Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 6th July 2020

DHARMA CHAKRA DAY


Focus: GS1.

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Context

To celebrate Asadha Poornima which falls on Saturday (July 4, 2020) Prime Minister Narendra Modi delivered a video message highlighting the teachings of peace and justice propagated by Lord Buddha.

About the Background

  • The Prime Minister began his address by greeting the world on Ashadha Poornima. 

  • He said, "It is also known as Guru Purnima. This is a day to remember our Gurus, who gave us knowledge. In that spirit, we pay homage to Lord Buddha."

  • Reiterating the teachings of Lord Buddha, PM Modi said Buddhism teaches respect for people, for the poor, for the women and respect for peace and non-violence.

About the Day

  • The Asadha Poornima as Dharma Chakra Day event has been organised by International Buddhist Confederation (IBC), under the aegis of Union Ministry of Culture, the PMO said in a statement.  

  • The eight-fold path of Lord Buddha shows the way towards the well-being of many societies and nations. 

  • It highlights the importance of compassion and kindness. 

  • The teachings of Lord Buddha celebrate simplicity, both in thought and action.

  • Buddhism teaches respect for people, the poor and women, for peace and non-violence.

  • This day is also aptly observed as Guru Poornima by both Buddhists and Hindus as a day to mark reverence to their Gurus. 

  • The day is celebrated as Dharma Chakra Day by the International Buddhist Confederation (IBC), under the Ministry of Culture. 

  • This day commemorates Buddha's First Sermon to his first five ascetic disciples at the Deer Park, Rsipatana in the present-day Sarnath near Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.

Source: Business Standard.


PM PERFORMED SINDHU DARSHAN PUJA AT LADAKH’S NIMU

 

Focus: GS1.

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Context

Prime Minister Narendra Modi held a Sindhu Darshan puja at Ladakh's Nimu, during a one-day visit to an Indian Army base in the union territory, days after 20 soldiers were killed in a violent face-off with the Chinese troops in the Galwan region.

About the Festival

  • The Sindhu Darshan festival is a three-day event celebrated in June every year on the day of the full moon. 

  • The festival recognises the Sindhu (Indus) river as a symbol of unity, peaceful co-existence and communal harmony.

  • The Sindhu Darshan Festival is a celebration of River Sindhu, also known as the Indus Valley Civilisation. 

  • The main reason behind the celebration of Sindhu Darshan Festival is to endorse the Indus River (Sindhu River) as an icon of the communal harmony and unity of India.

About the beginnings

  • Lal Krishna Advani and Tarun Vijay, a veteran journalist re-discovered the Sindhu river flowing through Ladakh, when they visited Leh in January 1996. 

  • Vijay conceived the idea of a festival on its banks as it has given the identity to India as the names India, Indian, Hindu and Hindustan are derived from indus and Sindhu. 

  • Since then it has been attracting people from all walks of life, castes, religions and places specially becoming a pilgrimage for Hindu Sindhis, who in pre-partition days, used to worship her ( in Sindh ), now in Pakistan. 

  • For, the purpose that, people of India, know the importance of Sindhu River, Lal Krishna Advani, in 1996, himself a Sindhi, visited Choglamsar ( 8 km from Leh ) and started Sindhu Darshan Abhiyan, with handful of Sindhis.

  • The first time this event was held in form of Sindhu Darshan Festival was in October, 1997.


Source: Times of India.


SANSKRIT SAPTAHIKI


Focus: GS1.

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Context

The All India Radio (AIR) will broadcast its first- ever 'News Magazine' programme in Sanskrit on Saturday which will have news from the world of Sanskrit and prominent developments of the week, a statement said.

About the Background

The programme titled, 'Sanskrit Saptahiki', will air from Saturday onwards and will be of 20 minutes duration. 

It can be heard on All India Radio FM News Channel (100.1 MHz frequency) every Saturday with a repeat broadcast on Sundays.

The weekly programme will have elements from the prominent developments of the week, news from the world of Sanskrit, explaining the humane values enshrined in Sanskrit literature, philosophy, history, art, culture and tradition, it said.

Highlights

  • It will give voices to the children and the youth and their feelings about the great Indian tradition and culture, it added.

  • Its components will be Sukti, Prasang, Saptahiki, Sanskrit Darshan, Gyan Vigyan, Bal Vallari, Ek Bharat-Shreshtha Bharat and Anvikshiki.

  • Under the Sukti, a quote from Sanskrit literature in the form of a Shloka will be explained.

  • Prasang will tell the story of the week from the field of art, culture, tradition, history and epics like the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, Upnishads, Vedas, etc.

  • Under Gyan-Vigyan, an interview with a leading light in Sanskrit will be a key element.

  • The Bal Vallary segment will have poetry or story-telling by children and youngsters in Sanskrit to popularise the language.

  • Under Ek Bharat-Shreshtha Bharat, five commonly used words will be translated from Sanskrit to Hindi and another Indian language every week.

  • The closing segment, Anvikshiki will take a look at the major historical event of the week with the focus on India's rich culture and tradition, it added.

 

Source: Business Standard.


INDIAN RAILWAYS OPERATES LONGEST-EVER TRAIN ‘SHESHNAAG’


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

 

Context

  • The Indian Railways broke yet another record by operating 'SheshNaag', a 2.8 km-long train amalgamating four empty BOXN (bogie open high sided) rakes, powered by four sets of electric locomotives on Thursday. 

  • The 251-wagon long-haul goods train was operated by the South East Central Railway (SECR), Nagpur Division of the Indian Railways. 

About the Background

  • 'SheshNaag' is the longest train ever to be operated by the Indian Railways, it said. 

  • The train formation was made by joining four empty BOXN rakes along with its four sets of electric locomotives.

About ‘Super Anaconda’

  • On June 30, the Railway Ministry had run a 177-coach freight train named ‘Super Anaconda’.

  • The Bilaspur division of SECR broke yet another frontier by joining and running 3 loaded trains (more than 15000 tonnes) in 'Anaconda' formation through Bilaspur and Chakradharpur divisions, the Indian Railways said in its tweet.

About 100% Punctuality

  • The Indian railways also achieved another milestone for the first time in its history by maintaining 100% punctuality in the arrival of all its trains. 

  • The historic feat was achieved on July 1 while the previous best was 99.54% achieved on June 23, 2020, with one train getting delayed. 

  • Union Railway Minister Piyush Goyal has taken to Twitter to apprise the nation about the achievement, which nonetheless comes at a time when Railway operations are limited amid the Covid pandemic.

  • Besides the 100% punctuality milestone, Indian Railways has created another tremendous benchmark for itself as the railway manufacturing industry produced 15,582 wheels and 6,480 axles in the month of June despite grappling with the global scale pandemic. 

  • The said manufacturing figures are higher as compared to the same period last year when 15,295 wheels and 5,020 axles were produced.

 

Source: Financial Express.


FIT HAI TO HIT HAI INDIA


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


Context

  • Union Human Resource Development Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ and Minister of Sports and Youth Affairs and Ministry of Minority Affairs Shri Kiren Rijiju interacted with students here under the Fit India campaign by the Government of India. 

  • Olympic medal winner badminton player Ms P.V Sindhu and Indian football team Captain Shri. Sunil Chhetri were also present at the “Fit Hai To Hit Hai India” program organized under the Fit India campaign. 

About the Background

  • During this live interaction, all the dignitaries held detailed talks on being fit and enumerated the importance of fitness.

  • The Fit India Talks sessions are being organized in association with the Sports Authority of India and the Ministry of Human Resource Development.

About the Webinar

  • On the clarion call of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, people have undertaken the fitness mission in their everyday life. 

  • The Minister informed that the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) also announced in April that it would launch a new series of fitness sessions for school going children in the Fit India Active Day program under this campaign. 

  • 13,868 schools affiliated to CBSE have participated in various Fit India programs and 11,682 schools have also received the Fit India flag. 

  • She Pokhriyal said that during the pandemic, it is very important that we all stay fit and motivate students to stay fit and the battle against this disease can be won only by staying fit. 

  • A fit person’s immunity keeps him away from all kinds of diseases. 

  • The Minister hoped that those students across the country will also incorporate fitness and healthy habits into their lives.


Source: Hindustan Times.


GOVT CLEARS DEFENCE ACQUISITION WORTH Rs.38,900 Cr


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Context

  • Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) in its meeting held yesterday accorded approval for Capital acquisitions of various platforms and equipment required by the Indian Armed Forces. 

  • Proposals for an approximate cost of 38900 Crore rupees were approved. 

About the Background

  • The meeting chaired by Defence minister Rajnath Singh focused on indigenous design and development. 

  • These approvals include acquisitions from Indian Industry amounting to 31130 Crore rupees.

About the Highlights

  • The equipment is to be manufactured in India involving Indian Defence Industry with the participation of several MSMEs as prime tier vendors. 

  • The Indigenous content in some of these projects is up to 80 per cent  of the project cost. 

  • A large number of these projects have been made possible due to Transfer of Technology by DRDO to the Indigenous Industry. 

  • These include Pinaka ammunitions, BMP armament upgrades and Software Defined Radios for the Army, Long Range Land Attack Cruise Missile Systems and Astra Missiles for Navy and Air Force. 

  • The cost of these Design and Development proposals is in the range of 20400 crore rupees.

  • Further, addressing the long felt need of the Indian Air Force to increase its fighter squadrons, the DAC also approved the proposal for procurement of 21 MIG-29 . 

  • It also approved upgradation of existing 59 Mig-29 aircraft and procurement of 12 Su-30 MKI aircraft. 

 

Source: AIR News.


ISRO CAPTURES IMAGE OF MARS ELUSIVE MOON PHOBOS


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Context

  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) captured an image of Phobos, an elusive moon of Mars, from a distance of 4,200km, on July 1. 

  • The image was captured by the Mars Colour Camera (MCC) aboard the Mars Orbiter, which was part of ISRO’s first interplanetary mission. 

About the Background

  • The orbiter has been revolving around the planet since September 2014. 

  • The MCC camera was meant to probe the two moons that orbit Mars - Phobos and Deimos, among other objectives.

About the Highlights

  • While ISRO is not the first space agency to capture the image of Phobos, it is certainly known to be an achievement, a scientist from the space agency said, because the moon is one of the least reflective bodies in the solar system. 

  • “Which means, being made up of meteorite materials such as ‘carbonaceous chondrites’, the moon does not reflect solar light, which makes it less visible by nature compared to other celestial bodies,” the scientist explained.

  • The space agency superimposed six different frames captured by the tri-coloured Mars Colour Camera (MCC) and the raw data obtained from the camera was adjusted to make it more realistic.

 

Source: Indian Express.


MIYAWAKI METHOD


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Context

  • Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar inaugurated an urban forest with 12,000 seedlings which would serve as a role model for offices in Delhi. 

  • Planting 59 indigenous species besides the CAG office, near the ITO, the project was initiated in October 2019.

  • A full-fledged forest will be there in another two-and-a-half-year or so. 

About the Method

  • The Miyawaki method of forest creation has been used to create the urban forest in the heart of the National Capital.  

  • The technique was pioneered by Japanese botanist, Akira Miyawaki, and is believed to ensure 10 times faster plant growth, which results in plantation, that is 30 times denser than usual.

  • According to experts, this process involves planting dozens of native species in the same area, which becomes maintenance-free after the first three years.

About the Highlights

  • Over the years, the Air Quality Index (AQI) of Delhi has become an increasing cause of concern.

  • Further, the ITO crossing of New Delhi has recorded particularly high air pollution levels. 

  • In response to these developments and keeping in view its community responsibilities, the office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India which is located at Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg has taken steps to establish the Urban Forest in the Office Park. 

  • Keeping in view the limited area, local material was adopted to enable intensive afforestation, according to officials.

  • The forest is made up of trees which are native to the area and are three-dimensional, multi-layered communities having 30 times the surface area of the greenery of single-layered lawns, and have more than 30 times the ability to protect against natural disasters and to conserve the environment.

  • With minimal maintenance, including watering and de-weeding, the urban forest will be self-sustainable by October 2021.

  • The Urban forest has an ecosystem which can restore habitat for birds, bees, butterflies and microfauna.

  •  These are essential for pollination of crops and fruits and to help maintain a balanced ecosystem. 

  • A dense forest ecosystem has been created in an area that is little over 1 acre in size.

 

Source: AIR News.

 

CHAMBAL EXPRESSWAY

 

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

 

Context

Asserting that the proposed Rs 8,250 crore Chambal Expressway could be a game-changer for the poor and tribals living in far-flung areas of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, Union Minister Nitin Gadkari  urged these states to expedite land acquisition, environment clearances and tax relief for the project.

About the Background

  • The project will also provide cross-connectivity with the Golden Quadrilateral's Delhi-Kolkata corridor, North-South Corridor, East-West Corridor and Delhi-Mumbai -Expressway.

  • The upcoming expressway could be a game-changer for tribals and poor living in the far-flung areas, specially Chambal region which is considered as one of the most backward areas in the country.

About the Highlights

  • While farmers of all three states will be the biggest beneficiaries to send their produce to Delhi Mumbai markets, this expressway will be a boon for primitive tribes like Saharia in Morena, Sheopur and other areas.

  • The proposed expressway will prove to be the newest model of infrastructure development jointly between the states and the Centre.

  • The about 404 km-long expressway provides an alternate route from Kanpur to Kota through Madhya Pradesh, and then it joins the Delhi-Mumbai corridor.

  • The expressway will offer huge employment potential in these districts and adjoining areas.

  • Stressing on the need to bring down the cost, royalty and tax exemptions on the project material will save more than Rs 1,000 crore.

  • The states through which the road will pass should chair State-level High Powered Committee meetings to sort all state-specific issues which will facilitate faster implementation of the project.

  • The states will share the Rs 650 crore land acquisition cost. He also suggested forming a Chambal Development Authority for better coordination and progress of the region.


Source: Business Standard.


Map of the Day–Jordan


Quote for the Day


“Fall down seven times, stand up eight.” – Japanese Quotes

 

Mains Answer Writing


  1. Explain the contributing factors that have led to high IMR and discuss measures to address the same. (250 Words).

  2. Explain how the conditions of prisoners amidst the tough covid-19 situation are worsening. (250 Words).

  3. Explain the effect of pandemic, it leading to lockdown and effects thereafter. (250 Words).


Test your Knowledge



  1. Consider the following statements with regard to the Swachh Survekshan:

    1. The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), Government of India takes up the Swachh Survekshan in urban areas as well as in rural areas. 

    2. The Quality Council of India (QCI) has been commissioned the responsibility of carrying out the assessment.

    3. As a prelude to encouraging cities to improve urban sanitation, MoHUA has been conducting Swachh Survekshan since 2017. 

Select the incorrect answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 only

      2. 1 and 2 only

      3. 1 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Consider the following statements with regard to the Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY):

    1. The Government of India has launched the scheme for rural electrification in 2015.

    2. It subsumed erstwhile Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) scheme.

    3. NABARD is the Nodal Agency for implementation of DDUGJY.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 only

      2. 1 and 2 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Consider the following statements:

    1. Russia recognises dual citizenship while India forbids it.

    2. Russia has a Semi presidential form of government.

    3. Russia has a unicameral legislature while India has a bicameral legislature.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 1 and 3 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Which of the following organization has invented a pendent named, 'PULSE' that stops you from touching your face thus preventing spread of Coronavirus?

 

      1. ISRO

      2. NASA

      3. DRDO

      4. CSIR

 

  1. Hpakant is famous for its jade mines which produce the world's best quality jadeite. It is located in:

 

      1. China

      2. Nepal

      3. India

      4. Myanmar


Answers

  1. C 2.B 3.A4.B 5.D


 
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