Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 2nd June 2020

 

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Which Countries Are The Biggest Financial Contributors To The ...

Context


United States President Donald Trump has announced that America is terminating its relationship with the World Health Organization over its handling of the Coronavirus. He blamed WHO and China for the deaths and destruction caused by the COVID-19 pandemic across the globe.  

About the Background

  • The US President said, because they have failed to make the requested and greatly needed reforms, the United States will be terminating its relationship with WHO forthwith and redirecting those funds to other worldwide and deserving, urgent global public health needs. 

  • He said that the world needs answers from China on the virus.

  • In his speech from the Rose Garden of the White House, Mr.Trump also announced that the US will end the special treatment of Hong Kong in response to the Chinese imposition of new controls. 

  • The US will revise its travel advisory to warn of surveillance in Hong Kong, he added.

 

About WHO

  • It is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for international public health.

  • The WHO Constitution, which establishes the agency's governing structure and principles, states its main objective as "the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health."

  • It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, with six semi-autonomous regional offices and 150 field offices worldwide.

  • The WHO was established by constitution on 7 April 1948, which is commemorated as World Health Day.

  • The WHO's broad mandate includes advocating for universal healthcare, monitoring public health risks, coordinating responses to health emergencies, and promoting human health and well-being.


Source: AIR.


LINE OF ACTUAL CONTROL


Focus: GS2.

Topic: India and its neighbourhood- relations.

China-India border: Why tensions are rising between the neighbours ...

Context

As tensions continue between India and China along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), a look at what the line means on the ground and the disagreements over it.

 

About the Line of actual control

  • The LAC is the demarcation that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory. 

  • India considers the LAC to be 3,488 km long, while the Chinese consider it to be only around 2,000 km. 

  • It is divided into three sectors: the eastern sector which spans Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim, the middle sector in Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, and the western sector in Ladakh.

 

About the disagreement

  • The alignment of the LAC in the eastern sector is along the 1914 McMahon Line, and there are minor disputes about the positions on the ground as per the principle of the high Himalayan watershed. 

  • This pertains to India’s international boundary as well, but for certain areas such as Longju and Asaphila. 

  • The line in the middle sector is the least controversial but for the precise alignment to be followed in the Barahoti plains.

  • The major disagreements are in the western sector where the LAC emerged from two letters written by Chinese Prime Minister Zhou Enlai to PM Jawaharlal Nehru in 1959, after he had first mentioned such a ‘line’ in 1956. 

  • In his letter, Zhou said the LAC consisted of “the so-called McMahon Line in the east and the line up to which each side exercises actual control in the west”. 

  • Shivshankar Menon has explained in his book Choices: Inside the Making of India’s Foreign Policy that the LAC was “described only in general terms on maps not to scale” by the Chinese.

  • After the 1962 War, the Chinese claimed they had withdrawn to 20 km behind the LAC of November 1959. Zhou clarified the LAC again after the war in another letter to Nehru: “To put it concretely, in the eastern sector it coincides in the main with the so-called McMahon Line, and in the western and middle sectors it coincides in the main with the traditional customary line which has consistently been pointed out by China”. 

  • During the Doklam crisis in 2017, the Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson urged India to abide by the “1959 LAC”.

 

Source: Indian Express.


CHAMPIONS


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.


Context

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the technology platform ‘Champions’ which stands for the Creation and Harmonious Application of Modern Processes for Increasing the Output and National Strength to empower MSMEs.

 

Background

  • According to a PIB release outlining the platform’s objectives, this portal "is a one-stop place for the MSME sector. 

  • The focus areas are support & hand-holding, grievance redressal, harnessing entrepreneurial talent, and discovering new business opportunities."

 

About the platform

 

  • Some of the major objectives of this portal are to help the MSMEs in this difficult situation in terms of finance, raw materials, labour, permissions, etc. 

  • And, also help the MSMEs capture new opportunities including manufacturing of medical items & accessories.

  • The platform also aims to identify the sparks, i.e., the bright MSMEs who can withstand at present and become national and international champions.

  • It is a technology-packed control room-cum-management information system. 

  • In addition to ICT tools including telephone, internet, and video conference, the system is enabled by Artificial Intelligence, Data Analytics, and Machine Learning. 

  • It is also fully integrated on a real-time basis with GOI’s main grievances portal CPGRAMS and MSME Ministry’s own other web-based mechanisms. 

  • The entire ICT architecture is created in house with the help of NIC at no cost. Similarly, the physical infrastructure is created in one of the ministry’s dumping rooms in record time.


Source: Times of India.

 

PM SVANidhi

 

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.

PM SVANidhi scheme Know What is This Yojana Who Will Get Benefited ...

Context

  • Union Government launched PM SVANIDHI - Pradhan Mantri Street Vendor’s Atmanirbhar Nidhi - a special micro-credit facility scheme for providing affordable loan to street vendors. 

  • The scheme is aimed at enabling the street vendors to resume their livelihoods that have been adversely affected due to COVID-19 lockdown.


About the background

  • Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry launched the scheme in pursuance of the announcement made by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman last month. 

  • Street vendors play a significant role in ensuring availability of the goods and services at affordable rates at the door-step of the city dwellers.


About the scheme

  • The scheme targets to benefit over 50 lakh street vendors, who had been vending on or before 24th March this year, in urban areas. 

  • The duration of the scheme is till March 2022. 

  • The street vendors belonging to the surrounding peri-urban or rural areas are being included as beneficiaries under the urban livelihoods program for the first time.

  • The vendors can avail a working capital loan of upto ten thousand rupees, which is repayable in monthly installments in the tenure of one year. 

  • On timely and early repayment of the loan, an interest subsidy at the rate of seven percent per annum will be credited to the bank accounts of beneficiaries through Direct Benefit Transfer on a six-monthly basis.


Highlights

  • The Ministry said, if the vendor will repay the installments in time or earlier, they will develop a credible credit score that makes him eligible for a higher amount of term loan to 20 thousand rupees and so on. 

  • Urban Local Bodies will play a pivotal role in the implementation of the scheme. 

  • The lending institutions under the Scheme include Scheduled Commercial Banks, Regional Rural Banks, Small Finance Banks, Cooperative Banks, NBFCs, Micro Finance institutions, and Self Help Group banks.

  • In order to ensure fast implementation of the scheme with transparency, a digital platform with a web portal and mobile app is being developed to administer the scheme with an end-to-end solutions. 

  • The IT platform will also help in integrating the vendors into the formal financial system.


Source: AIR.


WORLD MILK DAY


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

40 World Milk Day 2019 Wish Pictures And Images

Context

  • World Milk day was established by the (FAO) Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN 20 years ago. 

  • It is celebrated to recognize the importance of milk as a global food. 

  • Since its inception in 2001, World Milk day celebrations have been joined by many countries. 

  • The number is growing each year as the benefits of milk and other dairy products have been actively publicized throughout the world.

 

About the Background

  • June 1 is celebrated as World Milk day every year. 

  • 2020 marks the 20th anniversary of World Milk day. 

  • The day is celebrated to bring attention to how dairy supports the livelihoods of one billion people.

 

About the theme

  • The theme for World Milk day 2020 is ‘the 20th Anniversary of World Milk Day’. 

  • The day is being celebrated to promote the health benefits of milk and dairy products. 

  • Last year, the theme on this day was ‘Drink Milk: Today & Everyday’.

 

About the day

  • India has become the largest producer of milk in the world with over 150 million tonnes of production in the last few years. 

  • This day is celebrated with a lot of zeal in India.

 

Source: India Today.


ULTRA SWACHH


Focus: GS3.

Topic: indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

MoD | DRDO develops Ultra Swachh for disinfection of PPEs and ...

Context

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed a disinfection unit called 'Ultra Swachh' to disinfect a wide range of materials, including Personal Protective Equipment (PPEs), electronics items, fabrics, etc.

 

Background

  • A Delhi based laboratory of DRDO, Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences (INMAS), developed this product with industry partner M/s Gel Craft Healthcare Private Ltd, Ghaziabad.

  • The system uses an advanced oxidative process consisting of multiple barrier disruption approaches using Ozonated Space Technology for disinfection. 

 

About the system

  • The system is double layered with specialised Ozone sealant technology ensuring trapping of ozone for the necessary disinfection cycle. 

  • It also has a catalytic converter to ensure environment-friendly exhaust, i.e. only oxygen and water. 

  • The system is in compliance with the International Standards of industrial, occupational, personal, and environmental safety.

  • The Ultra Swachh comes in two variants namely Ozonated Space and Trinetra Technology. 

  • Trinetra technology is a combination of Ozonated space and radical dispenser. 

  • Treatment is optimised with automation for a quick disinfection cycle. 

  • The system operates on 15 Ampere, 220 Volts, 50 Hertz power supply.

  • The system has been provided with various safety features such as emergency shutdown, door interlocks, dual door, delay cycle, and leak monitors, etc to ensure safe operations for longer duration.

  • Dimensions of the Industrial Cabinet are 7’x4’x3.25’ to disinfect large quantities at a time. Cabinets of different sizes will be available for the industry. 

 

Source: Times of India.


LONG RANGE FORECAST

 

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

Insights into Editorial: IMD's first long-range monsoon forecast ...

Context

  • Indian Meteorological Department, IMD confirmed the arrival of the southwest monsoon in Kerala. 

  • June 1 is the normal date for the monsoon to reach Kerala. Last year the monsoon got a bit late and reached on June 8. 

  • The IMD Director-General told that the Southwest monsoon has set in over Kerala today, 1st June 2020.

 

About the Background

  • In the last 24 hours, most parts of Kerala have reported heavy to very heavy rainfall. 

  • IMD says Kozhikode recorded 9 cm of rain but Vadakara in Kozhikode reported 15 cm of rain which was the maximum in Kerala. 

  • Trivandrum meanwhile saw 6 cm of rain.

  • IMD also announced the 2nd Long Range Forecast for Southwest Monsoon 2020. 

  • IMD says, 'Rainfall over the country for 2020 southwest monsoon season (June to September) is most likely to be normal (96% to 104% of Long Period Average (LPA).' 

  • Qualitatively, monsoon rain is likely to be 102% of the LPA with a model error of ± 4%.

 

Highlights

  • Rainfall over North-west India is expected to be 107% of LPA, 103% of LPA over central India, 102% of LPA over South peninsula & 96% of LPA over North-East India, with a model error of ± 8%. 

  • IMD also mentioned that there is some possibility of La Niña conditions in the later part of the monsoon season.

  • This time the arrival of monsoon in Kerala is accompanied by depression over the Arabian Sea which is moving with a speed of 7 kmph. 

  • It is expected to intensify into a cyclonic storm 'Nisarga' during next 24 hours. 

  • It is currently 340 km southeast of Panjim, 630 km south-southwest of Mumbai & 850 km south-southwest of Surat.

  • The Sea condition is expected to remain rough to very rough over East-central & adjoining Southeast Arabian Sea during next 48 hours.

 

Source: Business Standard.

 

MUDRA SHISHU LOAN

 

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Mudra Loan: Scheme Benefits, Types, Purpose, Details

Context

  • Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman said the government will offer 2% interest rate subvention for a period of 12 months to prompt loan payees under the Mudra scheme.

  • The decision is expected to bring much-needed relief to small borrowers under the Mudra Shishu loans up to 50,000.


Background

  • Small businesses have been severely hit with the imposition of nearly a two-month-long nationwide lockdown aimed at curbing the spread of COVID-19. 

  • This has also impacted the ability of these borrowers to repay their loans.

  • The announcement is a part of the second tranche of nine measures being announced aimed at migrants, street vendors, small traders, and farmers as part of the 20 trillion packages to revive the economy.

 

About the scheme

  • In 2015-16, the National Democratic Alliance government had announced the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojna (PMMY) to ensure better access to credit for small firms, boost entrepreneurship and promote financial inclusion.

  • Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency (Mudra) was started to refinance loans of up to 10 lakh given by banks and other lending institutions to small borrowers.

  • Under the scheme, a collateral-free loan of up to 10 lakh falls under three categories—Shishu, Kishore, and Tarun. 

  • Loans from 50,001 to 5 lakh are disbursed under Kishore. 

  • The third category is for loans of 5-10 lakh.

  • According to the Mudra website, 58.36 million loans worth 3.16 trillion have been disbursed during 2019-20 data updated on 27 March showed.


Source: LiveMint.


MICRO, SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

 

Context

  • The Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, took decisions that will have a transformative impact on the lives of farmers, the MSME sector, and those working as street vendors. 

  • This was the first meeting of the Union Cabinet after the Central government entered into its second year in office.

 

Background

  • More than six crore MSMEs have a crucial role to play in building a stronger and self-reliant India. 

  • In the aftermath of COVID-19 pandemic, PM Modi has recognised the role of MSMEs in building the nation. 

  • Notably, the MSMEs formed a very prominent part of the announcements made under the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan.  

 

Highlights

  • Under this package, the MSME sector has not only been given substantial allocation but has also been accorded priority in the implementation of the measures to revive the economy. 

  • Implementation relating to several of the key announcements have been made already.

  • Upward revision of MSME Definition. 

  • This is yet another step towards ease of doing business. 

  • This will help in attracting investments and creating more jobs in the MSME sector; 

  • Proposal for provisioning of Rs 20,000 crore as subordinate debt to provide equity support to the stressed MSMEs has been formally approved by the cabinet. 

  • This will benefit 2 lakh stressed MSMEs. 

  • Proposal for equity infusion of Rs 50,000 crores for MSMEs through fund of funds has also been approved by the Cabinet today. 

  • This will establish a framework to help MSMEs in managing the debt-equity ratio and in their capacity augmentation. 

  • This will also provide an opportunity to get listed in stock exchanges.

 

Source: LiveMint.


Map of the Day–Maldives

map of Maldives Ilands | Maldives travel, Maldives island, Visit ...



Quote for the Day


“If you want to shine like sun first you have to burn like it.”― Hitler

 

Mains Answer Writing


  1. Highlight in detail the disputed boundary areas between India and China, the reasons for these disputes and explain why they are on rise in recent times and also suggest methods to address them. (250 Words).

  2. Discuss the potential and prospects of having Atmanirbhar Bharat as the right impetus for local manufacturing in a world overly dependent on China. (250 Words).

  3. Highlight the achievement made by SpaceX Crew Dragon capsule. (250 Words).


Test your Knowledge



  1. Consider the following statements wrt  CHAMPIONS platform:

    1. It is launched to empower MSMEs.

    2. It stands for Creation and Harmonious Application of Modern Processes for Increasing the Output and National Strength. 

    3. It is a real one-stop-shop solution of Ministry of Finance.

 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 1 and 3 only

    4. AOTA

 

  1. Consider the following statements with regard to the Responsible AI for Youth Program:

    1. It is launched by the Minister for Electronics & Information Technology, Government of India. 

    2. The aim of this Program is to give the young students of our country a platform and empower them with appropriate new age technology mind-set, relevant AI skill-sets and access to required AI tool-sets to make them digitally ready for the future. 

    3. The National Programme is open to students of classes 10 - 12 from Central and State government-run schools from across the country - all 28 States and 8 Union Territories.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 only

      2. 1 and 2 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Which of the following statement(s) about THAAD is correct?

    1. It hits the target with speed more than S 400 missile defence system.

    2. It has capability to intercept and destroy short, medium and intermediate range ballistic missiles at the range of 200 Km.

    3. It can also engage UAVs and in aircraft, it can engage fighters, AWACS, J-STARS, EA-6B support jammers.

Select the incorrect answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 1 and 3 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. 38th parallel recently in news divides

      1. North Korea and south Korea

      2. China and North Korea

      3. China and Sakhalin Island

      4. Japan and South Korea

 

  1. Which of the following is not part of the MUDRA loan scheme?

    1. Shishu

    2. Kishor

    3. Yuvan

    4. Tarun


Answers

  1. A 2.B 3.B 4.A 5.C


 
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