Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 2nd December 2020

JONAS ‘VISHWANATH’ MASETTI


Focus: GS1.

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Who is Jonas Masetti, PM Modi remembered this way, took education from  Swami Dayanand - The India Print : theindiaprint.com, The Print

Context

  • Jonas ‘Vishwanath’ Masetti, a Brazilian Vedanta guru was praised in Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s latest rendition of radio programme Mann ki Baat. 

  • Masetti, who took up the name of Vishwanath, gives Vedanta lessons in Petrópolis hills near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 

 

Background

 

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi highlighted the Brazilian icon’s work and accomplishments in Vedic knowledge.

  • The Prime Minister deemed his as a world ambassador for India’s culture and scriptures stating that “Some people came to India in search of themselves and stayed here for life while some returned to their countries as the cultural ambassadors of India.”

 

Highlights

 

  • Jonas Masetti started as yet another person who sought the true meaning and thence satisfaction in life.

  • He realised that he had everything, girlfriend, family, money and professional success yet he sought the self fulfilment. Masetti, an engineer by profession worked at a stock marketing company and later ran a consultancy firm that worked with top money. After observing similar situations of his fellow successful colleagues, he turned to spirituality for answers.

  • He moved to India and studied Swami Dayananda Saraswati’s philosophy on Vedanta.

  • During his four-year stay in India, he became part of the Vedanta tradition that helps people to find peace and inner balance independent of the outside world.

  • He studied Vedanta at Arsha Vidya Gurukulam in Coimbatore.


Source: Indian Express.


SCO ONLINE INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION


Focus: GS1.

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Venkaiah Naidu, Vice President of India & Chair of the SCO Council of Heads  of Government in 2020, launched the first ever SCO Online Exhibition on Shared  Buddhist Heritage, during the 19th

Context

Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu, Vice President of India & Chair of the SCO Council of Heads of Government in 2020, launched the first ever SCO Online Exhibition on Shared Buddhist Heritage, during the 19th Meeting of the SCO Council of Heads of Government (SCO CHG), held in New Delhi, in videoconference format.

 

Background

 

  • This SCO online International exhibition, first ever of its kind, is developed and curated by National Museum, New Delhi, in active collaboration with SCO member countries. 

  • The exhibition deploys state of the art technologies like 3D scanning, webGL platform, virtual space utilization, innovative curation and narration methodology etc.

 

Highlights

 

  • Buddhist philosophy and art of Central Asia connects Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) countries to each other. 

  • This online international exhibition presents an excellent opportunity for visitors to access, appreciate and compare Buddhist art antiquities from SCO countries on a single platform and from the comfort of their home.  

  • Such transnational online exhibition also has potential to connect, heal and rejuvenate communities in current pandemic times.

  • The international exhibition gives a glimpse of the artistic wealth displayed in various museums across Asia, and represents the artistic excellence embedded within an eclectic historical timeline spanning across the development of different Schools of Buddhism.

  • The participating institutions are National Museum (New Delhi), Indian Museum (Kolkata), National Museum of Kazakhstan, Dun Huang Academy (China), National Historical Museum of the Kyrgyz Republic, Museums of Pakistan, State Museum of Oriental Art, Moscow (Russia), National Museum and National Museum of Antiquities, Tajikistan and renowned archaeological sites of Uzbekistan.


Source: PIB.


TOPS CORE GROUP


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Dutee Chand among eight athletes included in TOPS core group

Context

  • 8 Track and Field Athletes were included in the core group of the Target Olympic Podium Scheme at the 50th MOC meeting held. 

  • 7 Track and Field Athletes were included in the TOPS developmental group.

Background

  • The decision to include athletes in the TOPS core group was based on their performance progression and their qualification or high probability of qualification for the Tokyo Olympics scheduled next year.

  • India earned an Olympic quota in the Mixed 4x400m relay at the 2019 World Championships.

 

Highlights

  • The Target Olympic Podium Scheme is a flagship program of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports which is an attempt to provide assistance to India’s top athletes.

  • The Scheme looks to add a premium to the preparations of these athletes so that they can win Olympic medals in 2020 and 2024 Olympics.

  • Under the Scheme, the Department of Sports shall identify athletes who are potential medal winners in 2020 / 2024 Olympics.

  • The idea of the Scheme is to also keep an eye in the future and fund a Developmental Group of Athletes who are medal prospects for the Olympic Games in Paris in 2024 and Los Angeles Games in 2028.

  • The Mission Olympic Cell is a dedicated body created to assist the athletes who are selected under the TOP Scheme. 

  • The MOC is under the Chairmanship of the Director General, Sports Authority (DG, SAI).

 

Source: The Hindu.


CHINA PLANS FOR FIRST DOWNSTREAM DAM ON BRAHMAPUTRA


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

China dam on Brahmaputra won't be harmless if water not diverted | The  Business Standard

Context

A Chinese hydropower company is set to construct the first downstream dam on the lower reaches of the Brahmaputra river, or Yarlung Zangbo as it is known in Tibet.

 

Background

 

  • China will implement the hydropower exploitation in the downstream of the Yarlung Zangbo River” as part of the new Five-Year Plan (2021-2025).

  • China in 2015 operationalised its first hydropower project at Zangmu in Tibet, while three other dams at Dagu, Jiexu and Jiacha are being developed, all on the upper and middle reaches of the river.

 

Highlights

  • The “Great Bend” of the Brahmaputra and at the Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon in Medogcounty, where the river falls spectacularly over a 2,000 metre-drop and turns sharply to flow across the border into Arunachal Pradesh.

  • If built, it could provide 300 billion kWh of clean, renewable and zero-carbon electricity annually.

  • The project will play a significant role in realising China’s goal of reaching a carbon emissions peak before 2030 and carbon neutrality in 2060.

Source: The Hindu.

 

ASTEROID (153201) 2000 WO107

 

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Asteroid, nearly as big as Burj Khalifa, to fly by earth today – Latest  News Headlines l Politics, Cricket, Finance, Technology, Celebrity,  Business & Gadgets

Context

An asteroid named (153201) 2000 WO107, that is more than 800 metre high and over 500 metre wide – bigger than skyscraper Burj Khalifa – flew past earth.

 

About the asteroid

  • Burj Khalifa is the world’s tallest building with a height of 829.8 metre and asteroid 2000 WO107, which was discovered in 2000, has a diameter is 820 metre.

  • The massive asteroid has been classified as a Near-Earth Asteroid (NEA). 

  • NEA is a group of comets and asteroids pulled into the orbit due to the gravitational forces of nearby planets, which allows them to enter the Earth’s neighbourhood.

  • Nasa’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory has classified it as a ‘Potentially Hazardous Asteroid’ due to its predicted close pass with Earth.

Source: Hindustan Times.

LAKSHADWEEP AND ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR TO MEET 100 PERCENT ENERGY NEEDS THROUGH RENEWABLE ENERGY

 

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.


Context

  • In a positive development, Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Power and New and Renewable Energy RK Singh has stated on record that the government is targeting Andaman & Nicobar, and Lakshadweep Islands should be able to meet their total energy requirement from renewable energy sources.

  • He emphasised that the Government has already given the UTs targets to become totally green. 

 

Highlights

 

  • This comes as a major boost for the Island territories and may lead to a significant transformation in the way by which they meet their energy needs.

  • Meanwhile, Singh also shared that the nation has already installed about 1,36,000 megawatts (MW) of renewable energy capacity. 

  • He also informed the gathering that additional 57,000 MW of renewable power generation capacity is under implementation at the moment.

  • While the Government is targeting 175 GW of total renewable energy generation capacity by 2022 when India shall complete 75 years of Independence from the usurious British Raj, Singh shared that by 2030, the nation was targeting to install a capacity for 450 GW of renewable energy.

 

Source: The Hindu.


MARCOS

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.


Context

  • Amid border standoff with China along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Ladakh, India has deployed its marine commandos MARCOS in Pangong Tso lake area, one of the key friction areas with the Chinese PLA troops. 

  • Citing government sources, news agency ANI said that the deployment of MARCOS in Eastern Ladakh is aimed at enhancing the integration of the tri services in the area and provide the commandos exposure to extreme cold weather conditions. 

 

Background

 

  • Indian Air Force's Garud, Indian Army's Para Special Forces and Cabinet Secretariat's Special Frontier Force have already been guarding the area in Eastern Ladakh for long.

  • "The MARCOS have been deployed in the Pangong lake area where the Indian and Chinese forces have been engaged in a conflict situation since April-May timeframe this year," the agency quoted government sources as saying.

 

Highlights

 

  • The MARCOS commandos will also get new boats to carry out operations in the Pangong Tso lake area. 

  • During the early days of the India-China conflict, India moved its Garud Special Forces to the strategic heights along the LAC to keep a vigil on any fighter or other enemy aircraft violating the Indian air space.

  • With standoff still not resolved, the Indian Army has completed the establishment of habitat facilities for all troops deployed in eastern Ladakh to ensure operational efficiency in the harsh winter months.

  • The Army said that apart from smart camps with integrated facilities which have been built over the years, additional state-of-the-art habitats with integrated arrangements for electricity, water, heating facilities, health and hygiene have been recently created to accommodate the troops.

  • The eastern Ladakh region witnesses temperature dipping to minus 30-40 degrees Celsius and experiences up to 40 feet of snowfall after the months of December and January. In addition, road access to the region also gets affected due to the heavy snowfall in the area.

 

Source: The Hindu.


LONELIEST ELEPHANT HEADS TO CAMBODIA AFTER CHER CAMPAIGN


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.


Context

  • Following years of public outcry and campaigning by American pop star Cher, the "world's loneliest elephant" embarked on a mammoth move from Pakistan to retirement in a Cambodian sanctuary.

  • The famed singer and Oscar-winning actress has spent recent days at the Islamabad zoo to provide moral support to Kaavan -- an overweight, 36-year-old bull elephant -- whose pitiful treatment at the dilapidated facility sparked an uproar from animal rights groups and a spirited social media campaign by Cher.

 

Highlights

 

  • Kaavan is dubbed the "world's loneliest elephant" after languishing alone for years in a Pakistani zoo.

  • The plight of the male Asian elephant, who's been alone since the death of his partner Saheli in 2012, has captured worldwide attention.

  • The loss of his mate Saheli in 2012 took a toll on Kaavan's mental health. 

  • Elephants are social animals that thrive on the company of other elephants.


Source: NDTV.


MISSION COVID SURAKSHA


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.


Context

  • The Centre has announced the third stimulus package of Rs 900 crore for the Mission COVID Suraksha- The Indian COVID-19 Vaccine Development Mission. 

  • This grant will be provided to the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) for Research and Development of Indian COVID-19 vaccines with end-to-end focus from preclinical development through clinical development and manufacturing and regulatory facilitation for deployment. 

 

Background

 

  • It would consolidate all available and funded resources towards an accelerated product development. 

  • The Ministry of Science and Technology said that this will help accelerate development of approximately 5 to 6 vaccine candidates.

 

Highlights

 

  • This will also ensure that these are brought closer to licensure and introduction in the market for consideration of regulatory authorities for introduction in public health systems, to combat further spread of COVID infection. 

  • Phase-I of the COVID Suraksha Mission has been allotted 900 Crore rupees for a period of 12 months.

  • The Ministry said that a total of 10 vaccine candidates have been supported by the Department of Biotechnology so far at both academia and industry and as on date. 

  • Five vaccine candidates are in human trials including the Russian Vaccine Sputnik-V with at least three more in advanced stages of preclinical to enter human trials shortly. 

 

Source: AIR News.


Map of the Day–Uzbekistan

Map of Uzbekistan


Quote for the Day


"We are slowed down sound and light waves, a walking bundle of frequencies tuned into the cosmos. We are souls dressed up in sacred biochemical garments and our bodies are the instruments through which our souls play their music." - Albert Einstein

Mains Answer Writing


  1. Discuss the causes of such dismal number of participations of women in Science field in the country and explain the societal factors. (250 words).

  2. Define what caste system is. Explain how in Indian societal setup caste a form of social stratification. (250 words).

  3. Explain the challenges associated with targeting welfare beneficiaries in the country. And also analyse how concept of social registry can help addressing the same. (250 words).


Test your Knowledge


  1. With reference to an asteroid named (153201) 2000 WO107, consider the following statements:

  1. It has been classified as a Near-Earth Asteroid (NEA).

  2. NEA is a group of comets and asteroids pulled into the orbit due to the gravitational forces of nearby planets, which doesnot allow them to enter the Earth’s neighbourhood.

  3. Nasa’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory has classified it as a ‘Potentially Hazardous Asteroid’ due to its predicted close pass with Earth.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 only

      2. 1 and 2 only

      3. 1 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3


2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Government of India is aiming for 100 per cent renewable energy in Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep.

  2. India has installed about 1,36,000 megawatts (MW) of Renewable Energy capacity with capacity addition of another 57,000 MW under implementation.

  3. The programme is managed by the ministry of cultural affairs for engagement with Indian origin youth to enhance their awareness about India’s art and culture.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 and 2 only

  2. 1 and 3 only

  3. 2 and 3 only

  4. 1, 2 and 3

 

3. With reference to the MARCOS, consider the following statements:

  1. They are the Special Forces unit of the Indian Navy that is responsible for conducting special operations.

  2. MARCOS was founded in 1962.

  3. MARCOS are capable of operating in all types of environments; at sea, in air and on land.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

    1. 1 only

    2. 1 and 2 only

    3. 1 and 3 only

    4. 1, 2 and 3

 

4.  Yarlung zangbo river in India is known as:

 

  1. Teesta

  2. Son

  3. Ganga

  4. Siang

 

5. What is Kaavan, recently seen in news?

 

  1. Exoplanet

  2. Minisatellite launched by China

  3. Dubbed as the "world's loneliest elephant"

  4. Poetry festival in Jaipur


Answers

  1. C2.A3.C4.D5.C