENT SCHEME (MPLADS)

 

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

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Context

Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) has issued a circular granting one-time dispensation for utilizing funds under the Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) to address the challenges in the fight against COVID-19.

About the scheme

 

  • The Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) was launched in 1993.

  • Initially, Ministry of Rural Development was the Nodal Ministry for this scheme. 

  • In October, 1994 this scheme was transferred to the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

  • The Scheme is fully funded by the Government of India under which funds are released in the form of grants-in-aid directly to the district authorities.

  • The funds released under the Scheme are non-lapsable, i.e., the entitlement of funds not released in a particular year is carried forward to the subsequent years, subject to eligibility.

  • At present, the annual entitlement per MP/ constituency is ₹ 5 crore.

  • Under it, the role of the Members of Parliament is limited to recommend works.

  • Thereafter, it is the responsibility of the district authority to sanction, execute and complete the works recommended within the stipulated time period.

  • The elected Lok Sabha Members can recommend works in their respective constituencies.

  • The elected members of the Rajya Sabha can recommend works anywhere in the state from which they are elected.

  • Nominated Members of the Parliament can recommend works for implementation, anywhere in the country.

  • MPLADS works can be implemented in areas affected by natural calamities like floods, cyclone, hailstorm, avalanche, cloudburst, pest attack, landslides, tornado, earthquake, drought, tsunami, fire and biological, chemical, radiological hazards, etc.

  • In order to accord special attention to the development of areas inhabited by Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs), 15 per cent of MPLADS funds are to be utilized for areas inhabited by SC population and 7.5 per cent for areas inhabited by ST population. 


Source: PIB.


CENTRAL DRUGS STANDARD CONTROL ORGANISATION


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


Context

First Made in India Test Kit to diagnose COVID-19 has got the commercial approval by the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO).

 

About the organisation

 

  • The Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) under Directorate General of Health Services, Union Ministry of Health is the National Regulatory Authority (NRA) of India.

  • Its headquarter in New Delhi.

  • Under the Drugs & Cosmetics Act,1940, CDSCO is responsible for approval of Drugs, Conduct of Clinical Trials, laying down the standards for Drugs, control over the quality of imported Drugs in the country. 


Source: AIR.

 

FDI IN DEFENCE SECTOR


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Image result for FDI IN DEFENCE SECTOR

Context

Raksha Mantri informed Rajya Sabha about the Relaxation of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) norms in Defence Sector.

 

About the relaxation

 

  • In 2001, the Defence Industry sector, which was hitherto reserved for the public sector, was opened upto 100% for Indian private sector participation, with FDI upto 26% both subject to licensing.

  • Further, Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce & Industry has allowed FDI under automatic route upto 49% and above 49% through government route wherever it is likely to result in access to modern technology.

  • Further, FDI in defence industry sector is subject to industrial license under Industries (Development & Regulation) Act, 1951 and manufacturing of small arms and ammunition under the Arms Act, 1959. 


Source: PIB.


INDIAN BANKS' ASSOCIATION

 

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

 

Context

In the wake of the coronavirus outbreak, Indian Banks' Association (IBA) has made an appeal to people to wash their hands after touching or counting currency.

 

About the Association

 

  • Indian Banks' Association (IBA) was formed in 1946.

  • It is a representative body of management of banking in India operating in India - an association of Indian banks and financial institutions based in Mumbai.

  • IBA was formed for development, coordination and strengthening of Indian banking, and assist the member banks in various ways including implementation of new systems and adoption of standards among the members.

  • The members comprise of: Public Sector Banks, Private Sector Banks, Foreign Banks having offices in India, Co-operative Banks, Regional Rural Banks and All India Financial Institution. 


Source: AIR.


KURZARBEIT SCHEME

 

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

 

Context

Amid the all-round disruption caused to the economy by the novel coronavirus outbreak, various governments have unveiled various measures to address such concerns, and one of the most talked about is Germany’s Kurzarbeit scheme.


About the scheme

 

  • Kurzarbeit is German for “short-work”. The policy provides for a short-time work allowance, called kurzarbeitgeld, which partially compensates for lost earnings during uncertain economic situations.

  • The policy was rolled out during the 2008 economic crisis while its origins date back as far as the early 20th century, before and after World War I.

 

Highlights

 

  • When companies face a loss of earnings due to unforeseen economic situations, they often need to cut back on their working hours or send some of their employees home.

  • The Kurzarbeit scheme aims to address workers who are impacted by loss of income due to shortened work hours during such times. 

  • They can apply for short-term work benefits under the scheme, with the government stepping in to pay employees a part of their lost income.

  • This helps the companies retain their employees instead of laying them off, and allows the latter to sustain themselves for a period of up to 12 months. 


Source: Indian Express.


NATIONAL FORENSIC SCIENCES UNIVERSITY BILL, 2020


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

 

 

Context

Minister for Home Affairs introduced the National Forensic Sciences University Bill, 2020 in the Lok Sabha.

 

About the bill

 

  • The bill seeks to establish a National Forensic Sciences University as an institution of national importance by upgrading the Gujarat Forensic Sciences University in Gandhinagar.

  • The proposed National Forensic Sciences University will promote studies and research in forensic science in conjunction with applied behavioural science studies, law, criminology and other allied areas for strengthening criminal justice system in the country. 


Source: Business Standard.

 

Map of the Day–Germany

Image result for germany map



Quote for the Day


"Success is walking from failure to failure with no loss of enthusiasm." - Winston Churchill

Mains Answer Writing


  1. Examine the issues around the MSME sector, and suggest solutions to strengthen the same. (250 Words).

  2. What is operation twist? How is it going to help maintain the economic stability of the country? (250 Words).

  3. Civil services need structural reforms. Critically comment. (250 Words).


Test your Knowledge



  1. Which of the following sectors which come under the ‘100% Automatic Route’ category of the ‘Foreign direct investment (FDI)’?

    1. Defence

    2. White Label ATM Operations

    3. Asset Reconstruction Companies

    4. Tourism & Hospitality

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 

      1. 1, 2 and 3 only

      2. 2, 3 and 4 only

      3. 1, 2 and 4 only

      4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

 

  1. With reference to the World Water Day, consider the following statements:

    1. The World Water Day 2020 was observed on 22nd March.

    2. The theme this year was "Water and Climate Change”.

    3. Greenpeace is the convener for World Water Day.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 2 and 3 only

      3. 1, 3 and 4 only

      4. AOTA

 

  1. With reference to the Body Coveralls, consider the following statements:

    1. It is a specialized protective suit meant for high level of protection to the health professionals.

    2. The technical standard for the Coveralls was prescribed as per WHO class-3 exposure pressure in accordance with ISO 16003 or its equivalent.

    3. It is prescribed by Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 2 only

      3. 1 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. The anniversary of the deaths of who among the following on 23 March 1931, is declared to be Martyr's Day in India?

      1. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru

      2. Surya Sen

      3. Bagha Jatin

      4. Ashfaqulla Khan

 

  1. What is Anosmia, recently seen in news?

      1. Loss of sense of smell

      2. Diminished sense of taste

      3. Loss of appetite

      4. Loss of breathing


Answers

  1. B 2.A 3.D 4.A 5.A