Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 1st January 2021

ZARI-ZARDOZI CRAFTS


Focus: GS1.

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Lehenga gold zari zardozi indian weddings bride bridal wear  www.weddingstoryz... details Chikan embroidery on georgette fabric, - Clip  19021 | Bazaarr | Pakistani, Indian & Ethnic Fashion

Context

  • The Madhya Pradesh Government is organizing the ‘Raag-Bhopali’ exhibition to promote Zari-Zardozi crafts of Bhopal.

  • Embroidery done with metallic threads is called kalabattu and forms the zari.

 

About the process

 

  • The main zari production centres are Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh.

  • Here the metal ingots are melted into metal bars called pasa from which lengths are got by beating it after treatment.

  • This is then pulled through perforated steel plates to make it into wires, followed by the tarkashi process to make it thin with rubber and diamond dies.

  • The last stage is called badla where the wire is flattened and twisted with silk or cotton thread to become kasab or kalabattu.

 

Highlights

 

  • Zardozi: This is a heavy and more elaborate embroidery work which uses varieties of gold threads, spangles, beads and gota. It is used to embellish wedding outfits, heavy coats, cushions, curtains etc.

  • Kamdani: This is a lighter needlework which is done on lighter material like scarves, veils, and caps.

  • Mina Work: This is thus called owing to its resemblance with enamel work. The embroidery is done in gold.


Source: Times of India.


NATIONAL SUMMIT ON GOOD, REPLICABLE PRACTICES AND INNOVATIONS IN PUBLIC HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS IN INDIA

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.


Context

  • Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare digitally inaugurated the 7th National Summit on Good, Replicable Practices through a video conference.

  • Ministry of Health & Family Welfare holds the National Summit on Good, Replicable Practices and Innovations in Public Healthcare Systems in India.

 

Background

 

While the first one was held in 2013 at Srinagar to recognize, showcase and document various best practices and innovations in public healthcare system, the last was held at Gandhinagar, Gujarat.

 

Highlights

 

  • The first one was held in 2013 at Srinagar. 

  • The summit is held to recognize, showcase and document various best practices and innovations in public healthcare system. 

  • Union Minister of Health also launched New Health Management Information System (HMIS) along with the Operational Guidelines for TB services at AB-HWCs and the Operational Guidelines 2020 on Active Case Detection and Regular Surveillance for Leprosy.

  • Indian Prime Minister has set a bold target of a TB-free India by 2025, five years ahead of the SDG targets of 2030.

 

Source: PIB.


MEASURING TREND INFLATION IN INDIA

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Financial Cycles Provide Early Warning Of Business Downturns, Says RBI Paper

Context

  • Maintaining the CPI inflation target at 4.0% would be "appropriate" for India, a Reserve Bank of India working paper has said.

  • The paper, titled 'Measuring Trend Inflation in India' and authored by Deputy Governor Michael Patra and Harendra Kumar Behera from the Department of Economic Policy and Research, does not necessarily reflect the views of the central bank.

Background

  • The paper found that an average of trend inflation in India had come down to 4.1-4.3% in the first quarter of 2020 from around 5% until 2014. "

  • …the credibility bonus accruing to monetary policy warrants smaller policy actions to achieve the target. This points to maintaining the inflation target at 4% into the medium term," the paper concluded.

    Highlights The paper's findings come ahead of the review of the flexible inflation target. The current medium-term target of 4.0% in a band of 2-6% is valid until the end of March, after which the government must set a target for the next five years. Speculation has been rife that the government may want a more relaxed inflation target to help provide more easing room to the Monetary Policy Committee, which has been forced to leave the repo rate unchanged at 4.00% since May due to surging price pressures. CPI inflation has been above 4% for 14 straight months and above the upper bound of 6% 11 times in the last year. The MPC mandate to maintain CPI in a 2-6% band with a 4% mid-point under the flexible inflation targetting regime would have meant that the rate-setting panel write a letter detailing the 'failure' to achieve the target for three consecutive quarters by mid-2020. But this was prevented by the imputed inflation numbers issued by the National Statistics Office, due to data collection issues amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The statistics office skipped issuing CPI inflation data for April and May due to the lockdown but later released it by imputing the missing data. In its August Monetary Policy statement, the committee said it would consider April and May as a break in the series, effectively restarting the clock for any non-adherence to the 2-6% CPI band. In the interim, the central bank has effected various liquidity supportive steps to complement the accommodative stance on monetary policy, including repo rate cuts to combat the economic fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic. Source: The Hindu.

100TH RUN OF “KISAN RAIL” TRAINS

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Kisan Rail carried 27,000 tonnes, Devlali-Danapur most popular route |  India News,The Indian Express

Context

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi flagged off the 100th run of the Kisan Rail via video conferencing, calling the service a major step towards increasing the “income of farmers”.

  • Speaking on the occasion, the PM said the service will bring a major change in the farm sector and increase the strength of the country’s cold supply chain. 

Objective

“The Prime Minister termed the Kisan Rail Service as a major step towards increasing the income of the farmers of the country. He expressed happiness that even during the Corona pandemic, 100 Kisan Rails were launched in the last four months. He said this service will bring a major change in the economy related to farming and will also increase the strength of the country’s cold supply chain,” a statement from the Prime Minister’s Office said.

 

Highlights

  • The train, starting from Sangola in Maharashtra and culminating in Shalimar in West Bengal, will cover a distance of 2,132 km with more than 400 tonnes of cargo at a speed of 54.6 kmph in around 39 hours. 

  • It is carrying pomegranate, custard apples, grapes and oranges.

  • The Kisan Rail project not only shows the commitment of the Government to serve the farmers but also serves as a proof of how fast our farmers are ready for new possibilities.

  • At present, nine rakes of Kisan Rail trains are plying along 10 major routes, according to the ministry of railways.

  • It is the participation and support of the rural people, farmers and youth that makes the government’s efforts successful. 

  • Farmer Producer Organizations (FPO’s) and cooperative groups like women’s Self Help Groups get priority in agri-business and agri-infrastructure. 

  • Recent reforms will lead to expansion of agri-businesses and these groups will be the biggest beneficiaries. 

  • Private investment in agriculture will support the government’s effort to help these groups.

Source: Hindustan Times.

 

NAUSHERA KA SHER

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Popular as “Naushera ka Sher”, Brigadier Mohammad Usman was a towering hero  of the 1947 Indo-Pak war

Context

 

After it came to light that the grave of Naushera ka Sher Brigadier Mohammad Usman, the senior-most officer killed in the first India-Pakistan war of 1947-48, was damaged, an Army source said it was looking into the issue and the grave will be restored soon.

 

Background

  • The grave is located on the Jamia Millia Islamia (JMI) campus.

  • Brig. Usman was one of only 18 Brigadiers in the Army at the time of Independence and was posthumously awarded the MahaVir Chakra for his gallant action during the 1947-48 war.

 

Highlights

  • During the defence of Naushera against overwhelming odds and numbers, Indian forces inflicted around 2000 casualties on the Pakistanis while Indian forces suffered only 150 casualties. 

  • His defence earned him the nickname Lion of Naushera.

  • The grave is located on the Jamia Millia Islamia (JMI) campus in New Delhi. Brig. Usman’s funeral was done with full state honours and the prayer was led by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.

  • Naushera is a town and tehsil in the Rajouri district in the Indian Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

 

Source: The Hindu.

 

PREVENTING FINANCING OF PROLIFERATION OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION

 

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.


Context

  • The Turkish parliament passed a bill called “Preventing Financing of Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction”.

  • It would increase the monitoring of civil society groups. 

 

About the bill

  • The Bill was passed following the 2019 report on Turkey prepared by the intergovernmental body Financial Action Task Force (FATF) meant to fight money laundering and terror financing.

  • The bill consists of 43 articles and has made changes to seven laws on Turkey’s Law of Associations. 

  • It is meant to keep Turkey from being blacklisted by the Paris-based watchdog of terror financing.

  • The Bill gives the Turkish government the power to appoint trustees to NGOs, to suspend their activities, seize their assets and monitor their sources of funding.

  • Critics believe that it violates the provisions under the Turkish constitution since it interferes with the right to freedom of association.


Source: Indian Express.


EAST FREIGHT CORRIDOR

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

New Bhaupur-New Khurja Section of Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor |  IASbaba

Context

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the ‘New Bhaupur - New Khurja section’ of Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (EDFC) via video conferencing.

  • According to the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO), Modi will also inaugurate EDFC’s Operation Control Centre (OCC) at Prayagraj.

 

Background

 

The 351 km New Bhaupur - New Khurja section of EDFC is situated in Uttar Pradesh and is built at a cost of Rs 5,750 crores. 

 

Highlights

 

  • The section will open new vistas of opportunity for the local industries such as aluminium industry (Pukhrayan region of Kanpur Dehat district), dairy sector (Auraiya district), textile production/block printing (Etawah district), glassware industry (Firozabad district), pottery products (Khurja of Bulandshahr district), asafoetida or ‘hing’ production (Hathras district) and locks and hardware (Aligarh district). 

  • The section will also decongest the existing Kanpur - Delhi main line and will enable Indian Railways to run faster trains.

  • The EDFC which is envisioned over a route of 1,856 km, starts from Sahnewal near Ludhiana in Punjab and will pass through the states of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Jharkhand to terminate at Dankuni in West Bengal.

  • It is being constructed by Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited (DFCCIL),  that has been set up as a special purpose vehicle to build and operate Dedicated Freight Corridors.

  • DFCCIL is also constructing the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (1,504 route km) that connects Dadri in Uttar Pradesh to Jawaharlal Nehru Port in Mumbai and will traverse through the states of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra.

 

Source: Hindustan Times.

PROXIMA CENTAURI

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Proxima Centauri: the closest star to the Sun – Civilsdaily

Context

Astronomers at the $100 million Breakthrough Listen project, started by the legendary physicist Stephen Hawking, have recently picked up an “intriguing” radio wave emission from the direction of Proxima Centauri, the closest star to our Sun.

 

Background

Proxima Centauri is 4.2 light-years away from the Sun – considered a close distance in cosmic terms. Its mass is about an eighth of the Sun’s, and it is too dim to be seen with the naked eye from Earth.

 

Highlights

 

  • Unlike the project’s previous findings, the beam picked up from the direction of Proxima Centauri–which has been named BLC1 or Breakthrough Listen Candidate 1– has two interesting characteristics. 

  • First, its signal frequency is 982 Mhz– a narrow-band value that is not transmitted by human-made spacecraft or satellites. 

  • Neither do we know of a natural astronomical phenomenon that can generate such a radio signal. 

  • Second, the apparent shift in this frequency is reportedly consistent with the movement of the planet.

  • This raises the possibility that the emission could be an alien “technosignature”, meaning something which provides evidence of alien technology, and could have arisen from some form of advanced extraterrestrial intelligence (ETI), as per the Scientific American.

  • According to the Guardian, the beam was found in the archival data of the Parkes observatory, which picked up the beam in April and May last year. 

  • It has not been spotted again. 

  • Scientists are currently working on a paper explaining BLC1, which is expected to be released early next year.

  • There are also reasons to believe that the signal might not mean ‘aliens’. Since only the Parkes observatory has picked up the signal, which has not appeared since, it would be impossible to verify that it came from Proxima Centauri. 

  • Another possibility could be that the signal could have been caused by something behind Proxima Centauri, or by a natural phenomenon whose existence we so far do not know of.


Source: Indian Express.


RUTHENIUM-106

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Eye Cancer therapy in the form of the first indigenous Ruthenium-106 |  IASbaba

Context

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai has developed Eye Cancer therapy in the form of the first indigenous Ruthenium 106 Plaque for treatment of Ocular Tumours.

 

Highlights

 

  • The handling of plaque is very convenient for the Surgeon and it has been acknowledged to be at par with the international standards.

  • So far the BARC plaques made in India through the Department of Atomic Energy have been used for seven cases for Ocular Cancer.

  • Ocular tumours are tumours inside the eye. 

  • They are collections of cells that grow and multiply abnormally and form masses.


Source: Indian Express.


Map of the Day–Black Sea

Map of Black Sea - World Seas, Black Sea Map Location - World Atlas


Quote for the Day

“Take the stones people throw at you. And use them to build a monument.” – Ratan Tata 

Mains Answer Writing


  1. Explain about the factors that affect the temperature distribution and bring out reasons for overall heat balance on Earth. (250 Words).

  2. Mention the reasons for shift of Sugar Industry from North India to South India. (250 Words).

  3. Develop linkages between affordable interment and female empowerment to achieve gender equality. (250 Words).


Test your Knowledge


  1. Consider the following statements with respect to the Anaemia Mukt Bharat initiative:

    1. The Anemia Mukt Bharat strategy has been designed to comply with the targets of POSHAN Abhiyaan and National Nutrition Strategy set by NITI Aayog.

    2. Its objective is to reduce the prevalence of anemia by 3 percentage points per year only among adolescents and women in the reproductive age group between the year 2018 and 2022.

    3. Complying with the targets of POSHAN Abhiyaan and National Nutrition Strategy set by NITI Aayog, the Anemia Mukt Bharat strategy has been designed. 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 1 and 3 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Consider the following statements with respect to the Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) project:

    1. The project involves the construction of five freight corridors traversing the entire country to reduce congestion at various terminals and junctions. 

    2. The majority of the Eastern DFC is funded by the Japan International Cooperation Agency, while the Western DFC is being funded by the World Bank. 

    3. The DFC project was first proposed in April 2005 to address the needs of the rapidly developing Indian economy. 

Select the incorrect answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 1 and 3 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Consider the following statements:

    1. The electoral bonds do not bear the name of the donor.

    2. The range of a bond is between Rs 1,000 to Rs 1 crore.

    3. These will be available at some branches of RBI. 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 1 and 3 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Web-based application “Digital Ocean been developed by?

 

      1. DRDO

      2. ISRO

      3. National Institute of oceanography

      4. Indian National Center for Ocean Information Services

 

  1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi dedicated to the nation the ambitious New Bhaupur-New Khurja section of Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (EDFC) in:

 

      1. Bihar

      2. Assam

      3. Uttarakhand

      4. Uttar Pradesh


Answers

  1. B 2.A 3.A4.D 5.D