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INDIA BEGINS UNSC TENURE

The Editorial covers GS paper 2 [Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.]

India Begins Its Two-Year Tenure As Non-Permanent Member Of UN Security  Council

Context

  • With the start of the New Year, India officially began its two-year term as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. 

  • The country’s flag will be installed at the UNSC stakeout, which is the first working day of 2021. 

What is the Background?

  • India's Permanent Representative to the UN, Ambassador T S Tirumurti will install the tricolor. 

  • He is also expected to make brief remarks at the special ceremony. India will sit in the 15-nation United Nations Security Council for the 2021-22 terms as a non-permanent member. 

  • This is the eighth time that the country has had a seat on the powerful horseshoe table. 

  • Later, in August this year India will be the UNSC President, and will preside over the Council again for a month in 2022. 

What are the Highlights?

  • India will preside over the council as UNSC President in August 2021 and again in 2022. 

  • The presidency of the UNSC is held by each member in turn for a month. 

  • Ireland, Kenya, Mexico and Norway joined India in the latest cohort of non-permanent UNSC members.

  • In 2021, India, Norway, Kenya, Ireland and Mexico join non-permanent members Estonia, Niger, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tunisia and Vietnam and the five permanent members China, France, Russia, UK and the US in the Council.

  • India will be UNSC President in August 2021 and will preside over the Council again for a month in 2022.

  • The presidency of the Council is held by each of the members in turn for one month, following the English alphabetical order of the Member States' names.

What are the features?

  • India's message will also be to ensure "how do we let diversity flourish in a united framework, which is in many ways the United Nations itself.

  • This is something which India as a country, as what we stand for" will take to the Council. 

  • India will "definitely" emphasize a greater need for cooperation in the Council, which should not be a place where "because of any paralysis of decision making, urgent requirements don't get properly focused. 

  • We would like to have a more cooperative structure in which we genuinely look out and find solutions and go beyond the rhetoric." 

  • India will also underscore the importance of respect for rule of law and international law.

  • India has been at the forefront of the years-long efforts to reform the Security Council, saying it rightly deserves a place as a permanent member of the council, which in its current form does not represent the geo-political realities of the 21st century.

 

Conclusion

 

Modi had also asserted that reform in the responses, processes and in the very character of the United Nations was the "need of the hour" as he questioned that for how long will India, the world's largest democracy and home to 1.3 billion people, be kept out of the decision-making structures of the UN.

India, the endorsed candidate from the Asia-Pacific States, won 184 votes out of the 192 ballots cast in the elections in June for the five non-permanent seats of the Security Council.