Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 5th January 2021

DISABILITY COMPENSATION


Focus: GS1.

Topic: Social empowerment.

Centre extends Disability Compensation to all serving employees, if they  get disabled in the line of duty

Context

Centre has decided to extend Disability Compensation to all serving employees, if they get disabled in the line of duty while performing their service and are retained in service in spite of such disablement.

Background

  • This was announced by Minister of State for Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions Jitendra Singh. 

  • He said, the move will particularly provide a huge relief to young Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) personnel like CRPF, BSF and CISF since disability in performance of duties is generally reported in their case due to constraints of job requirement as well as hostile or difficult work-environment.

 

Highlights

 

  • Narendra Modi Government is making all efforts to simplify the rules and to do away with discriminatory clauses. 

  • The ultimate objective of all these new initiatives is to provide ease of living for the government servants even after they have superannuated and become pensioners or family pensioners or elder citizens.

  • In another employee-friendly decision, the Ministry of Personnel recently did away with minimum qualifying service of 10 years for pension, if a government servant is incapacitated due to bodily or medical infirmity and retired from government service.

  • Accordingly, the rule was amended to provide Invalid Pension at 50 per cent of the last pay, even if the employee had not completed minimum qualifying service of 10 years.

  • In addition to these, in yet another reform in the Pension Rules, a decision was also taken to amend the rule and provide pension at enhanced rate to the family of an employee who died during service before completing the requisite service of minimum seven years.

  • As a result, now the family pension of 50 per cent of the last pay is also admissible to the family of employees who die even before completing seven years of service.

Source: AIR News.


BUTA SINGH

Focus: GS1.

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

Buta Singh: दलित मसीहा बूटा सिंह- इंदिरा गांधी के भरोसेमंद से राजीव सरकार  के सबके ताकतवर मंत्री तक | Buta Singh Profile dalit leader home minister in  Rajiv Gandhi govt ex governor

Context

The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has expressed deep grief over the demise of Shri Buta Singh.

 

About Buta Singh

  • Buta Singh (1934 – 2021) was an Indian politician and a senior leader of the Indian National Congress. He was elected to the Lok Sabha eight-times.

  • He served as Union Home Minister in 1986 under Rajiv Gandhi Government, Minister for Agriculture, Parliamentary Affairs, Civil Supplies, Housing, Shipping, Transport and Sports.

  • His term as Home Minister will be remembered for the Rajiv Gandhi government’s decision to allow shilanyas of a Ram temple at the disputed site in Ayodhya in 1989, and his role in bringing down many elected chief ministers, including in Tamil Nadu.

  • He was very closely involved with Indira Gandhi in Operation Blue Star and as a minister he oversaw reconstruction of the Golden Temple following that exercise.

  • He also served as the Governor of Bihar and Chairman of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC).

Source: Indian Express.


PM LAYS FOUNDATION STONE OF AIIMS AT RAJKOT

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.


Context

  • The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of AIIMS Rajkot through a video conference.

  • Union Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan, Governor Gujarat Acharaya Devvrat, Chief Minister Gujarat, Shri Vijay Rupani were present on the occasion.

 

Background

 

  • The Prime Minister remembered the efforts of the millions of doctors, health workers, scavengers and other frontline corona warriors who have constantly put their lives at stake to protect humanity. 

  • He lauded the efforts of the scientists and all those who provided food to the poor in this difficult period with full dedication.

 

Highlights

 

  • AIIMS Rajkot will boost health infrastructure, medical education and provide employment opportunities in Gujarat.

  • About 5 thousand direct jobs and many indirect jobs would be created. Lauding the efforts of Gujarat in fighting COVID, the Prime Minister said Gujarat has shown the path in fighting COVID.

  • Under Ayushman Bharat scheme, the work to establish about 1.5 million Health and Wellness Centers in remote areas is being undertaken and among those about 50000 centers has already started functioning.

  • About 5 thousand among those are in Gujarat alone. 

  • About 7000 Jan Aushadhi Center provided medicines at low cost to about 3.5 lakh poor patients. 

 

Source: PIB.

 

COL NARENDRA ‘BULL’ KUMAR WHO HELPED INDIA SECURE SIACHEN GLACIER PASSES AWAY

 

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

If it weren't for Colonel Narendra, Siachen would be under Pakistani  control'; PM Modi pays homage – colonel-narendra-bull-kumar passes away  thursday | Top Latest and Breaking Marathi News | MBS News

Context

Ace mountaineer Colonel Narendra 'Bull' Kumar, 87, who helped India secure the Siachen Glacier, passed away at the Army Research and Referral Hospital in New Delhi due to age-related illness.

 

Background

Col Kumar, who was awarded the Kirti Chakra, Padma Shri, Arjun award and the McGregor medal, carried out multiple expeditions in the Siachen glacier area in the late 1970s and early 1980s.

 

Highlights

  • Based mainly on his reconnaissance reports, the Indian Army went ahead with the mission to occupy the Siachen heights under the Operation Meghdoot.

  • One of the initial inputs about the Pakistani plans to annexe the Siachen glacier also came to be known by the Army through the iconic mountaineer who was commissioned into the Kumaon Regiment in 1953.

  • "He is known to be the Siachen saviour. It was he who first detected the cartographic aggression of Pakistan in the Siachen glacier area. Rest is history," said Lt Gen Sanjay Kulkarni (Retd). Kulkarni was also one of the first Indian Army soldiers as a Captain to have climbed on top of the glacier along with his platoon.

  • He was the first Indian to climb Mount Nanda Devi. 

  • He climbed Mount Everest in 1965, Mount Blanc (highest peak in the Alps), and later Mount Kangchenchanga.

  • He climbed all these peaks despite losing four toes due to frostbite in earlier expeditions. 

  • In 1981, as member of the Antarctica Task Force he played a stellar role.

  • He earned the nickname 'Bull' for relentlessly charging into everything he did.


Source: LiveMint.


PETROLEUM MINISTER LAUNCHES MISSED CALL FACILITY FOR LPG CONSUMERS

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Missed call facility for LPG consumers | The Indian Awaaz

Context

  • Petroleum and Natural Gas & Steel Minister Dharmendra Pradhan, in an event in Bhubaneswar, launched Missed Call Facility for LPG consumers, a major step towards government’s efforts to boost ease-of living.

  • Indian Oil LPG customers can use single missed call number 8454955555 for refill booking- for all India and for new connection- for Bhubaneswar City. 

 

Background

 

  • Union Minister also rolled out the second phase of world class premium grade petrol (Octane 100), branded as XP100 by Indian Oil. 

  • In this second phase, Indian Oil’s branded XP100 was rolled out in seven more cities including Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Kochi, Indore and Bhubaneswar. 

  • The Minister had launched XP100 and rolled out the first phase a month ago on 01st December, 2020 at select outlets in 10 Indian cities. 

 

Advantages

 

  • Quick booking, customer doesn’t have to hold call for long time.

  • No call charges to customers as compared to IVRS calls where normal call rates are applicable.

  • People who are not adept with IVRS or old age customers who face issues in using IVRS facility can opt for refill booking via missed call.

  • Will ease life of rural consumers.


Source: DD News.


REMISSION OF DUTIES AND TAXES ON EXPORTED PRODUCTS SCHEME

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Remission of Duties and Taxes on Exported Products (RoDTEP) Scheme –  Civilsdaily

Context

Taking a major step to boost exports, Government has decided to extend the benefit of the Scheme for Remission of Duties and Taxes on Exported Products (RoDTEP) to all export goods with effect from 1st January, 2021.

 

Background

 

  • The RoDTEPscheme would refund to exportersthe embedded Central, State and local duties/taxes that were so far not being rebated/refunded and were, therefore, placing our exports at a disadvantage.  

  • The refund would be credited in an exporter’s ledger account with Customs and used to pay Basic Customs duty on imported goods. 

  • The credits can also be transferred to other importers.

 

Highlights

 

  • The RoDTEP rates would be notified shortly by the Department of Commerce, based on the recommendation of a Committee chaired by Dr. G.K. Pillai, former Commerce and Home Secretary. 

  • The final Report of the Committee is expected shortly. An exporter desirous of availing the benefit of the RoDTEP scheme shall be required to declare his intention for each export item in the shipping bill or bill of export. 

  • The RoDTEP shall be allowed, subject to specified conditions and exclusions.  

  • The notified rates, irrespective of the date of notification, shall apply with effect from 1st January, 2021 to all eligible exports of goods.

 

Source: PIB.


DRAFT MODEL STANDING ORDERS FOR THE MANUFACTURING SECTOR, MINING SECTOR AND SERVICE SECTOR

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Opinion on the draft model standing order of manufacturing, mining, service  sector

Context

  • Pursuant to section 29 of the Industrial Relations Code, 2020; the Central Government has published the draft Model Standing Orders for the Manufacturing Sector, Mining Sector and Service Sector in the official gazette, inviting suggestions/objections from the stakeholders within a period of thirty days.  

  • Keeping in view the needs of the services sector, a separate Model Standing Orders for Services Sector has been prepared first time.

Salient features

  • Where an employer adopts Model Standing Orders of the Central Government with respect to matters relevant to his industrial establishment or undertaking, then, such model standing order shall be deemed to have been certified.

  • The model standing orders adopted in respect of an industrial establishment shall also be applicable to all other industrial units of the industrial establishment irrespective of location.   

  • Uniformity has been maintained in all the three Model Standing Orders while providing some flexibility considering the sector-specific requirements.

  • All the three Model Standing Orders encourage employer for use of information technology in dissemination of information to the workers through electronic mode.

  • To provide safeguard to IT industry, “Involvement in unauthorized access of any IT system, computer network of the employer/ customer/client” has been prescribed as misconduct.

  • The concept of “Work from home” has been formalized in the Model Standing Orders for Service Sector. 

  • The Model Standing Orders for Services Sector inter alia provides that in case of IT Sector, the working hour shall be as per agreement or conditions of appointment between employer and workers.

  • “Habitual” with respect to indiscipline has been defined if the worker found guilty of any misconduct three or more times in preceding twelve months.

  • Rail Travel Facility has been extended to the workers in the mining sector.  Presently, it is being availed by the workers in coal mines only.​


Source: PIB.

 

SCHEME FOR GRAIN-BASED ETHANOL DISTILLERIES

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

 

Context

With an aim to increase farmers' income in the country, the Union Cabinet under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the modified the scheme to enhance ethanol distillation capacity in the country.

 

Background

Under the modified scheme, the Government proposed to set up grain based distilleries, expansion of existing grain based distilleries to produce ethanol, setting up new molasses based distilleries, expansion of existing distilleries to produce ethanol approved by the Central Pollution Control Board for achieving Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD). 

 

Highlights

  • Government has fixed target of 10% blending of fuel grade ethanol with petrol by 2022 and 20% blending by 2030. 

  • With a view to support sugar sector and in the interest of sugarcane farmers, the Government has also allowed production of ethanol from B-Heavy Molasses, sugarcane juice, sugar syrup and sugar; and has been fixing the remunerative ex-mill price of ethanol derived from C-heavy molasses, B-heavy molasses and ethanol derived from sugarcane juice/ sugar/ sugar syrup for ethanol season. 

  • For ethanol supply year 2020-21 Government has now increased the ex-mill price of ethanol derived from various feed stocks.

  • To increase production of fuel grade ethanol, Govt. is also encouraging distilleries to produce ethanol from maize; & rice available with FCI.

  • Government has fixed remunerative price of ethanol from maize & rice.

  • Government is also planning to pre-pone achievement of 20% blending target. 

  • However, the existing ethanol distillation capacity in the country is not sufficient to divert surplus stocks of sugar & to produce ethanol to supply to Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) for blending with petrol as per the blending targets fixed by Government of India.

  • Further the blending targets cannot be achieved only by diverting sugarcane / sugar to ethanol; & 1st Generation (1G) ethanol is required to be produced from other feed stocks like grains, sugar beet etc for which the present distillation capacity is also not sufficient. 

  • Therefore, it is an imperative need to enhance ethanol distillation capacity in the country for producing 1st Generation (1G) ethanol from feed stocks such as cereals (rice, wheat, barley, corn & sorghum), sugarcane, sugar beet etc.

 

Source: The Hindu.

 

QUANTUM RANDOM NUMBER GENERATOR

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

 

Context

Recently, the DRDO Young Scientist Laboratory for Quantum Technologies (DYSL-QT) has developed a Quantum Random Number Generator (QRNG).

 

About Quantum Random Number Generator

 

  • The DRDO Laboratory has developed a fiber-optic branch path based QRNG.

  • The branch path based QRNG is based on the principle that if a single photon is incident on a balanced beam splitter, it will take either of the beam-splitter output paths randomly.

 

Highlights

 

  • The QRNG system developed by the laboratory has passed the global randomness testing standards viz. NIST and Die-harder Statistical Test Suites at the speed of 150 kbps after post-processing.

  • The random numbers have essential roles in many fields, such as Quantum Communication, cryptography, scientific simulations, lotteries and fundamental physics experiments.

  • The generation of genuine randomness is generally considered impossible with classical means.

  • Quantum Mechanics has the inherent potential of providing true random numbers and thus has become the preferred option for the scientific applications requiring randomness.


Source: Indian Express.

 

Map of the Day–Kyrgyztan


Map of Kyrgyzstan

Quote for the Day


“…failure is not about not succeeding. Rather it is about not putting in your bet effort and not contributing, however modestly, to the common good.” – Varghese Kurien

 Mains Answer Writing


  1. Write about India’s performance in NDC’s of Paris Accords and make a case for collaborative efforts in building climate resilience. (250 Words).

  2. Explain the factors responsible for the creation of a British Indian empire amongst the competition from the other colonial powers. (250 Words).

  3. Analyze the impact of new farm laws on the ever widening gender gap in agriculture and to suggest solutions to reduce the gap. (250 Words).


Test your Knowledge


  1. Consider the following statements:

    1. Gibraltar, an overseas territory of Spain is a small portion of land on the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula.

    2. The territory, which is connected to Spain by a small strip of land and surrounded by sea on three sides.

    3. It serves as the only opening from the Atlantic Ocean into the Mediterranean Sea. 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 1 and 3 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Consider the following statements:

    1. Artificial trans fat is created during hydrogenation.

    2. Trans fat is not found naturally in meat and dairy.

    3. Trans fats are a form of unsaturated fat associated with a number of negative health effects. 

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 1 and 3 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. Consider the following statements:

    1. The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG #5), seeks to grant property rights and tenure security of agricultural land to women. 

    2. Most of the women cultivators in India are excluded from the definition of farmers.

    3. The government labels them as ‘cultivators’ or ‘agricultural labourers’ but not ‘farmers’. 

Select the incorrect answer using the code given below:

 

      1. 1 and 2 only

      2. 1 and 3 only

      3. 2 and 3 only

      4. 1, 2 and 3

 

  1. GAVI is located in: 

 

      1. Geneva

      2. Paris

      3. New York

      4. Sydney

 

  1. TiHAN has been launched at:

 

    1. IIT-Hyderabad

    2. IIM – Bangalore

    3. IIT-Madras

    4. IIT-Mandi


Answers

  1. C 2.B 3.A4.A 5.A