PIB Weekly Analysis

Compilation of PIB News Articles

Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) aims to enhance fish production to 220 LMT with an investment of over Rs.20,000 crores in next five years

Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

In news: Insurance coverage for fishing vessels is being introduced for the first time under PMMSY.

Facts about fisheries sector in India:

  • India constitutes about 7.73% of the global fish production.

  • Export earnings of Rs.46,589 Crores (2018-19), India has attained the status of the second largest aquaculture and 4th largest fish exporting nation in the world. 

  • The country has high potentiality to attain the 1st highest fishing producing and exporting nation in the world in the coming years.

  • The Fisheries sector has shown an impressive growth in terms of fish production and export earnings during the past five years. 

  • The sector recorded an Average Annual Growth Rate of 10.88% during 2014-15 to 2018-19.

  • 7.53% average annual growth in fish production and 9.71% average annual growth in export earnings, with 18% share in agricultural exports. 

  • Gross Value Added (GVA) of the Fisheries sector in the national economy during 2018-19 stood at Rs 2,12,915 crores which constituted 1.24% of the total National GVA and 7.28% share of Agricultural GVA.

About PMMSY: 

  • The Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) aims to enhance fish production to 220 lakh metric tons by 2024-25 from 137.58 lakh metric tons in 2018-19 at an average annual growth rate of about 9%. 

  • The ambitious scheme will result in doubling export earnings to Rs.1,00,000 crore.

  • Generate about 55 lakhs direct and indirect employment opportunities in fisheries sector over a period of next five years. 

  • Insurance coverage for fishing vessels is being introduced for the first time.

  • PMMSY being a fisher centric umbrella scheme, fishers, fish farmers, fish workers and fish vendors are the key stakeholders in the developmental activities envisaged and enhancement of their socio-economic status. 

  • The “PMMSY - A scheme to bring about Blue Revolution through sustainable and responsible development of fisheries sector in India”.

PMMSY thrust areas:

  • Enhancement of fish production and productivity.

  • Quality, sustainability, technology infusion.

  • Post-harvest infrastructure, modernisation and strengthening of value chain.

  • Standards and traceability in fisheries sector from ‘catch to consumer’

  • Establishing a robust fisheries management framework.

  • Fishermen welfare, enhancement of fisheries export competitiveness.  

PMMSY benefits:

  • It will create a conducive environment for private sector participation.

  • Development of entrepreneurship

  • Business models, promotion of ease of doing business, 

  • Innovations and innovative project activities including start-ups, incubators etc.

Fund Management and plan:

  • About 42% of the total estimated investment of the PMMSY is earmarked for creation and upgradation of fisheries infrastructure facilities. 

  • Focus areas include Fishing Harbours and Landing Centers, Post-harvest and Cold Chain Infrastructure, Fish Markets and Marketing Infrastructure, Integrated Modern Coastal Fishing Villages and Development of Deep-sea Fishing. 

  • Besides creating critical fisheries infrastructure by attracting private investments in fisheries sector, the scheme plans to reduce post-harvest losses from the present high of 25% to about 10% by modernizing and strengthening value chain. 

  • Under the Swath Sagar plan, activities envisaged with a view to modernize the fisheries sector include promotion of Bio-toilets, Insurance coverage for fishing vessels, Fisheries Management Plans, E-Trading/Marketing, Fishers and resources survey and creation of National IT-based databases.

Implementation:

  • Underlining the need to enhance domestic fish consumption with corresponding health benefits Government will register Sagar Mitra” and encourage formation of Fish Farmers Producer Organizations (FFPOs) to help achieve the PMMSY goals. 

  • Youth will be engaged in fisheries extension by creation of 3477 Sagar Mitras in coastal fisher villages. 

  • Large number of Fisheries Extension Services Centers will be set up in private space to create job opportunities to young professionals.

Activities and areas of concern:

The scheme will also focus on several new activities and areas such as Traceability, Certification and Accreditation, Aquaculture in saline/alkaline areas, Genetic improvement programmes and Nucleus Breeding Centres, Fisheries and Aquaculture start-ups, promotional activities for fish consumption, branding, GI in fish, Integrated Aqua parks, Integrated coastal fishing villages development, State-of-art wholesale fish markets, Aquatic Referral Laboratories, Aquaculture Extension Services, Biofloc, support for new/upgradation of fishing boats, disease diagnostic and quality testing labs, Organic Aquaculture Promotion and Certification and Potential Fishing Zone (PFZ) devices.

Governments measures to harness the potential of fisheries sector:

Some of the major reforms and steps taken by the Union Government include:

  • Creation of a separate Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying in the Union Government

  • Setting up a new and dedicated Department of Fisheries with independent administrative structure

  • Implementation of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme on Blue Revolution: Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries during the period 2015-16 to 2019-20 with a central outlay of Rs. 3,000 crore, 

  • Creation of Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF) during 2018-19 with a fund size of Rs. 7,522.48 crore,

  • Launching of PMMSY with an investment of Rs. 20,050 crore, the scheme with highest ever investment for fisheries sector.

MAINS QUESTION 

The Fisheries sector is one of the major sources for exports in agricultural GVA. Write the steps to hence the Fisheries export and make India attain the top position in the world. What are the present constraints and how do we overcome? 

Points to be noted down for prelims 

REC Limited ties up with TajSATS to provide nutritious meals to frontline healthcare workers

  • REC Limited, a central PSU under Ministry of Power and one of India’s largest power financiers, is spearheading the mission to feed the medical staff in key government hospitals as well as poor daily wage labourers across the nation.

  • REC Foundation, the CSR arm of REC Limited, has partnered with TajSATS (a joint venture of IHCL and SATS Ltd) to distribute specially-made nutritious meal packets for medical staff.

  • REC Limited (formerly Rural Electrification Corporation Limited) is a Navratna NBFC focusing on Power Sector Financing and Development across India. 

  • Established in 1969, REC Limited has completed over fifty years in the area of its operations. 

  • It provides financial assistance across the power-sector value chain. 

  • REC is also the nodal agency for Govt. of India flagship schemes in the Power sector like Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY), Saubhagya, etc.

Locust swarms sweeping across northern India, control operations stepped up in the affected States of Rajasthan, Punjab, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh

  • Amidst a wave of locust swarms sweeping across western and northwestern India, the Department of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare (DAC&FW) has stepped up locust control operations in the affected States.

  • At present 200 Locust Circle Offices (LCO) are conducting survey & control operations in close coordination with District Administration and agriculture field machinery of the affected States. 

  • Locust control operations are in full swing in coordination with State Agriculture Departments and Local Administration. 

  • The locust swarms enter the Scheduled Desert Area of India through Pakistan for summer breeding in the month of June/July with the advent of monsoon. 

  • This year, however, the incursions of locust hoppers and pink swarms have been reported much earlier because of the presence of a residual population of Locusts in Pakistan which they couldn’t control last season. 

  • Pink immature adults fly high and cover long distances during day hours from one place to another along with the westerly winds coming from the Pakistan side. 

  • Most of these pink immature adults settle on the trees during night and mostly fly during day.

  • High- Level virtual meeting on Desert Locust in South-West Asian countries was held at the office of the FAO representative in India. Representatives of four member countries (Afghanistan, India, Iran and Pakistan) and the Plant Protection Division of FAO, Rome also participated.

  • New swarms will migrate to the summer breeding areas along both sides of the Indo-Pakistan border as well as to Sudan and West Africa. As vegetation dries out, more groups and swarms will form and move from these areas to the summer breeding areas along both sides of the Indo-Pakistan border. 

  • Locust is an omnivorous and migratory pest and has the ability to fly hundreds of kilometers collectively. 

  • It is a trans-border pest and attacks the crop in large swarm. 

  • Found in Africa, the Middle East and Asia, they inhabit some 60 countries and can cover one-fifth of Earth's land surface. 

  • Desert locust plagues may threaten the economic livelihood of one-tenth of the world's human population. 

  • Swarms of locusts in the desert come to India from Africa/ Gulf/ South West Asia during the summer monsoon season and go back towards Iran, Gulf & African countries for spring breeding.

INS Kesari at Port Antsiranana, Madagascar

  • As part of Mission Sagar, Indian Naval Ship Kesari entered Port Antsiranana, Madagascar.

  • The Government of India in these difficult times is providing assistance to Friendly Foreign Countries in dealing with the COVID-19 Pandemic and towards the same INS Kesari carried a consignment of COVID related essential medicines for the people of Madagascar.

  • The assistance to Madagascar is a part of the Government of India outreach amidst the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. 

  • Mission Sagar’ builds on the excellent relations existing between the two countries to battle the COVID-19 pandemic and its resultant difficulties. 

  • The deployment also resonates the vision of our Prime Minister of Security and Growth for All in the Region ‘SAGAR’ and highlights the importance accorded by India to relations with the countries of the IOR. 

  • The operation is being progressed in close coordination with the Ministries of External Affairs and other agencies of the Government of India.

Missile Park 'Agneeprastha' to be set up at INS Kalinga

  • Foundation Stone for a Missile Park "AGNEEPRASTHA" was laid at INS Kalinga.

  • INS Kalinga is located on the Visakhapatnam - Bheemunipatnam beach road about 40 kilometers north east of the Visakhapatnam Naval Base

  • The Missile Park AGNEEPRASTHA’ once completed will be dedicated to all the Officers, Sailors and Support Staff of INS Kalinga, who have served in this premier op-support Base of the ENC since its establishment in 1981. 

  • The Park also commemorates the award of the prestigious Unit Citation to INS Kalinga for the year 2018-19.

  • AGNEEPRASTHA’ aims to capture glimpses of Missile History of INS Kalinga since 1981 till date.  

  • The Missile Park has been set up with a replica of missiles and Ground Support Equipment (GSE) that showcase the evolution of missiles handled by the unit.  

  • The exhibits have been created from scrap, obsolete inventory which have been reconditioned in-house. 

  • The main attraction is P-70 'Ametist', an underwater launched anti-ship missile from the arsenal of the old 'Chakra' (Charlie-1 submarine) which was in service with IN during 1988-91.

  • AGNEEPRASTHA will also provide a one-stop arena for motivation and stimulation of inquisitive minds regarding the missiles and related technologies, from school children to Naval personnel and their families.  

  • It is also intended to encourage a feeling of ownership and pride in the role of the Unit, and highlight the necessity of contribution of all personnel irrespective of rank/trade towards the overarching objective of ordnance availability, reliability and delivery on target, each and every time.

Tribal Affairs Ministry announces inclusion of 23 additional Minor Forest produce items in Minimum Support Price List

  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs has announced Inclusion of 23 additional Minor Forest Produce (MFP) items.

  • Stipulation of their Minimum Support Price (MSP) under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme titled "Mechanism for Marketing of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) through Minimum Support Price (MSP) and development of value chain of MFP". 

  • This decision enhancing the coverage from 50 to 73 items comes in view of the exceptional and very difficult circumstances currently prevailing in the country on account of the COVID-19 Pandemic.

  • The increase is also expected to provide an immediate and much needed momentum to procurement of Minor Tribal Produce across all States.

  • 14 of the newly added items, otherwise agricultural produce, are not commercially grown in the North Eastern part of India but are found to grow in the wild in forests. Hence, the Ministry has favourably considered to include these specific items as MFP items for the North-East.

Further following 9 items available in forest areas across India have also been included in this notification with Minimum Support Price:

  • Van Tulsi seeds (Ocimumgratissimum)

  • Van Jeera (Vernonia anthelmintica)

  • Tamarind Seed (Tamarindusindica)

  • Bamboo Brooms (Thysanolaena maxima

  • Dry Anola (Phyllnthusemblica) (Dry)

  • KachriBaheda (Terminalia bellerica)

  • KachriHarra (Terminalia chebula)

  • Seed lac (Kerria lacca)

  • The Ministry has provided flexibility to States to fix MSP upto 10% higher or lower than MSP declared by the Government.  

  • The Central Government had introduced a Minimum Support Price (MSP) for a select list of MFP through “Mechanism for Marketing of Minor Forest Produce through Minimum Support price and development of Value Chain of MFP” Scheme in 2011 to provide a social safety net to these underprivileged forest dwellers, and to aid in their empowerment.

  • TRIFED, as the apex national organisation involved in the improvement of the livelihood and empowerment of these tribal people, is the nodal agency for the implementation of the scheme. 

  • The Scheme has been a resounding success in offering basic support to the tribal gatherers and has helped in improving their lives. 

  • 1,126 Vandhan Kendras have been set up as Tribal start-ups onboarding over 3.6 Lakhs beneficiaries. 

IT Minister Launches National AI Portal of India

  • Union Minister for Electronics and IT, Law and Justice and Communications launched India’s national Artificial Intelligence Portal called www.ai.gov.in

  • This portal has been jointly developed by the Ministry of Electronics and IT and IT Industry. 

  • National e-Governance Division of Ministry of Electronics and IT and NASSCOM from the IT industry will jointly run this portal. 

  • This portal shall work as a one stop digital platform for AI related developments in India, sharing of resources such as articles, startups, investment funds in AI, resources, companies and educational institutions related to AI in India. 

  • The portal will also share documents, case studies, research reports etc. It has section about learning and new job roles related to AI.

  • The Minister also launched a National Program for the youth, “Responsible AI for Youth”

  • The aim of this Program is to give the young students of our country a platform and empower them with appropriate new age tech mind-set, relevant AI skill-sets and access to required AI tool-sets to make them digitally ready for the future. 

  • The Program has been created and launched by the National e-Governance Division, Ministry of Electronics & IT in collaboration with Intel India.

  • “Responsible AI for Youth” will empower the youth to become AI ready and help reduce the skill gap, while enabling youth to create meaningful social impact solutions. 

  • The Program is designed to reach out to students from Government schools pan India and provide them with an opportunity to become part of the skilled workforce in an inclusive manner.

Details of Responsible AI for Youth Programme:

  • The National Programme is open to students of classes 8 - 12 from Central and State government-run schools (including KVS, NVS, JNV) from across the country - all 28 States and 8 Union Territories.

  • It aims to bring about a change in the thought process and create a bridge for the digital divide. 

  • The Program will be implemented in a phase-wise manner and in its first phase, each of the State Education Department will nominate 10 teachers as per the eligibility criteria. 

  • Teachers may also self nominate themselves by fulfilling the eligibility criteria. 

  • These teachers will be provided orientation sessions aimed to help them understand the premise and identify 25-50 potential students for the Program. 

  • The identified students will attend online training sessions on AI and understand how to identify social impact ideas/projects that may be created using AI and submit their ideas through a 60 seconds video explaining a proposed AI enabled solution.



 
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