Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 4th December 2020


Focus: GS1.

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

आधिकारिक बुलेटिन - 4 (1-Dec-2020)उत्तर प्रदेश के अयोध्या में सरयू नदी पर 'रामायण  क्रूज सेवा' जल्द ही शुरू की जाएगी('Ramayan Cruise Service' will be launched  soon on the ...


  • Union Minister of Ports, Shipping and Waterways, GOI announced that the Ramayan Cruise Tour will be launched soon on the Saryu river in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh. 

  • It will be first-ever luxury cruise service on the holy Saryu river (Ghagra/National Waterways-40).


About cruise


  • The cruise will be equipped with all the luxury comfort, safety and security features at par with the global standards.

  • The 80-seater cruise will be fully air-conditioned.

  • It will have large glass windows so that the tourists can experience the scenic beauty of Ghats.

  • Kitchen and pantry facilities will also be available for the tourists.

  • The cruise will have bio-toilets and hybrid engines system for the ‘zero effect’ on the environment.




  • The project aims to give the mesmerizing experience of the divine journey to devotees visiting holy city Ayodhya. 

  • The interior of the cruise and the boarding point will be based on the theme of Ramcharitmanas. 

  • The tour will be of 1 to 1.5-hour duration, covering approximately 15-16 km distance.

  • It will feature a 45-60 minutes video based on Ramcharitmanas by Goswami Tulsidas, depicting the period from the birth of Lord Ram to his Rajyabhishek.

  • Selfie points inspired by different episodes of Ramayan will also be set up.

  • The tour will be followed by Saryu Aarti where the tourists can actively participate.


  • The claim of Hyderabad once being known as ‘Bhagyanagar’ stems from the love Hyderabad founder and ruler Quli Qutub Shah is believed to have had for a dancer named Bhagamati. 

  • It is said that he named the city he founded after Bhagmati. 

  • The name Hyderabad, it is said, emerged when Bhagmati married the king and took on the name ‘Hyder Mahal’ after converting to Islam.

  • The temple, meanwhile, has been flagged as an unauthorised construction by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) for decades.

  • While historians note the lack of conclusive evidence to prove the claims surrounding both Bhagyanagar and the Bhagyalakshmi temple, they point out that Hyderabad is a melting pot that brooks no one label. 

Source: Indian Express.



Focus: GS1.

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

Arjun Munda E-Inaugurates 1st Ever Virtual Aadi Mahotsav – Madhya Pradesh |  Indian Bureaucracy is an Exclusive News Portal


  • Tribal Affairs Minister Arjun Munda launched the virtual edition of Aadi Mahotsav- Madhya Pradesh. 

  • The 10-day long festival, commencing, is being hosted on the Tribes India website (www.tribesindia.com). 

  • The main focus is on the tribal craft and culture of Madhya Pradesh.



  • The highlights of the virtual launch included a virtual tour of the artisans’ work place and glimpses of the tribal dance and music from Madhya Pradesh. 

  • It was also announced that the next focus state from the 11th December would be Gujarat, following which the spotlight would shift to Bengal from the 21st December, 2020.

About the mahotsav

  • The Aadi Mahotsav – A Celebration of the Spirit of Tribal Culture, Crafts, Cuisine and Commerce – is a successful initiative that was commenced in 2017. 

  • The festival was an attempt to familiarise the people with the rich and diverse craft, culture of the tribal communities across the country, in one place. 

  • Held between 16-30 November, 2019 in New Delhi, the 15-day festival featured an exhibition-cum-sale of tribal handicrafts, art, paintings fabric, jewellery. 

  • More than 400 tribal artisans and producers from across India enriched the festival with their participation and it received tremendous response.

  • The event will showcase the tribal traditions of the various tribal communities – by having their crafts and natural produce on display. 

  • Videos showcasing different aspects of their culture – music, dance etc, will also be shared. 

  • In essence, it will still be a celebration of the tribes and their diverse, varied lifestyle but on a different platform.

Source: AIR News.


Focus: GS1.

Topic: Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

Child-friendly" police station launched in Pune


  • A "child-friendly" police station set up in accordance with the guidelines laid down by the National Commissioner for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) was launched in Pune. 

  • This police station will work towards character building among children and will also work in changing the notion that police are not enemies but friends of people.




  • Launched with an aim to ward off fear among children, the child-friendly police station will work towards raising high morale. 

  • A message that police are not the enemies of people but friends will also be spread through this unique police station that has come up in the premises of Lashkar police station in Pune. 

  • The child friendly police station houses books and and toys and will also work towards character building among children.




  • IIT Kanpur Director, Dr Abhay Karandikar said the "child-friendly police station is an innovative concept in the direction of preventing juvenile crimes and children reforms. 

  • He said, Pune police have worked with Hope for Children Foundation to set up this. 

  • Pune police commissioner Amitabh Gupta said this will be replicated at other police stations if it turns out to be a success.


Source: AIR news.


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.


The Jammu & Kashmir administration has recently released a series of lists of alleged beneficiaries of the Roshni Act of 2001, now scrapped, which gave ownership rights to the unauthorized occupants of state land against payment of a premium.




Following a recent order by the Jammu & Kashmir High Court, the administration has annulled the Act (it was earlier repealed prospectively) and decided to retrieve land transferred under the Roshni scheme.




  • Formally the Jammu and Kashmir State Land (Vesting of Ownership to the Occupants) Act, 2001, Roshni Act was passed by the then National Conference government to give ownership to people in possession of state land, with a cut-off of 1990, and against payment, as determined by the government.

  • Since the aim was to generate resources for hydroelectric power projects, it was called Roshni (Light) Act.

  • In its 2014 report, the CAG termed the scheme an Rs-25,000-crore scam. 

  • In October 2018, then Governor Satya Pal Malik repealed the Roshni Act prospectively.

Source: AIR News.


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

Cyclone Burevi: Will not be as strong as Cyclone Nivar (Summary)


  • In exactly a week, another cyclone - Burevi - will hit the Tamil Nadu coast. 

  • This is the third cyclone formed within the last 10 days in the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. 


  • The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has warned of heavy rain for Tamil Nadu and Kerala. 

  • The cyclone is expected to cross Tamil Nadu’s southernmost district of Kanyakumari. 

  • Comparing with Cyclone Nivar: 

    • Developed in the Bay of Bengal, the very severe cyclone Nivar (wind speeds of 89 to 117 km/hr), had hit near Karaikal recently. 

    • Unstable sea conditions, in the southwest region of Bay of Bengal, continue due to the recent crossing of Nivar. 

    • The overall sea conditions currently remain disturbed. 

    • This is why meteorologists say there is a high possibility that Cyclone Burevi would not strengthen beyond the intensity of a cyclonic storm. 

Source: Indian Express.


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.


  • Responding to the Prime Minister’s call for Aatmanirbhar Bharat, KVIC engaged hundreds of migrant workers in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar and engaged them with its flagship schemes like Honey Mission, Kumhar Sashaktikaran Yojana and Project DigniTEA among others. 

  • Apart from distributing them with essential tool kits; KVIC also provided technical training and supervision to the new beekeepers so as to support them.




  • The self-sustainability measures initiated by Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) in wake of the Covid-19 pandemic have begun yielding results. 

  • The distressed migrant workers who were engaged with KVIC’s Honey Mission in Uttar Pradesh in the month of August, have reaped their first honey harvest and are awaiting a bumper yield in the months from December to March.



  • To begin with, five migrant workers in Western UP’s Muzaffarnagar district extracted 253 kg of honey from their 50 honey bee boxes that were distributed to them on August 25 this year. 

  • Raw honey sells at an average of Rs 200 per kg and at this rate it is estimated to fetch nearly Rs 50,000 to the migrant workers.  

  • This means an average income of Rs 10,000 to each of these beneficiaries. 

  • A total of 700 bee boxes were distributed to 70 migrant workers after training by KVIC in this region. 

  • Honey extraction from remaining bee boxes will continue in coming days.

  • The production of honey from these boxes will increase by at least 5 times in the months from December to March as the Eucalyptus and Mustard crop will be in full bloom during the season. 

  • Each of these bee boxes will produce nearly 25 kg of honey during the peak season. 

  • Further, the beekeepers will be able to migrate their boxes to nearby states like Haryana, Rajasthan and Eastern Uttar Pradesh where honey bees will find abundance of pollen and nectar and thus add to honey production.

Source: AIR News.



Focus: GS3.

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.


  • US drugmaker Moderna said it was applying for emergency use authorization for its Covid-19 vaccine. 

  • In India, Serum Institute of India, which is trialling a version of the AstraZeneca-Oxford vaccine, has said it expects to seek emergency use authorization within the next two weeks.




  • Vaccines and medicines, and even diagnostic tests and medical devices, require the approval of a regulatory authority before they can be administered. 

  • In India, the regulatory authority is the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO).




  • For vaccines and medicines, approval is granted after an assessment of their safety and effectiveness, based on data from trials. 

  • This is a long process, designed to ensure that a medicine or vaccine is absolutely safe and effective.

  • In emergency situations, like the current one, regulatory authorities around the world have developed mechanisms to grant interim approvals if there is sufficient evidence to suggest a medical product is safe and effective.

  • Final approval is granted only after completion of the trials and analysis of full data; until then, emergency use authorisation (EUA) allows the medicine or the vaccine to be used on the public.


Source: Indian Express.


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.


  • A proposal of Day Care Therapy Center facility under Ayurveda, Yoga, and Naturopathy systems for central government employees and pensioners has been approved by the Ministry of Health and Family welfare. 

  • Private Day Care Therapy centers of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy will be empanelled under Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) shortly, in a manner similar to empanelment of Day Care Therapy Centers of conventional (Allopathy) medicine already provided by CGHS.




  • All CGHS beneficiaries, serving as well as pensioners will be able to avail the benefit of these centres. 

  • This step has been taken by the Ministry, keeping in view of the growing popularity of AYUSH system of medicines amongst the public at large and all CGHS beneficiaries.

  • Initial empanelment of Day Care Therapy Centres will be undertaken on pilot basis for Delhi and NCR for a period of one year and subsequently would be considered for other places.




  • The treatment procedure requiring a short duration of stay in the Day Care Therapy Centre, ranging from a few hours to less than a Day will be made available to CGHS beneficiaries under this scheme. 

  • The aim of the scheme is to improve the health and wellbeing, reduce health care expenditure and provide excellence in service delivery, efficiency, and comfort to the patients. 

  • As the treatment procedure does not require overnight stay in the unfamiliar environment, it is extremely convenient for children and elderly patients. 

  • This is yet another important step of Government of India to extend the benefit of AYUSH system of medicine.

  • At present treatment of approved procedures like Panchkarma and Abhyanga etc. is given only after hospitalization in CGHS empanelment Hospital. 

  • This involves additional cost to CGHS as indoor room charges, which are separately paid by CGHS apart from the procedure cost. 

  • The day care centers will not only reduce the cost of hospitalisation but will also add to patient’s convenience.

Source: PIB.


Focus: GS3.

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.


  • Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ has set up a task force for preparing a roadmap on imparting technical education in Mother Tongue. 

  • The task force set up under the chairmanship of Secretary, Higher Education will take into consideration the suggestions made by various stakeholders and will submit a report in a month.




  • The decision was taken by the Minister at a high level meeting held yesterday on imparting technical education in Mother Tongue.

  • Secretary Higher Education Amit Khare, IIT Directors, Academicians and senior officials of the Ministry were present in the meeting. 

  • The agenda of the meeting was to discuss and deliberate regarding the implementation of NEP- 2020.


Source: AIR News.

Map of the Day–Libya

Map of Libya

Quote for the Day

"If you set your goals ridiculously high and it's a failure, you will fail above everyone else's success." - James Cameron

 Mains Answer Writing

  1. Explain the concept of ‘Age-structure’ of a population; discuss its relevance for economic development and growth. (250 words).

  2. Explain why India is on digital strike with China, explain the reasons with which India is banning apps, discuss the concerns associated with it. and suggest way forward. (250 words).

  3. Discuss the issues associated with Ayurvedic and Allopathic professionals. (250 words).

Test your Knowledge

  1. Consider the following statements with respect to the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC):

    1. It is the world’s second largest inter-governmental organisation after the UN, with a membership of 57 states. 

    2. India has joined the grouping with the status of Observer state in 2019.

    3. The OIC’s stated objective is to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony among various people of the world.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:


      1. 1 only

      2. 2 and 3 only

      3. 1 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

2. Consider the following statements with respect to the  crops minimum support price (MSP):

  1. The Commission for Agricultural Costs & Prices (CACP) in the Ministry of Agriculture would recommend MSPs after doing field-based cost estimates. 

  2. The CACP’s job is to estimate production costs for a season and recommend the MSPs by applying the 1.5-times formula. 

  3. A2 covers all paid-out costs directly incurred by the farmer (in cash and kind) on seeds, fertilisers, pesticides, hired labour, leased-in land, fuel, irrigation, etc. 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 and 2 only

  2. 1 and 3 only

  3. 2 and 3 only

  4. 1, 2 and 3


3. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act specifically provides for persons with disabilities who are imprisoned.

  2. The Nelson Mandela Rules sets standard minimum rules for the treatment of prisoners.

  3. It is important to note that the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act explicitly recognises Parkinson’s disease as specified disability in its Schedule.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:


    1. 1 only

    2. 1 and 2 only

    3. 2 and 3 only

    4. 1, 2 and 3


4. The Chardham Project in news, is located in :


  1. Jammu and Kashmir

  2. Uttarakhand

  3. Uttar Pradesh

  4. Himachal Pradesh



5. Which of the following countries became the first country in the world to approve the Pfizer-BioNTech (BNT162b2) Covid-19 vaccine for use?


  1. China

  2. Russia

  3. USA

  4. Britain


  1. C2.C3.C4.B5.D