Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

RSTV – THE BIG PICTURE ANALYSIS

TECHNICAL EDUCATION AND REGIONAL LANGUAGES

The Editorial covers GS paper 2 [Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.]

National Education Policy 2020 for UPSC Exam - Legacy IAS

Context

  • A few IITs and NITs are being shortlisted for the same.

  • The decision to teach in regional language was taken at a high-level meeting chaired by Union Minister of Education Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank last month. 

  • In their decision announced, the ministry said that this move is in line with the new National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 which promotes regional language as a mode of delivering education.


What is the Background?

  • IIT Kharagpur Director Prof V K Tewari called for developing a policy framework for regional language education not only at schools but also in technical institutes so that language does not become a barrier to learning.

  • Adopting regional language in technical education is "a necessary long-term goal", Tewari said in his official Facebook page, lauding a decision of the Ministry of Education in this regard.

What are the key points?

  • It has been observed that the human mind is more receptive to communication in the language in which it is accustomed to thinking from childhood.

  • When explained in regional languages, especially mother tongue, grabbing the concepts or expression of the ideas by the students becomes fairly easy.

  • This can be observed frequently in practical classes and labs where lab instructors often form a close relationship with students and communicate with them in the languages known by them and even some teachers adopt this approach outside the classroom.

  • Now it is to be contemplated how such practice can be institutionalized at IITs and NITs with a regionally diverse student population.

  • The challenge of language as a barrier to the learning process needs to be critically reviewed. 

  • This would lead to the development of a policy framework for regional language education not only at schools but in higher education including technical education.

 

Conclusion

Depending upon the composition of students from various vernacular backgrounds or those facing a challenge in English communication, and the availability of teachers with regional language proficiency, these hubs can be structured.