Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 4th June 2020

 

A3i (TYPE OF CORONAVIRUS)


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Genetically unique strain makes 40% of coronavirus in India ...

Context

Scientists at the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad have identified a distinct trait in the coronavirus found in the people infected in the country, mostly in the southern states of Tamil Nadu and Telangana.

 

About the Background

They have named this unique cluster of virus population as ‘Clade A3i’ found in 41 percent of the genome sequenced in India. The researchers sequenced 64 genomes. The results show a distinct cluster of virus population, uncharacterized thus far, which is prevalent in India - called the Clade A3i. This cluster seems to have originated from an outbreak in February 2020 and spread through India. This comprises 41 percent of all SARS-CoV2 genomes from Indian samples and 3.5 of global genomes submitted into the public domain.

 

About CCMB

  • The CCMB is a laboratory under the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). 

  • Epidemiological assessments suggest that the common ancestor emerged in February and possibly resulted in an outbreak followed by a countrywide spread, as evidenced by the low divergence of the genomes from across the country, the paper stated.


Source: Hindustan Times.


DEPSANG

Focus: GS2.

Topic: India and its neighbourhood- relations.

 

Context


Reports of a heavy Chinese presence at Depsang, an area at a crucial dip (called the Bulge) on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) have increased tensions between Indian and Chinese troops, sources aware of the month-long standoff at various points in Ladakh and Sikkim said. The ADGPI, the army’s public relations wing, has declined to comment on reports over Depsang.

 

About the Background

  • According to the sources, PLA troops have pitched tents in the area in the past few days, while equipment, LAVs and a “large number” of tanks can be seen further back in the area that China controls.

  • The “Depsang plain” is one of the few places in the Western Sector where light armour (vehicles) would have ease of manoeuvre, so any Chinese buildup there is a cause for concern, military experts say.

  • The buildup invokes memories of both the 1962 war, when Chinese troops had occupied all of the Depsang plains, and more recently, April 2013, when the PLA crossed the LAC and pitched tents on the Indian side for three weeks, before they agreed to pull out.

 

About the two pronged strategy

  • According to National Security Advisor Shiv Shankar Menon, India insisted in 2013 that not only did the troops need to move back from the ‘stand-off point’, but they also verified the ‘end point’ of the withdrawal so as to avoid any repeat incursions.

  • “We refused to negotiate until the status quo was restored at the LAC, and we were told exactly where the troops would move back to. 

  • Meanwhile, we stopped talking to the Chinese side about a planned visit by Chinese Premier Li, a message that if the standoff didn't end, the visit would be off,” said Mr. Menon. 

  • He was the NSA and Special Representative (SR) for boundary talks from 2010-2014, and had spoken to the Chinese SR Yang Jiechi, while present External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar was India’s Ambassador to China and negotiated the Depsang crisis with his counterparts in Beijing.

 

Highlights

  • As part of upgrading defences in Ladakh, beginning 2014 India started deploying tank regiments consisting of T-72s in Eastern Ladakh. 

  • This comes from the bitter experience of 1962 war when six AMX-13 tanks were airlifted to Ladakh in AN-12 transport aircraft but they failed to make any significant impact as the crew were not acclimatised to the environment and the tanks were not equipped to operate in the rarefied atmosphere.

  • One tank regiment was deployed in 2014 and another in 2016 with the eventual objective of having a full brigade.

  • The present standoff on the LAC would need to be negotiated differently, given changes in the current situation from 2013, as well as the fact that the standoff has dragged on for more than double the time than it took to resolve seven years ago.

  • In addition, there are at this point more than four areas where Indian and China soldiers are locked in the standoff, including at the Galwan river valley, Pangong Tso (lake) and Naku la, while several other points on the LAC have seen significantly larger Indian and Chinese troop presence.

 

Source: The Hindu.


INTERNATIONAL DAY OF INNOCENT CHILDREN VICTIMS OF AGGRESSION


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

It's The International Day of Innocent Children Victims of ...

Context

  • The International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression is being observed on 4 June.

  • It was established in 1982 in the background of victims of the 1982 Lebanon War.

 

Highlights

  • The purpose of the day is to acknowledge the pain suffered by children throughout the world who are the victims of physical, mental and emotional abuse. 

  • This day affirms the UN's commitment to protect the rights of children.

  • Its work is guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the most rapidly and widely ratified international human rights treaty in history.


Source: United Nations.


SWADES (SKILLED WORKERS ARRIVAL DATABASE FOR EMPLOYMENT SUPPORT)


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Union Government has launched a new initiative SWADES (Skilled ...

Context

Union Government has launched a new initiative SWADES (Skilled Workers Arrival Database for Employment Support) to conduct a skill mapping exercise of the returning citizens under the Vande Bharat Mission.

 

About the initiative

  • This is a joint initiative of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Civil Aviation Ministry and External Affairs Ministry.

  • SWADES aims to create a database of qualified citizens based on their skill sets and experience to tap into and fulfil demand of Indian and foreign companies.

  • The collected information will be shared with the companies for suitable placement opportunities in the country.

  • The returning citizens are required to fill up an online SWADES Skills Card. The data collected through SWADES Skill Card will help the citizens with job prospects and bridge the demand-supply gap.

 

Source: All India Radio.

 

INDIA-BHUTAN MoU ON COOPERATION IN THE AREAS OF ENVIRONMENT

 

Focus: GS2.

Topic: India and its neighbourhood- relations.

 

Context

  • The Union Cabinet has given its approval for signing the MoU between the Government of India and Bhutan on Cooperation in the areas of Environment.

  • The MoU will cover the following areas of environment: (1) Air; (2) Waste; (3) Chemical Management; (4) Climate Change; and () Any other areas jointly decided upon.


About the MoU

  • This MoU shall enter into force on the date of signature and shall continue to remain in force for a period of ten years.

  • It will facilitate exchange of best practices and technical knowhow through both public and private sectors and shall contribute to sustainable development. 

  • It provides the possibility for joint projects in areas of mutual interest. However, no significant employment generation is envisaged. 

  • A MoU was signed between the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), Ministry of Environment, India and the National Environment Commission (NEC) of Bhutan in 2013.

  • This MoU expired in 2016. 

  • Noting the benefits of the earlier MoU, both sides have decided to continue cooperation and collaboration in the field of Environment. 


Source: PIB.


KOHALA HYDROPOWER PROJECT


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Pakistan's new Karot Hydropower Project to provide clean energy to ...

Context

  • China under the multi-billion-dollar CPEC will set up a 1,124-megawatt power project in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir despite India's objection to it, according to a media report.

  • The details of the Kohala hydropower project were presented in the 127th meeting of the Private Power and Infrastructure Board (PPIB) chaired by Energy Minister Omar Ayub.

 

About G7

The meeting was informed that a tripartite agreement has been finalised among China's Three Gorges Corporation, the authorities in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) and the PPIB to implement the 1,124-megawatt Kohala hydroelectric power project under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) framework.

About the project

  • The project will be built on the Jhelum River and aims at annually providing more than five billion units of clean and low-cost electricity for consumers in Pakistan. 

  • The paper further reported that this marks one of the largest investments of USD 2.4 billion in an independent power producer (IPP) in the region.

  • The 3,000-km-long CEPC is aimed at connecting China and Pakistan with rail, road, pipelines and optical cable fiber networks. 

  • It connects China's Xinjiang province with Pakistan Gwadar port, providing access to China to the Arabian Sea. 

  • The CPEC passes through PoK, over which India has conveyed its protests to China.

Source: Economic Times.


MOODY’S DOWNGRADES INDIA


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

 

Context

  • Moody’s Investors Service downgraded the Government of India’s foreign-currency and local-currency long-term issuer ratings to “Baa3” from “Baa2”. 

  • It stated that the outlook remained “negative”.

Background

The latest downgrade reduces India to the lowest investment grade of ratings and brings Moody’s — which is historically the most optimistic about India — ratings for the country in line with the other two main rating agencies in the world — Standard & Poor’s (S&P) and Fitch (see attached chart on the brief history of India’s sovereign rating).

 

About the reasons

There are four main reasons why Moody’s has taken the decision.

  • Weak implementation of economic reforms since 2017

  • Relatively low economic growth over a sustained period

  • A significant deterioration in the fiscal position of governments (central and state)

  • And the rising stress in India’s financial sector

 

Source: Indian Express.


GLOBAL ECONOMIC PROSPECTS

 

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.


Context

The global economy is facing "staggeringly large" losses and the recovery effort is hampered by a shortage of resources to make up for the damage caused by the coronavirus pandemic, World Bank President David Malpass.


About the background

  • While the Washington-based development lender has rushed out new programs to deploy $160 billion in funding to 100 countries in an effort to address the immediate emergency, the crisis will force developing nations to rethink the structure of their economies.

  • Initial estimates of $5 trillion in economic value destroyed by the COVID-19 measures likely falls far short of the actual damage that will be done by the efforts to contain the virus.


Highlights

  • The bank's GEP report warns the current crisis will "exacerbate the multi-decade slowdown," and it revives some of the free-market policy recommendations long promoted by the World Bank and its sister organization, the IMF, calling for "comprehensive policies to boost long-term growth... to make future economies more resilient."

  • Among them, the World Bank calls for doing away with inefficient spending, including energy subsidies at a time when fuel prices have fallen sharply, especially since finances of oil exporters were shaky before the pandemic.

  • The report also recommends "speeding the resolution of disputes, reducing regulatory barriers and reforming the costly subsidies, monopolies and protected state-owned enterprises that have slowed development."


Source: Economic Times.


SYAMA PRASAD MOOKERJEE PORT


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

 

Context

  • The Union Cabinet has given its approval to rename Kolkata Port as Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port. 

  • The Kolkata Port is the first Major Port as well as the only riverine port of the country. 

 

About the port

  • It came to be governed by a Trust in 1870 on appointment of the Commissioners for Improvement of the Port of Calcutta as per Act V of 1870.

  • It features at Serial Number 1 in The First Schedule, Part I—Major Ports of the Indian Ports Act, 1908 and is governed by the Major Port Trusts Act, 1963.

 

About Syama Prasad Mookerjee 

  • Syama Prasad Mukherjee (1901 – 1953) was an Indian politician, barrister and academician. 

  • He served as the Minister for Industry and Supply in Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet. 

  • He quit the Union Government because of differences of opinion with the Nehru-led government and founded the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, the predecessor to the Bharatiya Janata Party, in 1951.  

 

Source: LiveMint.


Map of the Day–Bhutan

Map of Bhutan



Quote for the Day


“What we deplore is not that the gate of western knowledge was thrown open to Indians, but that such knowledge was imported to India at the sacrifice of our own cultural heritage. What was needed was a proper synthesis between the two systems and not neglect, far less destruction, of the Indian base. “ - Syama Prasad Mukherjee 

 

Mains Answer Writing


  1. Explain the need to focus on blue economy and environment protection to develop the region's multilateral development for the Indo-pacific region. (250 Words).

  2. Discuss the concerns associated with respect to online education and the issues of cyber bullying associated with it, also suggest methods to overcome the challenge. (250 Words).

  3. Explain the concept of “New space”. (250 Words).


Test your Knowledge



  1. Consider the following statements:

    1. The International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression is being observed on 6 June.

    2. It was established in 1982 in the background of victims of the 1982 Lebanon War.

    3. The purpose of the day is to acknowledge the pain suffered by children throughout the world who are the victims of physical, mental and emotional abuse. 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 1 and 3 only

    4. AOTA

 

  1. Which of the following countries are part of the G-7 group:

    1. US

    2. Russia

    3. India

    4. Japan

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 only

      2. 1, 2 and 4 only

      3. 1 and 4 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct about Pradhan Mantri Street Vendor's Atma Nirbhar Nidhi is/are correct?

    1. No collateral is needed.

    2. On timely/early repayment of the loan, an interest subsidy of 7% per annum will be credited to the bank accounts of beneficiaries.

    3. The scheme is launched by the Ministry of MSME.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 1 and 3 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Global Economic Prospects report is released by.

      1. IMF

      2. G20

      3. OECD

      4. World Bank

 

5.SWADES (Skilled Workers Arrival Database for Employment Support) initiative is launched by:

    1. Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship

    2. Civil Aviation Ministry 

    3. External Affairs Ministry

    4. AOTA


Answers

  1. B 2.C 3.A 4.D 5.D


 
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