Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 17th October 2020

THALASSEMIA BAL SEWA YOJNA


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Thalassemia Bal Sewa Yojna Info | IASToppers

Context

  • Union Health Ministry has launched the second phase of “Thalassemia Bal Sewa Yojna” for underprivileged Thalassemic patients. 

  • This scheme was launched in 2017 under the Coal India CSR funded Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) program.

 

About the program

 

  • It aims to provide a one-time cure opportunity for Haemoglobinopathies like Thalassaemia and Sickle Cell Disease for patients who have a matched family donor.

  • The initiative was targeted to provide financial assistance to a total of 200 patients by providing a package cost not exceeding Rs. 10 lakhs per HSCT.

 

Thalassemia

 

  • Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by less oxygen-carrying protein (hemoglobin) and fewer red blood cells in the body than normal.

  • When there isn’t enough hemoglobin, the body’s red blood cells don’t function properly and they last shorter periods of time, so there are fewer healthy red blood cells traveling in the bloodstream.

  • Symptoms include fatigue, weakness, paleness, and slow growth.

  • Mild forms may not need treatment. Severe forms may require blood transfusions or a donor stem-cell transplant.

 

Source: PIB.


'STARS' PROJECT

 

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

STARS Project: Rs 5718 crore World Bank-aided scheme to improve school  education

Context

  • The Union Cabinet has approved the World Bank-supported Strengthening Teaching-Learning and Results for States -STARS project.

  • The Project seeks to support States in developing, implementing, and evaluating interventions with direct linkages to improved education outcomes.

Highlights

  • The total project cost is 5,718 crore rupees with the financial support of the World Bank amounting to 500 million US dollar.

  • STARS project would be implemented as a new Centrally Sponsored Scheme under the Department of School Education and Literacy.

  • It will cover six States, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala and Odisha.


Source: The Hindu.


RS 75 DENOMINATION TO MARK THE 75TH ANNIVERSARY OF FAO

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Prime Minister Modi To Release Commemorative Coin Of Rs. 75 Denomination On  FAO's 75th Anniversary On

Context

  • On the occasion of 75th Anniversary of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) on 16th October 2020, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will release a commemorative coin of Rs 75 denomination to mark the long-standing relation of India with FAO. 

  • Prime Minister will also dedicate to the Nation 17 recently developed biofortified varieties of 8 crops.

Background

 

  • The event marks the highest priority accorded by the government to agriculture and nutrition, and is a testament of the resolve to completely eliminate hunger, undernourishment and malnutrition. 

  • It will be witnessed by Anganwadis, Krishi Vigyan Kendras, Organic and Horticulture Missions across the country.  

  • Union Agriculture Minister, Finance Minister and WCD Minister will also be present on the occasion.

 

About India and FAO

 

  • The journey of FAO in making the vulnerable classes and masses stronger, economically and nutritionally, has been unparalleled. 

  • India has had a historic association with FAO. Indian Civil Service Officer Dr. Binay Ranjan Sen was the Director General of FAO during 1956-1967.  

  • The World Food Programme, which has won the Nobel Peace Prize 2020, was established during his time. 

  • India’s proposals for the International Year of Pulses in 2016 and the International Year of Millets 2023 have also been endorsed by FAO.

 

Highlights

 

  • India has rolled out an ambitious POSHAN Abhiyaan targeting over 100 million people with the aim to reduce stunting, undernutrition, anaemia, and low birth weight. 

  • Malnutrition is a global problem with two billion people suffering from micronutrient deficiency. 

  • Nearly 45% of deaths among children are linked to malnutrition. 

  • Appropriately, it is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the UN. 

  • Aligning with the international priority, the development of nutritionally rich varieties of crops with elevated levels of micronutrients iron, zinc, calcium, total protein, quality of protein with high lysine and tryptophan, anthocyanin, provitamin A, and oleic acid, and reduced level of anti-nutritional factors etc. has been accorded top priority by the government. 

  • The National Agricultural Research System under the leadership of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) developed 53 such varieties during the last five years.  

  • There was only one biofortified variety developed prior to 2014. 

 

Source: PIB.

 

WOMEN SAFETY IN UP

 

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

yogi adityanath: Uttar Pradesh launches Chief Minister's Helpline - The  Economic Times

Context

  • In a major decision related to women security in the state, Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath has ordered women to establish women help desks in each and every police station of the state.

  • The Chief Minister gave the instruction in a meeting with senior government officials and asked them to prioritize and ensure the women's security in the state.

 

Background

 

Referring to the Mission Shakti to be launched for the women's safety and security on tomorrow, the first day of the Navratri, the chief minister dedicated the upcoming Navratri days to women's and empowerment.

 

Highlights

 

  • The official press release says that generally women hesitate in registering their complaints with male cops in police station. 

  • Keeping this in mind, Women police personnel will be given the charge of these women help desks so that every woman in state can register her complain freely and fearlessly.

  • Government has directed to implement this order with immediate effect.

  • The women police personnel personnel police personnel deputed on helpdesk will not only listen to the complaints of women but will always be ready to help them anytime. 

  • Government had earlier established pink booths at various intersections of Lucknow. 

  • Women Cops are also deployed at major Crossings in various big cities including state capital Lucknow. 

  • It has also made arrangements to drop working women to their homes at odd hours.

Source: AIR News.

UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

 

Context

  • Pakistan along with China, Russia and Cuba have been elected on the United Nations Human Rights Council despite their abysmal human rights records. 

  • United States Secretary of State slammed the UN body tasked with defending human rights for this election.

About NHRC

 

  • The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system.

  • It meets at the UN Office at Geneva.

  • It was founded in 2006. 

  • It replaced the former United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR) that had been strongly criticised for allowing countries with poor human rights records to be members.

  • The Council is made of 47 Member States, which are elected by the UN General Assembly. 

  • The Council's Membership is based on equitable geographical distribution.


Source: AIR.


INDIA - MYANMAR DEFENCE RELATIONS


Focus: GS2.

Topic: India and its neighbourhood- relations.

 

Context

  • India will be delivering a Kilo Class submarine INS Sindhuvir to Myanmar Navy as part of defence cooperation.

  • This will be the first submarine of the Myanmar Navy.

 

Highlights

 

  • Cooperation in the maritime domain is an important part of India's enhanced engagement with Myanmar. 

  • It is in accordance with India's vision of SAGAR (Security and Growth for All in the Region) and in line with build capacities and self-reliance in all the neighbouring countries.

  • Myanmar is one of India's strategic neighbours and shares a 1,640-kilometer-long border with a number of north-eastern states including militancy-hit Nagaland and Manipur.

  • Kilo class refers to diesel-electric attack submarines that were designed and built in the erstwhile Soviet Union.

 

Source: The Hindu.

MACS 6478

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

 

Context

  • Farmers now have a wheat variety developed by Indian scientists with significantly high yield. 

  • The chapati from the flour of this wheat also scores high on quality.

 

Background

 

This wheat variety called MACS 6478 and developed by Scientists from Agharkar Research Institute (ARI), an autonomous institute of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, has doubled the crop yield for farmers in Karanjkhop, a village in Maharashtra.

 

Highlights

 

  • The farmers of the village in Koregaon tehsil of Satara district in Maharashtra are now getting a yield of 45-60 quintal per hectare with the new variety as against earlier average yield ranging 25-30 quintal per hectare when they cultivated Lok 1, HD 2189 and other old varieties.

  • The newly developed common wheat or bread wheat, also called high yielding Aestivum, matures in 110 days and is resistant to most races of leaf and stem rust. 

  • The amber colored medium sized grain contains 14% protein, 44.1 ppm zinc and 42.8 ppm iron which is higher than other cultivated varieties.

  • A research paper on this variety has been published in ‘International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences’.

  • The chapati quality of flour of this wheat is excellent, having score of 8.05 with good bread quality scoring 6.93. 

  • Maharashtra State seed agency for seed multiplication, ‘Mahabeej’ is carrying out certified seed production of MACS 6478 for use by farmers.

  • With the efforts of a former seed certification officer and support from ARI staff, so far 10 farmers of the village have cultivated this variety on fourteen acres of land. 

  • Farmers of Karanjkhop have planned to establish a company for further seed production and other agricultural produce.


Source: PIB.


NAGARNAR STEEL PLANT (NSP)

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.


Context

  • The government approved demerger of the under-construction Nagarnar steel plant (NSP) from NMDC, and its strategic disinvestment by selling the entire stake of the Centre to a strategic buyer.

  • State-owned NMDC, under the Ministry of Steel, is constructing the steel plant at Nagarnar in Chhattisgarh.

 

Background

 

"The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given its in-principle approval to the demerger of Nagarnar Steel Plant (NSP) from NMDC and strategic disinvestment of the demerged company (NSP) by selling entire Government of India stake in it to a strategic buyer," an official statement said.

 

Highlights

 

  • The CCEA has taken note that the process of demerger and disinvestment will be initiated in parallel and disinvestment of the demerged company (NSP) is expected to be completed by September 2021, it said.

  • With the demerger, the statement said, NMDC can focus on its core activities of mining. NSP shall be a separate company and the managements of NMDC and NSP shall be accountable for their respective operations and financial performance.

  • "Shareholders of NMDC will also be shareholders of the demerged company (NSP) in the proportion of their shareholding. The investors will have better visibility of the operations and cash flow of NMDC and NSP separately," it said.

  • The demerger will also be tax neutral from the point of view of capital gains, it added.

  • NSP is a 3 million tonne per annum (mtpa) integrated steel plant being set up by NMDC in Nagarnar over an area of 1,980 acres at a revised estimated cost of Rs 23,140 crore.

  • As on date, NMDC has invested Rs 17,186 crore on the project, out of which Rs 16,662 crore is from NMDC''s own funds and Rs 524 crore has been raised from the bond market, it said.

  • NMDC is a listed central public sector enterprise in which the Government of India has 69.65 per cent shareholding.

 

Source: Outlook.


GOVT BANS IMPORTS OF AIR CONDITIONERS WITH REFRIGERANTS


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

The government banned the imports of air | Kharghar, Sector 7

Context

  • The government banned imports of air conditioners with refrigerants with a view to promote domestic manufacturing and cut imports of non essential items.

  • “Import policy of air conditioners with refrigerants ...is amended from free to prohibited,” directorate general of foreign trade said in a notification.

 

Background

 

  • The government is taking steps to promote domestic manufacturing and reduce import bill of non-essential goods. 

  • In June, the government imposed curbs on imports of certain new pneumatic tyres used in motor cars, busses, lorries and motorcycles.

 

Highlights

 

  • Non-essential electronic goods have been under the purview of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry since the government decided to push for self-reliance in various sectors this year.

  • Air conditioners, specifically, have been singled out by Prime Minister Narendra Modi as an example of a segment where self-reliance was required.

  • In July, the government imposed restrictions on the imports of various colour TV sets as well.


Source: Indian Express.


Map of the Day–Thailand

Map of Thailand


Quote for the Day


“Don’t take a rest after your first victory because if you fail in second, more lips are waiting to say that your first victory was just luck.” ― Dr APJ Abdul Kalam

 

Mains Answer Writing


  1. Critically analyse the current conditions of land reforms in the country and explain the need to focus on conclusive titles of lands. (250 Words).

  2. Examine how states are budgeting for education of CWDs by analyzing existing interventions both by union and state governments, present a detailed analysis of school education budgets for different States. (250 Words).

  3. Discuss critically how much of the damage caused by the floods was mainly due to inadequate drainage infrastructure, much of the damage was due to the overflowing of lakes, lack of proper drainage system and their mismanagement. (250 Words).


Test your Knowledge



  1. Consider the following statements with reference to Leather Sector Skill Council (LSSC):

    1. It operates under the aegis of the Ministry of Social Justice.

    2. It is a non-profit organization dedicated to meet the demand for skilled workforce in the leather industry in India. 

    3. It was set up in 2012 as one of the key sector skill councils approved by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 1 and 3 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Consider the following statements:

    1. India recently delivered Submarine `Shyena’ to Myanmar.

    2. INS Sindhuvir is a diesel-electric Kilo Class submarine.

    3. This is a Russian refitted diesel-electric Kilo Class submarine.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 1 and 3 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Consider the following statements about State development loans:

    1. State Development Loans (SDLs) are dated securities.

    2. It is issued by states for meeting their market borrowings requirements.

    3. The lower the fiscal strength of a state, the lower will be the interest rate (yield) it has to pay for the SDL borrowings.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 1 and 3 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. ‘KAPILA’ Kalam Program, recently seen in the news, is related to:

 

      1. Intellectual Property Literacy and Awareness

      2. Indigenous development of cryogenic technology

      3. Development of Wheeler Island, Odisha

      4. Hackathon for social issues

 

  1. The Bhitarkanika wildlife sanctuary and Simlipal National Park are located in:

 

      1. Odisha

      2. Kerala

      3. Karnataka

      4. Meghalaya


Answers

  1. C 2.C 3.A4.A 5.A


 
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