Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 3rd June 2020

 

G7

 

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

G7 summit 2019

Context

US President Donald Trump said the G7 group was "very outdated" and has postponed a scheduled summit to September to include India, Russia, South Korea and Australia in the meeting.

 

About G7

  • The G7, comprising France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the US, the UK, and Canada, were scheduled to meet in June. 

  • Russia was added to the group in the mid-1990s and was a member of the so-called G8 till 2014 when it was ejected for the annexation of Crimea.

 

About the summit Highlights

  • The September summit is expected to focus on how to deal with China.

  • Trump at one point "described the theoretical gathering as the ‘G10 or G11’ which would mean making those countries members — something he cannot do on his own.

  • German Chancellor Angela Merkel has reportedly refused to attend the meet given the invitation extended to Russia.

  • This will be the second time in a row that India will be at the so-called "high table" of a group previously seen as representing the world’s most industrialised countries. 

  • India was part of the extended G7 meeting held in France last year.

  • It is unsure how the group will come together on dealing with China given the internal dynamics — many of the G7 countries are opposed to Russia rejoining the group. 

  • Secondly Russia is seen as an ally of China and has been critical of the US in recent times.

 

Source: Indian Express.


WORLD BICYCLE DAY


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Celebrate World Bicycle Day on June 3rd | World Cycling Alliance

Context

  • When it comes to our health, we often forget that the simplest of things would be the most beneficial, something like a bicycle that would not only be good for the environment but for us too. 

  • So on June 3, which has been marked as World Bicycle Day, we take a look at the founding and significance of the day and how we can celebrate it.

 

Background

  • First of all, this is the third anniversary of World Bicycle Day, which was declared by the United Nations General Assembly on April 2018. 

  • The idea behind it is to recognise the longevity, uniqueness and versatility of the bicycle, and that it is an affordable, reliable, simple, clean and environmentally fit sustainable means of transport.

 

About the day

  • It all began when Professor Leszek Sibilski of the US and his Sociology class led a grassroots campaign to promote a UN Resolution to designate a day that would celebrate and promote the use of the bicycle around the world. 

  • The campaign grew, and the resolution was sponsored by Turkmenistan and co-sponsored by 56 countries.

  • A #June3WorldBicycleDay logo was designed by Isaac Feld and an accompanying animation, which depicts bicyclists of various types riding around the globe, was created by Professor John E. Swanson. 

  • The main message behind it was to show that the bicycle is for all and that it serves all of humanity. 

  • The two are also behind the creation of the current blue and white logo and animation.

 

Source: Times of India.


ANTIFA

 

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Trump′s threat to label Antifa terrorist group triggers row in ...

Context

  • US President Donald Trump has said that America will designate “far-left extremist group” Antifa as a terrorist organisation in view of its role in violence across the country after the killing of a black man by a white police officer in Minnesota.

  • Antifa, regarded as a militant, left-wing, anti-fascist political activist movement in the US, comprises autonomous activist groups that aim to achieve their political objectives through the use of direct action rather than through policy reforms.


About the background

  • The Trump administration is blaming this far-left extremist group for the sudden spike in violent protests across the country after the brutal killing of African American man George Floyd in Minneapolis. 

  • Almost all states in the US suffered in one of the worst race riots in the country in decades. 


About Antifa

  • US Historian Mark Bray, author of Antifa: The Anti-Fascist Handbook, tracks the history of the movement back to loosely coordinated socialists, communists, working class, and other liberal groups that took on fascism in the 1920s. 

  • He cites one of the earliest examples as Arditi del Popolo (The People’s Daring Ones), militia that fought against [Italy] Benito Mussolini’s infamous Blackshirts. 

  • The modern version of the Antifa, that has taken root in the US post the election of President Donald Trump, is rooted in the more recent manifestations of the movement in the 1970s and 80s across Europe. 


Highlights

  • The US remained a tinderbox of anger and emotion as rioting and looting linked to the protests left a trail of destruction .

  • The unrest initially began in Minneapolis in Minnesota but has now spread across the country, with reports of violence coming in from across major cities including Los Angeles, Chicago, New York, Houston, Philadelphia and Washington DC.

  • The violence instigated and carried out by Antifa and other similar groups in connection with the rioting is domestic terrorism and will be treated accordingly, Attorney General William P. Barr said in a statement. 

  • The Trump administration alleges that it appears the violence is planned, organised and driven by anarchistic and far left extremists using Antifa-like tactics, many of whom travel from out of state to promote the violence.


Source: The Week.

 

WHO FUNDING


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Chart: The Biggest Financial Contributors To The WHO | Statista

Context

With President Donald Trump announcing that the US will be "terminating" its relationship with the World Health Organisation (WHO), the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) is set to become the biggest funder of the organisation.

 

About the funding

  • A private foundation becoming the biggest funder, and hence the biggest influence, on a United Nations agency would be a first.

  • In fact, though the WHO is meant to be a body accountable to its members countries, among the top 10 donors to the organisation only four are member countries and one is the European Commission. 

  • The rest are all non-state actors or philanthropies.

  • When the WHO was constituted, its constitution stipulated that it should primarily be financed through regular contributions from member countries, called "assessed contributions", relative to the country’s wealth and population.


Source: Times of India.


MANDATORY PUBLIC PROCUREMENT OF CHEMICALS


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.


Context

The Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers said that mandatory public procurement of chemicals and petrochemicals to boost manufacturing and production of goods and services will promote Make in India.

 

Highlights

  • Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, DPIIT has recently revised the public procurement order to encourage Make in India initiative with an aim to enhance income and employment generation in the country.

  • Subsequently, the Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals prescribed a minimum 60 per cent for 2020-21, 70 per cent for 2021-23 and 80 per cent local content for 2023-25 respectively of local chemicals and petrochemical contents in public procurement. 

 

Source: AIR.

 

BIMAL JULKA COMMITTEE

 

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

Context

An Expert Committees on Rationalisation of Film Media Units and Review of Autonomous Bodies submitted its report to the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. The Committee was chaired by Bimal Julka.


About the committee

  • The committee has found overlapping activities being undertaken by multiple institutes.

  • It has suggested an umbrella configuration with 4 broad verticals under which institutes should work. 

  • They are - Production, Festival, Heritage and Knowledge. 

  • It has recommended that these verticals be headed by professionals.

  • It has also recommended creation of Film Promotion Fund for independent filmmakers for making commercial films.


Source: AIR.


CENTRAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE COUNCIL


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

Context

Union Minister of Rural Development chaired the 21st meeting of Central Employment Guarantee Council.

 

Highlights

  • The Central Employment Guarantee Council was constituted under Section 10 of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (Mahatma Gandhi NREGA), 2005.

  • Addressing the participants, the rural development minister said that for the Financial Year 2020-21, Rs.61,500 crore has been allocated for this programme which is an all-time high.

  • Additional provision of Rs.40,000 crore has been made for this programme under Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan to provide employment to the needy workers during this difficult period arising of COVID-19.

 

Source: PIB.

 

MINIMUM SUPPORT PRICES


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

Modi govt's MSP hike: Long on objective, short on details

Context


India has raised the price at which it could buy new-season summer crops, including rice by up to 50%, the farm minister told a news conference after a cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

 

About the Background

  • The government announces the so-called minimum support prices (MSPs) for various crops to set a benchmark. 

  • But state agencies buy limited quantities of staples such as rice and wheat at those prices, restricting the benefits of guaranteed prices to only around 7% of the country’s 263 million farmers, according to various studies.

  • But the government has decided to raise the support price by up to 50% to support farmers reeling from an extended lockdown to curb the spread of the coronavirus.

 

About Minimum Support Price

  • The minimum support price (MSP) is an agricultural product price set by the government of India to purchase directly from the farmer. 

  • This rate is to safeguard the farmer to a minimum profit for the harvest if the open market has a lesser price than the cost incurred. 

  • The Indian government sets the price for 22 commodities twice a year.

  • It is fixed by an expert group.


Source: Hindustan Times.


CYCLONE NISARGA


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

Maharashtra, Gujarat brace for Cyclone Nisarga amid COVID-19 ...

Context


Cyclone Nisarga is coming as a fresh reminder of climate change, which scientists say has pushed the number of cyclones in the otherwise pacific Arabian Sea. Cyclone Nisarga is likely to make landfall on 3rd June 2020 afternoon in Maharashtra exactly three weeks after Amphan hit Bengal.

 

About the Background

  • Cyclone Nisarga is also the second cyclone in the Arabian Sea within a week. 

  • The first one hit Oman on the western shore of the Arabian Sea on May 29 leaving at least three dead. 

  • Some affected areas of Oman received rains equivalent to two years of rainfall.

 

About the cyclone

  • Cyclone Nisarga meaning "nature" or "cosmos" in Bengali language - is predicted to wreak havoc in Mumbai and parts of Maharashtra.

  • Similar twin cyclones were witnessed in 2015 within a week in the Arabian Sea over Arabian Peninsula leaving a trail of devastation. 

  • This time, the two cyclones are on different shorelines.

  • Cyclone Nisarga has also strengthened the south-west monsoon. 

  • In its May 15 statement, the IMD had predicted the monsoon to be delayed by four days.

  • Monsoon was expected to hit the Kerala coast on June 5. 

  • But it came early on June 1, making the usual date primarily due to the pull of Cyclone Nisarga.

 

About the climate change impacts

  • The not-so sudden change in the cyclonic nature of the Arabian Sea has created a whole new set of problems. 

  • Frequent rains, flood over Arabian Peninsula and also locust plague in India, sourced all the way from Arabian deserts.

  • Climatologists are suggesting that the Arabian Sea is emerging as the new cradle of cyclones. 

  • Atmospheric scientist Hiroyuki Murakami conducted a study of the cyclones originating in the Arabian Sea and concluded that majority (64 per cent) of cyclonic storms in the region is due to climate change.

  • The IMD too admitted this in its statement on climate of India in January this year.

 

Highlights

  • This monsoon-cyclone combination was seen in 2019 also. 

  • But back then Cyclone Vayu had formed a week after the onset of south-west monsoon. 

  • Cyclone Vayu, however, dissipated but not before causing some damage in Saurashtra. 

  • But it impacted monsoon by arresting its advance till the third week of June.

 

Source: India Today.


Map of the Day–Venezuela

Map of Venezuela




Quote for the Day


“A genuine leader is not a searcher for consensus but a molder of consensus. ― Martin Luther King Jr.

 

Mains Answer Writing


  1. Explain the context of the economic crisis brought by the COVID-19 pandemic. (250 Words).

  2. Explain the situation in America with respect to the black citizens facing multiple pandemics. (250 Words).

  3. Explain the radical overhauling that is required in the health care system of the country to ensure it becomes more sustainable and responsive. (250 Words).


Test your Knowledge



  1. Consider the following statements wrt  WHO:

    1. It is a specialized agency of UNO.

    2. It is headquartered in New York.

    3. China is the top contributor of WHO.

Select the incorrect answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 1 and 3 only

    4. AOTA


  1. Consider the following statements with reference to Kisan Credit Card(KCC) scheme:

  1. The model scheme was prepared by the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD).

  2. The premium is borne by both the bank and borrower in a 2:1 ratio. 

  3. Farmers can also avail of collateral-free loans up to Rs 10 lakh.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 only

      2. 1 and 2 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Consider the following statements:

  1. Tropical Cyclones develop around a low pressure area in the centre

  2. Tropical Cyclones develop between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn

  3. Super Cyclonic storms have wind speeds around 2220 km/h or more.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 1 and 3 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Which of the following statements best describes the term Antifa , recently seen in the news:

 

      1. It is a reusable rocket developed by SPACE X

      2. It is a quick COVID 19 test kit

      3. It is a chemical used in production of Soyabean

      4. It is an Anti Fascist movement

 

  1. Bimal Julka is related to:

    1. COVID-19

    2. Issue of migrant workers

    3. Rationalisation of Film Media Units and Review of Autonomous Bodies 

    4. Disinvestment of PSUs


Answers

  1. B 2.B 3.A 4.D 5.C


 
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