Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 2nd January 2021

BURDEN OF ANAEMIA IN INDIA


Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Anaemia Continues To Rise Among Women Of Childbearing Age And Children In  The Country, Shows Fifth National Family Health Survey | News

Context

Indian women and children are overwhelmingly anaemic, according to the National Family Health Survey 2019-20 released earlier this month, and the condition is the most prevalent in the Himalayan cold desert.

About Anaemia

  • The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity of hemoglobin.

  • It can make one feel tired, cold, dizzy, irritable and short of breath, among other symptoms. 

  • A diet which does not contain enough iron, folic acid or vitamin B12 is a common cause of anaemia. 

  • Some other conditions that may lead to anaemia include pregnancy, heavy periods, blood disorders or cancer, inherited disorders and infectious diseases.

    Highlights In Phase I of the National Family Health Survey (NHFS), result factsheets have been released for 22 states and UTs. Anaemia testing during the survey was done among children aged 6 to 59 months and among women and men aged 15 to 49 years of age. In a majority of these states and UTs, more than half the children and women were found to be anaemic. In 15 of these 22 states and UTs, more than half the children are anaemic. Similarly, more than 50 per cent women are anaemic in 14 of these states and UTs. The proportion of anaemic children and women is comparatively lower in Lakshadweep, Kerala, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland, and higher in Ladakh, Gujarat, J&K, and West Bengal, among others. Anaemia among men was less than 30 per cent in a majority of these states and UTs.

 

Source: Indian Express.


LAW ON ABORTION

 

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.


Context

  • Argentina has legalized abortions up to the 14th week of pregnancy, in what was a ground-breaking decision in a country that has some of the world’s most restrictive abortion laws.

  • Prior, abortions were only permitted in cases of rape or when the woman’s health was at serious risk.

Background

  • Activists have been campaigning for years, calling for an overturning of this law that has been in existence since 1921.

  • The bill calls for greater autonomy for women over their own bodies and control of their reproductive rights, and also provides better healthcare for pregnant women and young mothers.

 

Highlights

  • Prior to this, girls and women were forced to turn to illegal and unsafe procedures because abortion was against the law in Argentina.

  • For girls and women from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds, the scope of access to safe medical procedures for abortion was even narrower.

  • According to Human Rights Watch, unsafe abortion was the leading cause of maternal mortality in the country.

  • The Catholic Church and the evangelical community wield immense power and influence in Argentina and had strongly opposed the passing of this bill.

  • In fact, for several decades, following the beliefs of the Catholic Church, even the sale of contraceptives was prohibited in the country.


Source: Indian Express.


ED ATTACHMENT OF PROPERTY

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.


Context

Earlier this month, the Enforcement Directorate (ED) issued orders for the attachment of several properties belonging to former Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister and leader of the National Conference Dr Farooq Abdullah in connection with its investigation into alleged money laundering in the Jammu and Kashmir Cricket Association (JKCA) case.

 

Background

 

  • The attached properties include Farooq Abdullah’s Gupkar Road residence in Srinagar, where he lives. 

  • They also include two other residential properties in Tangamarg and Sunjwan, apart from commercial properties on Srinagar’s Residency Road.

 

Highlights

 

  • The purpose of attachment is to deprive an accused of the benefits of the attached asset. 

  • The law also provides for the property to remain out of bounds for the accused until the trial is complete.

  • However, properties that are in use are generally not sealed until the case reaches its logical conclusion. 

  • Usually, the accused secures release of the property in appellate tribunals or High Courts, or is able to get a stay, and continue to enjoy it while the matter remains pending in the courts.

  • Also, running businesses are not shut down.

  • Therefore, a running hotel can, for example, be attached under the PMLA, and still continue its business.


Source: Indian Express.


SHOOLPANESHWAR WILDLIFE SANCTUARY

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.


Context

Tribal communities have urged Prime Minister Narendra Modi to withdraw the Centre’s notification classifying 121 villages around the Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary in Narmada district as eco-sensitive zones.

 

Background

 

  • Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area in Gujarat state, located in the western Satpura Range south of the Narmada River.

  • It shares a common boundary with Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.

 

Highlights

 

  • Firstly, as per the provisions of the notification, land falling in the eco-sensitive zone cannot be transferred for non-agricultural use for commercial, industrial or residential purposes. 

  • Any land that needs to be transferred can be done so only after approval from the state government.

  • Second, a process has been initiated to include the state government as the co-owner of the land in the 121 villages.

  • Third, they feel that it could dilute the “power” vested with villagers under the Panchayat (Extension of Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996, implemented in areas notified under Schedule V of the Constitution.

 

Source: Indian Express.


LIGHT HOUSE PROJECTS

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

BJP on Twitter: "PM Shri @narendramodi will lay the foundation stone of Light  House Projects (LHPs) under Global Housing Technology Challenge-India (GHTC- India) at six sites across six States on 1st January 2021.

Context

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi today promised housing for all and said it is time to put an end to the miseries of the poor, while laying the foundation stone of Light House Projects (LHPs) under Global Housing Technology Challenge (GHTC)-India, across six States in the country through video conferencing. 

  • Mr. Modi said the Light House Projects will showcase the best forms of technology, used for public welfare and light house projects will help support urban housing needs.

Objective

  • The Prime Minister said, the projects will make every citizen proud that the nation is leveraging high-end technology to give an impetus to our development trajectory. 

  • Greeting everyone on the occasion of new year, the Prime Minister said that we enter 2021 with new vigour and opportunities.   

Highlights

  • The Light House Projects (LHPs) showcase the best of new-age alternate global technologies, materials and processes in the construction sector for the first time in the country at such a large scale.

  • They are being constructed under GHTC-India which envisages to provide an ecosystem for adoption of innovative technologies in the housing construction sector in a holistic manner.

  • The LHPs are being constructed at Indore (Madhya Pradesh), Rajkot (Gujarat), Chennai (Tamil Nadu), Ranchi (Jharkhand), Agartala (Tripura) and Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh).

  • They comprise about 1000 houses at each location along with allied infrastructure facilities.

  • These projects will demonstrate and deliver ready to live houses at an expedited pace within twelve months, as compared to conventional brick and mortar construction, and will be more economical, sustainable, of high quality and durability.

Source: AIR News.

 

MOU ON COOPERATION IN THE PEACEFUL USES OF OUTER SPACE

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

 

Context

  • The Union Cabinet approved the Memorandum of Understanding between India and Bhutan on cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space.

  • According to an official statement, the Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved MoU between India and Bhutan on Cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space signed on November 19 by both sides at Bangalore/Thimpu and exchanged.

 

Background

"This MoU shall enable India and Bhutan to pursue cooperation in potential interest areas, such as remote sensing of the earth; satellite communication and satellitebased navigation; Space science and planetary exploration; use of spacecraft and space systems and ground system; and application of space technology," the statement said.

Highlights

 

  • The Cabinet further said that a Joint Working Group would be set up, drawing members from DOS/ISRO and the Ministry of Information and Communications (MoIC) of Bhutan, which will further work out the plan of action including the time-frame and the means of implementation.

  • "The signed MoU would lead to concluding specific Implementing Arrangement on specific areas of cooperation and setting up of Joint Working Group, to work out the plan of action including the time-frame and the means of implementing this MoU," the statement said.

  • The signed MoU will provide Impetus to explore cooperation possibilities in the field of remote sensing of the earth; satellite communication; satellite navigation; space science and exploration of outer space.

  • India and Bhutan have been discussing on establishing formal space cooperation. 

  • A template for Inter-Governmental MoU for Space cooperation was shared with the Ministry of External Affairs in November 2017 for further taking up with Bhutan. 

  • This draft was further discussed along with other cooperative proposals during the bilateral meeting in February 2020.

 

Source: NDTV.

 

SAHAYAK – NG

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.


Context

  • The SAHAYAK-NG, an air droppable container was tested successfully by the Defence Ministry. 

  • It is the first indigenously developed air droppable container.

 

Background

 

  • The SHAYAK-NG was designed by Defence Research Development Organization (DRDO) and Avantel, a private company. 

  • The other entities involved in the development of SAHAYAK-NG are NTSL, Visakhapatnam and ARDE, Agra.

 

Highlights

 

  • The SAHAYAK-NG can carry payload up to fifty kilograms.

  • It can be dropped from heavy aircraft.

  • It is GPS enabled.

  • It is an advanced version of SHAYAK Mk I.

  • The SAHAYAK-NG containers are completely water tight.

  • They are designed to withstand water entry shocks.

  • The rate of descent of SAHAYAK-NG container is controlled by a parachute system.

 

Source: PIB.


AKASH MISSILE SYSTEM

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

 

Context

The Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, gave its go-ahead to the sale of Akash surface-to-air missile systems to friendly foreign countries and created a high-powered panel for swifter approval to export of military hardware at a time India has set a target of clocking defence exports worth $5 billion by 2024, officials said.

Background

 

“So far, Indian defence exports included parts/components etc. The export of big platforms was minimal. This initiative of the Cabinet would help the country to improve its defence products and make them globally competitive,” the defence ministry said in a statement announcing the decision.

 

Highlights

 

  • The committee set up to speed up exports will have the defence minister, external affairs minister and the national security adviser on board.

  • The missile --- already in service in the Indian military --- has an indigenous content of 96%. 

  • The missile, which has a range of 25 km, was inducted into the Indian Air Force in 2014 and in the army a year later.

  • Officials said after its induction in the armed forces, several foreign countries had shown interest in the Akash missile during international and local defence exhibitions, and the Cabinet’s approval would allow India to take part in tenders issued by various countries.

  • The export version of Akash will be different from the weapon system currently deployed by the Indian armed forces, the statement said without specifying the differences in configuration.


Source: Hindustan Times.

PARADIP PORT

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

PORT DETAILS | easternstevedores

Context

The Union Cabinet has approved the project 'Deepening and Optimization of Inner Harbour Facilities including Development of Western Dock on Build, Operate and Transfer (BOT) basis under Public-Private Partnership (PPP) mode to handle cape size vessels at Paradip Port'.

 

Highlights

 

  • The proposed project envisages Construction of Western Dock Basin with facilities to handle cape size vessels by the selected BOT Concessionaire with an ultimate capacity of 25 MTPA (Million tonnes per annum) in two phases of 12.50 MTPA each.

  • The estimated cost of the project is Rs.3,004.63 Crore. 

  • This includes development of the new Western Dock on BOT basis and capital dredging by the selected Concessionaire at a cost of Rs.2,040 Crore and Rs.352.13 Crore respectively.


Source: Indian Express.


Map of the Day–Caspian Sea

Caspian Sea Map, Caspian Sea Location Facts History, Major Bodies of Water  - World Atlas


Quote for the Day

“If people are not laughing at your goals, your goals are too small.” – Azim Premji

Mains Answer Writing


  1. Analyse the performance of Chief of Defence Staff and suggest ways to improve it further. (250 Words).

  2. Mention the current status of private home grown space companies’ presence and participation in the space sector of India. Suggest the need for balanced reforms to ensure a thriving private sector in space with adequate checks and balances. (250 Words).

  3. Bring out the ethical dilemmas involving abortion. (250 Words).


Test your Knowledge


  1. Consider the following statements with respect to Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D):

    1. The Government of India formally established the BPR&D in 1970, under the Ministry of Home Affairs with the primary objective of modernizing the police force.

    2. The BPR&D has been publishing the “Data on Police Organizations” annually, since the year 2000. 

    3. By establishing BPR&D, the government gave a new orientation to the existing Police Research and Advisory Council (1966).

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 1 and 3 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Consider the following statements with respect to PM SVANidhi scheme:

    1. It is a Special Micro-Credit Facility for Street Vendors launched by the Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises, Government of India.

    2. The scheme will be implemented by the Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI).

    3. Under the Scheme, the vendors can avail a working capital loan of up to Rs. 10,000, which is repayable in monthly instalments in the tenure of one year. 

Select the incorrect answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 1 and 3 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Consider the following statements:

    1. Akash missile is a medium range Air to Air Missile with multi-target engagement capability. 

    2. Akash has a range of 25 km and can simultaneously engage multiple targets in all weather conditions. 

    3. It has a large operational envelope from a low altitude of 30 metres to a maximum of up to 20 km. 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 1 and 3 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. ‘Raag-Bhopali’ exhibition is organised in:

 

      1. Assam

      2. Kerala

      3. Delhi

      4. Madhya Pradesh

 

  1. Digital Ocean is an initiative of:

 

      1. INCOIS

      2. ISRO

      3. DRDO

      4. PMO


Answers

  1. B 2.C 3.C4.D 5.A